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Psalms 89:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[Maschil of Ethan the Ezrahite.]] I will sing of the lovingkindness of Jehovah for ever: With my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[Maschil of Ethan the Ezrahite.]] I will sing of the mercies of the LORD for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[A Maskil of Ethan the Ezrahite.]] I will sing of the lovingkindness of the LORD forever; To all generations I will make known Your faithfulness with my mouth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[Maschil of Ethan the Ezrahite.]] I will sing of the mercies of the LORD for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[An instruction. Of Ethan the Ezrahite.]] I will sing of the loving-kindness of Jehovah for ever; with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness from generation to generation.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[An Instructive Psalm, by Ethan the Ezrahite.]] The lovingkindnesses of Yahweh, age-abidingly will I sing, To generation after generation, will I make known thy faithfulness with my mouth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— An instruction, by Ethan the Ezrahite. Of the kind acts of Jehovah, to the age I sing, To all generations I make known Thy faithfulness with my mouth,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Of understanding, for Ethan the Ezrahite. The mercies of the Lord I will sing for ever. I will shew forth thy truth with my mouth to generation and generation.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[Maschil of Ethan the Ezrahite.]] I will sing of the mercies of the LORD for euer: with my mouth will I make knowen thy faithfulnesse to all generations.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[[A Psalm] of instruction for Aetham the Israelite.]] I will sing of thy mercies, O Lord, for ever: I will declare thy truth with my mouth to all generations.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[Maskil of Ethan the Ezrachi.]] I will sing of the mercies of Yahweh for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[Ma$cl מַשׂכִּיל 4905
{4905} Prime
From H7919; instructive, that is, a didactic poem.
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
of ʱn אֵיתָן 387
{0387} Prime
The same as H0386; permanent; Ethan, the name of four Israelites.
the Ezr אֶזרָחִי.]] 250
{0250} Prime
Patronymic from H2246; an Ezrachite or descendants of Zerach.
I will sing 7891
{7891} Prime
The second form being the original form, used in (1 Samuel 18:6); a primitive root (rather identical with H7788 through the idea of strolling minstrelsy); to sing.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
of the mercies 2617
{2617} Prime
From H2616; kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty.
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
for ever: 5769
{5769} Prime
From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always.
with my mouth 6310
{6310} Prime
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
will I make known 3045
{3045} Prime
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
thy faithfulness 530
{0530} Prime
Feminine of H0529; literally firmness; figuratively security; moral fidelity.
to all y1755
[1755] Standard
From H1752; properly a revolution of time, that is, an age or generation; also a dwelling.
generations. 1755
{1755} Prime
From H1752; properly a revolution of time, that is, an age or generation; also a dwelling.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 89:1

_ _ Psalms 89:1-52. Of Ethan — (See on Psalms 88:1, title). This Psalm was composed during some season of great national distress, perhaps Absalom’s rebellion. It contrasts the promised prosperity and perpetuity of David’s throne (with reference to the great promise of 2 Samuel 7:12-17), with a time when God appeared to have forgotten His covenant. The picture thus drawn may typify the promises and the adversities of Christ’s kingdom, and the terms of confiding appeal to God provided appropriate prayers for the divine aid and promised blessing.

_ _ mercies — those promised (Isaiah 55:3; Acts 13:34), and —

_ _ faithfulness — that is, in fulfilling them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 89:1-4

_ _ The psalmist has a very sad complaint to make of the deplorable condition of the family of David at this time, and yet he begins the psalm with songs of praise; for we must, in every thing, in every state, give thanks; thus we must glorify the Lord in the fire. We think, when we are in trouble, that we get ease by complaining; but we do more — we get joy, by praising. Let our complaints therefore be turned into thanksgivings; and in these verses we find that which will be matter of praise and thanksgiving for us in the worst of times, whether upon a personal or a public account, 1. However it be, the everlasting God is good and true, Psalms 89:1. Though we may find it hard to reconcile present dark providences with the goodness and truth of God, yet we must abide by this principle, That God's mercies are inexhaustible and his truth is inviolable; and these must be the matter of our joy and praise: “I will sing of the mercies of the Lord for ever, sing a praising song to God's honour, a pleasant song for my own solace, and Maschil, an instructive song, for the edification of others.” We may be for ever singing God's mercies, and yet the subject will not be drawn dry. We must sing of God's mercies as long as we live, train up others to sing of them when we are gone, and hope to be singing them in heaven world without end; and this is singing of the mercies of the Lord for ever. With my mouth, and with my pen (for by that also do we speak), will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations, assuring posterity, from my own observation and experience, that God is true to every word that he has spoken, that they may learn to put their trust in God, Psalms 78:6. 2. However it be, the everlasting covenant is firm and sure, Psalms 89:2-4. Here we have, (1.) The psalmist's faith and hope: “Things now look black, and threaten the utter extirpation of the house of David; but I have said, and I have warrant from the word of God to say it, that mercy shall be built up for ever.” As the goodness of God's nature is to be the matter of our song (Psalms 89:1), so much more the mercy that is built for us in the covenant; it is still increasing, like a house in the building up, and shall still continue our rest for ever, like a house built up. It shall be built up for ever; for the everlasting habitations we hope for in the new Jerusalem are of this building. If mercy shall be built for ever, then the tabernacle of David, which has fallen down, shall be raised out of its ruins, and built up as in the days of old, Amos 9:11. Therefore mercy shall be built up for ever, because thy faithfulness shalt thou establish in the very heavens. Though our expectations are in some particular instances disappointed, yet God's promises are not disannulled; they are established in the very heavens (that is, in his eternal counsels); they are above the changes of this lower region and out of the reach of the opposition of hell and earth. The stability of the material heavens is an emblem of the truth of God's word; the heavens may be clouded by vapours arising out of the earth, but they cannot be touched, they cannot be changed. (2.) An abstract of the covenant upon which this faith and hope are built: I have said it, says the psalmist, for God hath sworn it, that the heirs of promise might be entirely satisfied of the immutability of his counsel. He brings in God speaking (Psalms 89:3), owning, to the comfort of his people, “I have made a covenant, and therefore will make it good.” The covenant is made with David; the covenant of royalty is made with him, as the father of his family, and with his seed through him and for his sake, representing the covenant of grace made with Christ as head of the church and with all believers as his spiritual seed. David is here called God's chosen and his servant; and, as God is not changeable to recede from his own choice, so he is not unrighteous to cast off one that served him. Two things encourage the psalmist to build his faith on this covenant: — [1.] The ratification of it; it was confirmed with an oath: The Lord has sworn, and he will not repent. [2.] The perpetuity of it; the blessings of the covenant were not only secured to David himself, but were entailed on his family; it was promised that his family should continue — Thy seed will I establish for ever, so that David shall not want a son to reign (Jeremiah 33:20, Jeremiah 33:21); and that it should continue a royal family — I will build up thy throne to all generations, to all the generations of time. This has its accomplishment only in Christ, of the seed of David, who lives for ever, to whom God has given the throne of his father David, and of the increase of whose government and peace there shall be no end. Of this covenant the psalmist will return to speak more largely, Psalms 89:19, etc.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 89:1

Sing — He prefaces this, lest the following complainers of present miseries should argue ingratitude for former mercies. Faithfulness — Whatsoever hath befallen us, it proceeded not from thy unfaithfulness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 89:1

"Maschil of Ethan the Ezrahite." I will (a) sing of the mercies of the LORD for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations.

(a) Though the horrible confusion of things might cause them to despair of God's favour, yet the manifold examples of his mercies cause them to trust in God though to man's judgment they saw no reason to.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Kings 4:31 For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about.
1 Chronicles 2:6 And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.

I will:

Psalms 86:12-13 I will praise thee, O Lord my God, with all my heart: and I will glorify thy name for evermore. ... For great [is] thy mercy toward me: and thou hast delivered my soul from the lowest hell.
Psalms 101:1 [[A Psalm of David.]] I will sing of mercy and judgment: unto thee, O LORD, will I sing.
Psalms 106:1 Praise ye the LORD. O give thanks unto the LORD; for [he is] good: for his mercy [endureth] for ever.
Psalms 136:1-26 O give thanks unto the LORD; for [he is] good: for his mercy [endureth] for ever. ... O give thanks unto the God of heaven: for his mercy [endureth] for ever.


Psalms 40:9-10 I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: lo, I have not refrained my lips, O LORD, thou knowest. ... I have not hid thy righteousness within my heart; I have declared thy faithfulness and thy salvation: I have not concealed thy lovingkindness and thy truth from the great congregation.
Psalms 71:8 Let my mouth be filled [with] thy praise [and with] thy honour all the day.
Psalms 71:15-19 My mouth shall shew forth thy righteousness [and] thy salvation all the day; for I know not the numbers [thereof]. ... Thy righteousness also, O God, [is] very high, who hast done great things: O God, who [is] like unto thee!

thy faithfulness:

Psalms 89:5 And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O LORD: thy faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints.
Psalms 89:8 O LORD God of hosts, who [is] a strong LORD like unto thee? or to thy faithfulness round about thee?
Psalms 89:33 Nevertheless my lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail.
Psalms 89:49 Lord, where [are] thy former lovingkindnesses, [which] thou swarest unto David in thy truth?
Psalms 36:5 Thy mercy, O LORD, [is] in the heavens; [and] thy faithfulness [reacheth] unto the clouds.
Psalms 92:2 To shew forth thy lovingkindness in the morning, and thy faithfulness every night,
Isaiah 25:1 O LORD, thou [art] my God; I will exalt thee, I will praise thy name; for thou hast done wonderful [things; thy] counsels of old [are] faithfulness [and] truth.
Lamentations 3:23 [They are] new every morning: great [is] thy faithfulness.
Micah 7:20 Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, [and] the mercy to Abraham, which thou hast sworn unto our fathers from the days of old.
Titus 1:2 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;

all generations:
Heb. generation and generation,
Psalms 89:4 Thy seed will I establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations. Selah.
Psalms 119:90 Thy faithfulness [is] unto all generations: thou hast established the earth, and it abideth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 4:31. 1Ch 2:6. Ps 36:5; 40:9; 71:8, 15; 86:12; 89:4, 5, 8, 33, 49; 92:2; 101:1; 106:1; 119:90; 136:1. Is 25:1. Lm 3:23. Mi 7:20. Tit 1:2.

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