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Psalms 85:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[For the Chief Musician. A Psalm of the sons of Korah.]] Jehovah, thou hast been favorable unto thy land; Thou hast brought back the captivity of Jacob.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm for the sons of Korah.]] LORD, thou hast been favourable unto thy land: thou hast brought back the captivity of Jacob.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[For the choir director. A Psalm of the sons of Korah.]] O LORD, You showed favor to Your land; You restored the captivity of Jacob.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm for the sons of Korah.]] LORD, thou hast been favorable to thy land: thou hast brought back the captivity of Jacob.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[To the chief Musician. Of the sons of Korah. A Psalm.]] Thou hast been favourable, Jehovah, unto thy land; thou hast turned the captivity of Jacob:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[To the Chief Musician. For the Sons of Korah. A Melody.]] Thou hast accepted, O Yahweh, thy land, Thou hast brought back the captives of Jacob;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To the Overseer.—By sons of Korah. A Psalm. Thou hast accepted, O Jehovah, Thy land, Thou hast turned [to] the captivity of Jacob.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Unto the end, for the sons of Core, a psalm. Lord, thou hast blessed thy land: thou hast turned away the captivity of Jacob.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[To the chiefe musician, a Psalme for the sonnes of Korah.]] LORD, thou hast bene fauourable vnto thy land: thou hast brought backe the captiuity of Iacob.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[For the end, a Psalm for the sons of Korah{gr.Core}.]] O Lord, thou has taken pleasure in thy land: thou hast turned back the captivity of Jacob.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm for the sons of Qorach.]] Yahweh, thou hast been favourable unto thy land: thou hast brought back the captivity of Yaaqov.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[To the chief Musician, 5329
{5329} Prime
נָצַח
natsach
{naw-tsakh'}
A primitive root; properly to glitter from afar, that is, to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from H5331), to be permanent.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
A Psalm 4210
{4210} Prime
מִזְמוֹר
mizmowr
{miz-more'}
From H2167; properly instrumental music; by implication a poem set to notes.
for the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Kra קֹרַח.]] 7141
{7141} Prime
קֹרַח
Qorach
{ko'-rakh}
From H7139; ice; Korach, the name of two Edomites and three Israelites.
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
thou hast been favourable 7521
{7521} Prime
רָצָה
ratsah
{raw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to be pleased with; specifically to satisfy a debt.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
unto thy land: 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
thou hast brought back 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the captivity 7622
{7622} Prime
שְׁבוּת
sh@buwth
{sheb-ooth'}
From H7617; exile; concretely prisoners; figuratively a former state of prosperity.
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
of Ya`kv יַעֲקֹב. 3290
{3290} Prime
יַעֲקֹב
Ya`aqob
{yah-ak-obe'}
From H6117; heel catcher (that is, supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 85:1

_ _ Psalms 85:1-13. On the ground of former mercies, the Psalmist prays for renewed blessings, and, confidently expecting them, rejoices.

_ _ captivity — not necessarily the Babylonian, but any great evil (Psalms 14:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 85:1-7

_ _ The church, in affliction and distress, is here, by direction from God, making her application to God. So ready is God to hear and answer the prayers of his people that by his Spirit in the word, and in the heart, he indites their petitions and puts words into their mouths. The people of God, in a very low and weak condition, are here taught how to address themselves to God.

_ _ I. They are to acknowledge with thankfulness the great things God had done for them (Psalms 85:1-3): “Thou has done so and so for us and our fathers.” Note, The sense of present afflictions should not drown the remembrance of former mercies; but, even when we are brought very low, we must call to remembrance past experiences of God's goodness, which we must take notice of with thankfulness, to his praise. They speak of it here with pleasure, 1. That God had shown himself propitious to their land, and had smiled upon it as his own: “Thou hast been favourable to thy land, as thine, with distinguishing favours.” Note, The favour of God is the spring-head of all good, and the fountain of happiness, to nations, as well as to particular persons. It was by the favour of God that Israel got and kept possession of Canaan (Psalms 44:3); and, if he had not continued very favourable to them, they would have been ruined many a time. 2. That he had rescued them out of the hands of their enemies and restored them to their liberty: “Thou hast brought back the captivity of Jacob, and settled those in their own land again that had been driven out and were strangers in a strange land, prisoners in the land of their oppressors.” The captivity of Jacob, though it may continue long, will be brought back in due time. 3. That he had not dealt with them according to the desert of their provocations (Psalms 85:2): “Thou hast forgiven the iniquity of thy people, and not punished them as in justice thou mightest. Thou hast covered all their sin.” When God forgives sin he covers it; and, when he covers the sin of his people, he covers it all. The bringing back of their captivity was then an instance of God's favour to them, when it was accompanied with the pardon of their iniquity. 4. That he had not continued his anger against them so far, and so long, as they had reason to fear (Psalms 85:3): “Having covered all their sin, thou hast taken away all thy wrath;” for when sin is set aside God's anger ceases; God is pacified if we are purified. See what the pardon of sin is: Thou hast forgiven the iniquity of thy people, that is, “Thou hast turned thy anger from waxing hot, so as to consume us in the flame of it. In compassion to us thou hast not stirred up all thy wrath, but, when an intercessor has stood before thee in the gap, thou hast turned away thy anger.”

_ _ II. They are taught to pray to God for grace and mercy, in reference to their present distress; this is inferred from the former: “Thou hast done well for our fathers; do well for us, for we are the children of the same covenant.” 1. They pray for converting grace: “Turn us, O God of our salvation! in order to the turning of our captivity; turn us from iniquity; turn us to thyself and to our duty; turn us, and we shall be turned.” All those whom God will save sooner or later he will turn. If no conversion, no salvation. 2. They pray for the removal of the tokens of God's displeasure which they were under: “Cause thine anger towards us to cease, as thou didst many a time cause it to cease in the days of our fathers, when thou didst take away thy wrath from them.” Observe the method, “First turn us to thee, and then cause thy anger to turn from us.” When we are reconciled to God, then, and not till then, we may expect the comfort of his being reconciled to us. 3. They pray for the manifestation of God's good-will to them (Psalms 85:7): “Show us thy mercy, O Lord! show thyself merciful to us; not only have mercy on us, but let us have the comfortable evidences of that mercy; let us know that thou hast mercy on us and mercy in store for us.” 4. They pray that God would, graciously to them and gloriously to himself, appear on their behalf: “Grant us thy salvation; grant it by thy promise, and then, no doubt, thou wilt work it by thy providence.” Note, The vessels of God's mercy are the heirs of his salvation; he shows mercy to those to whom he grants salvation; for salvation is of mere mercy.

_ _ III. They are taught humbly to expostulate with God concerning their present troubles, Psalms 85:5, Psalms 85:6. Here observe, 1. What they dread and deprecate: “Wilt thou be angry with us for ever? We are undone if thou art, but we hope thou wilt not. Wilt thou draw out thy anger unto all generations? No; thou art gracious, slow to anger, and swift to show mercy, and wilt not contend for ever. Thou wast not angry with our fathers for ever, but didst soon turn thyself from the fierceness of thy wrath; why then wilt thou be angry with us for ever? Are not thy mercies and compassions as plentiful and powerful as ever they were? Impenitent sinners God will be angry with for ever; for what is hell but the wrath of God drawn out unto endless generations? But shall a hell upon earth be the lot of thy people?” 2. What they desire and hope for: “Wilt thou not revive us again (Psalms 85:6), revive us with comforts spoken to us, revive us with deliverances wrought for us? Thou hast been favourable to thy land formerly, and that revived it; wilt thou not again be favourable, and so revive it again?” God had granted to the children of the captivity some reviving in their bondage, Ezra 9:8. Their return out of Babylon was as life from the dead, Ezekiel 37:11, Ezekiel 37:12. Now, Lord (say they), wilt thou not revive us again, and put thy hand again the second time to gather us in? Isaiah 11:11; Psalms 126:1, Psalms 126:4. Revive thy work in the midst of the years, Habakkuk 3:2. “Revive us again,” (1.) “That thy people may rejoice; and so we shall have the comfort of it,” Psalms 14:7. Give them life, that they may have joy. (2.) “That they may rejoice in thee; and so thou wilt have the glory of it.” If God be the fountain of all our mercies, he must be the centre of all our joys.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 85:1

Captivity — The captives.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 85:1

"To the chief Musician, A Psalm for the sons of Korah." LORD, thou hast been (a) favourable unto thy land: thou hast brought back the captivity of Jacob.

(a) They confess that God's free mercy was the cause of their deliverance because he loved the land which he had chosen.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
LORD[YHWH]:

Leviticus 26:42 Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the land.
Joel 2:18 Then will the LORD be jealous for his land, and pity his people.
Zechariah 1:16 Therefore thus saith the LORD; I am returned to Jerusalem with mercies: my house shall be built in it, saith the LORD of hosts, and a line shall be stretched forth upon Jerusalem.

favourable unto:
or, well pleased with,
Psalms 77:7 Will the Lord cast off for ever? and will he be favourable no more?

thou hast:

Psalms 14:7 Oh that the salvation of Israel [were come] out of Zion! when the LORD bringeth back the captivity of his people, Jacob shall rejoice, [and] Israel shall be glad.
Psalms 126:1-2 [[A Song of degrees.]] When the LORD turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them that dream. ... Then was our mouth filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing: then said they among the heathen, The LORD hath done great things for them.
Ezra 1:11 All the vessels of gold and of silver [were] five thousand and four hundred. All [these] did Sheshbazzar bring up with [them of] the captivity that were brought up from Babylon unto Jerusalem.
Ezra 2:1 Now these [are] the children of the province that went up out of the captivity, of those which had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away unto Babylon, and came again unto Jerusalem and Judah, every one unto his city;
Jeremiah 30:18 Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will bring again the captivity of Jacob's tents, and have mercy on his dwellingplaces; and the city shall be builded upon her own heap, and the palace shall remain after the manner thereof.
Jeremiah 31:23 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; As yet they shall use this speech in the land of Judah and in the cities thereof, when I shall bring again their captivity; The LORD bless thee, O habitation of justice, [and] mountain of holiness.
Ezekiel 39:25 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Now will I bring again the captivity of Jacob, and have mercy upon the whole house of Israel, and will be jealous for my holy name;
Joel 3:1 For, behold, in those days, and in that time, when I shall bring again the captivity of Judah and Jerusalem,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:42. Ezr 1:11; 2:1. Ps 14:7; 77:7; 126:1. Jr 30:18; 31:23. Ezk 39:25. Jol 2:18; 3:1. Zc 1:16.

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