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Psalms 90:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The days of our years are threescore years and ten, Or even by reason of strength fourscore years; Yet is their pride but labor and sorrow; For it is soon gone, and we fly away.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The days of our years [are] threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength [they be] fourscore years, yet [is] their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— As for the days of our life, they contain seventy years, Or if due to strength, eighty years, Yet their pride is [but] labor and sorrow; For soon it is gone and we fly away.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The days of our years [are] seventy years; and if by reason of strength [they are] eighty years, yet [is] their strength labor and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The days of our years are threescore years and ten; and if, by reason of strength, they be fourscore years, yet their pride is labour and vanity, for it is soon cut off, and we fly away.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The days of our years, have, in them, three score years and ten, And, if, by reason of strength, they have fourscore years, Yet, their boast, is labour and sorrow, For it hath passed quickly, and we have flown away.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Days of our years, in them [are] seventy years, And if, by reason of might, eighty years, Yet [is] their enlargement labour and vanity, For it hath been cut off hastily, and we fly away.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The days of our years in them are threescore and ten years. But if in the strong they be fourscore years: and what is more of them is labour and sorrow. For mildness is come upon us: and we shall be corrected.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The dayes of our yeres [are] threescore yeeres and ten, and if by reason of strength they [be] fourescore yeeres, yet is their strength labour and sorrow: for it is soone cut off, and we flie away.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [As for] the days of our years, in them are seventy years; and if [men should be] in strength, eighty years: and the greater part of them would be labour and trouble; for weakness overtakes us, and we shall be chastened.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The days of our years [are] threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength [they be] fourscore years, yet [is] their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The days 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of our years 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
[are] threescore y7657
[7657] Standard
שִׁבְעִים
shib`iym
{shib-eem'}
Multiple of H7651; seventy.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
years y8141
[8141] Standard
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
and ten; 7657
{7657} Prime
שִׁבְעִים
shib`iym
{shib-eem'}
Multiple of H7651; seventy.
x8141
(8141) Complement
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
and if x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
by reason of strength 1369
{1369} Prime
גְּבוּרָה
g@buwrah
{gheb-oo-raw'}
Feminine passive participle from the same as H1368; force (literally or figuratively); by implication valor, victory.
[they be] fourscore 8084
{8084} Prime
שְׁמֹנִים
sh@moniym
{shem-o-neem'}
Multiplicative from H8083; eighty; also eightieth.
years, 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
yet [is] their strength 7296
{7296} Prime
רֹהַב
rohab
{ro'-hab}
From H7292; pride.
labour 5999
{5999} Prime
עָמָל
`amal
{aw-mawl'}
From H5998; toil, that is, wearing effort; hence worry, whether of body or mind.
and sorrow; 205
{0205} Prime
אָוֶן
'aven
{aw-ven'}
From an unused root perhaps meaning properly to pant (hence to exert oneself, usually in vain; to come to naught); strictly nothingness; also trouble, vanity, wickedness; specifically an idol.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
it is soon 2440
{2440} Prime
חִישׁ
chiysh
{kheesh}
From H2439; properly a hurry; hence (adverbially) quickly.
cut off, 1468
{1468} Prime
גּוּז
guwz
{gooz}
A primitive root (compare H1494); properly to shear off; but used only in the (figurative) sense of passing rapidly.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and we fly away. 5774
{5774} Prime
עוּף
`uwph
{oof}
A primitive root; to cover (with wings or obscurity); hence (as denominative from H5775) to fly; also (by implication of dimness) to faint (from the darkness of swooning).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 90:10

_ _ Moses’ life was an exception (Deuteronomy 34:7).

_ _ it is ... cut off — or, “driven,” as is said of the quails in using the same word (Numbers 11:31). In view of this certain and speedy end, life is full of sorrow.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 90:7-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 90:10

Our years — Of the generality of mankind, in that and all following ages, some few persons excepted. Flee — We do not now go to death, as we do from our very birth, but flee swiftly away like a bird, as this word signifies.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 90:10

The days of our years [are] threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength [they be] (i) fourscore years, yet [is] their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away.

(i) Meaning according to the common state of life.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The days:
etc. Heb. As for the days of our years, in them are seventy years,
Genesis 47:9 And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage [are] an hundred and thirty years: few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.
Deuteronomy 34:7 And Moses [was] an hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.

yet:

2 Samuel 19:35 I [am] this day fourscore years old: [and] can I discern between good and evil? can thy servant taste what I eat or what I drink? can I hear any more the voice of singing men and singing women? wherefore then should thy servant be yet a burden unto my lord the king?
1 Kings 1:1 Now king David was old [and] stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no heat.
Ecclesiastes 12:2-7 While the sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars, be not darkened, nor the clouds return after the rain: ... Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.

for:

Psalms 78:39 For he remembered that they [were but] flesh; a wind that passeth away, and cometh not again.
Job 14:10 But man dieth, and wasteth away: yea, man giveth up the ghost, and where [is] he?
*marg.
Job 24:24 They are exalted for a little while, but are gone and brought low; they are taken out of the way as all [other], and cut off as the tops of the ears of corn.
Isaiah 38:12 Mine age is departed, and is removed from me as a shepherd's tent: I have cut off like a weaver my life: he will cut me off with pining sickness: from day [even] to night wilt thou make an end of me.
Luke 12:20 But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?
James 4:14 Whereas ye know not what [shall be] on the morrow. For what [is] your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 47:9. Dt 34:7. 2S 19:35. 1K 1:1. Jb 14:10; 24:24. Ps 78:39. Ec 12:2. Is 38:12. Lk 12:20. Jm 4:14.

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