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Psalms 89:39 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou hast abhorred the covenant of thy servant: Thou hast profaned his crown [by casting it] to the ground.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his crown [by casting it] to the ground.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— You have spurned the covenant of Your servant; You have profaned his crown in the dust.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his crown [by casting it] to the ground.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant; thou hast profaned his crown to the ground:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou hast cast down the covenant of thy Servant, Thou hast profaned, to the earth, his crown;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Hast rejected the covenant of Thy servant, Thou hast polluted to the earth his crown,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou hast overthrown the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his sanctuary on the earth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou hast made voyd the couenant of thy seruant: thou hast profaned his crowne, by casting it to the ground.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou hast overthrown the covenant of thy servant; thou has profaned his sanctuary, [casting it] to the ground.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his crown [by casting it] to the ground.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou hast made void 5010
{5010} Prime
נָאַר
na'ar
{naw-ar'}
A primitive root; to reject.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
the covenant 1285
{1285} Prime
בְּרִית
b@riyth
{ber-eeth'}
From H1262 (in the sense of cutting (like H1254)); a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh).
of thy servant: 5650
{5650} Prime
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
thou hast profaned 2490
{2490} Prime
חָלַל
chalal
{khaw-lal'}
A primitive root (compare H2470); properly to bore, that is, (by implication) to wound, to dissolve; figuratively to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an opening-wedge); denominatively (from H2485) to play (the flute).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
his crown 5145
{5145} Prime
נֶזֶר
nezer
{neh'-zer}
From H5144; properly something set apart, that is, (abstractly) dedication (of a priest or Nazirite); hence (concretely) unshorn locks; also (by implication) a chaplet (especially of royalty).
[by casting it] to the ground. 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 89:38-52.


Psalms 89:39

_ _ An insult to the “crown,” as of divine origin, was a profanation.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 89:38-52.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 89:39

Thou hast (d) made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his (e) crown [by casting it] to the ground.

(d) Because of the horrible confusion of things, the prophet complains to God, as though he did not see the performance of his promise and thus discharging his cares on God, he resists doubt and impatience.

(e) By this he means the horrible dissipation and tearing of the kingdom which was under Jeroboam, or else by the Spirit of prophecy Ethan speaks of those great miseries which came to pass soon after at the captivity of Babylon.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
void:

Psalms 89:34-36 My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips. ... His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.
Psalms 77:10 And I said, This [is] my infirmity: [but I will remember] the years of the right hand of the most High.
Psalms 116:11 I said in my haste, All men [are] liars.
John 13:7 Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter.

profaned:

Psalms 89:44 Thou hast made his glory to cease, and cast his throne down to the ground.
Psalms 74:7 They have cast fire into thy sanctuary, they have defiled [by casting down] the dwelling place of thy name to the ground.
Psalms 143:3 For the enemy hath persecuted my soul; he hath smitten my life down to the ground; he hath made me to dwell in darkness, as those that have been long dead.
Isaiah 25:12 And the fortress of the high fort of thy walls shall he bring down, lay low, [and] bring to the ground, [even] to the dust.
Isaiah 43:28 Therefore I have profaned the princes of the sanctuary, and have given Jacob to the curse, and Israel to reproaches.
Lamentations 5:16 The crown is fallen [from] our head: woe unto us, that we have sinned!
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 74:7; 77:10; 89:34, 44; 116:11; 143:3. Is 25:12; 43:28. Lm 5:16. Jn 13:7.

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