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Psalms 80:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[For the Chief Musician; set to Shoshannim Eduth. A Psalm of Asaph.]] Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, Thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; Thou that sittest [above] the cherubim, shine forth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[To the chief Musician upon Shoshannimeduth, A Psalm of Asaph.]] Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest [between] the cherubims, shine forth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[For the choir director; [set to] El Shoshannim; Eduth. A Psalm of Asaph.]] Oh, give ear, Shepherd of Israel, You who lead Joseph like a flock; You who are enthroned [above] the cherubim, shine forth!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim Eduth, A Psalm of Asaph.]] Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest [between] the cherubim, shine forth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[To the chief Musician. On Shoshannim-Eduth. Of Asaph. A Psalm.]] Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that sittest [between] the cherubim, shine forth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[To the Chief Musician. For "the Lilies of Testimony." Asaph's. A Melody.]] O Shepherd of Israel, give ear, Thou who leddest forth Joseph like a rock, Thou who art throned on the cherubim, appear!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To the Overseer.—'On the Lilies.' A testimony of Asaph.—A Psalm. Shepherd of Israel, give ear, Leading Joseph as a flock, Inhabiting the cherubs—shine forth,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Unto the end, for them that shall be changed, a testimony for Asaph, a psalm. Give ear, O thou that rulest Israel: thou that leadest Joseph like a sheep. Thou that sittest upon the cherubims, shine forth
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[To the chiefe Musician vpon Shoshannim Eduth, A Psalme of Asaph.]] Giue eare, O shepheard of Israel, thou that leadest Ioseph like a flocke, thou that dwellest [betweene] the Cherubims, shine forth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[For the end, for alternate [strains], a testimony for Asaph, a Psalm concerning the Assyrian.]] Attend, O Shepherd of Israel, who guidest Joseph like a flock; thou who sittest upon the cherubs, manifest thyself;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim Eduth, A Psalm of Asaf.]] Give ear, O Shepherd of Yisrael, thou that leadest Yosef like a flock; thou that dwellest [between] the cherubims, shine forth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[To the chief Musician 5329
{5329} Prime
נָצַח
natsach
{naw-tsakh'}
A primitive root; properly to glitter from afar, that is, to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from H5331), to be permanent.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
upon x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
annm ` שֹׁשַׁנִּים־עֵדוּת, 7802
{7802} Prime
שׁוּשַׁן עֵדוּת
Shuwshan `Eduwth
{shoo-shan' ay-dooth'}
The second form being plural; from H7799 and H5715; lily (or trumpet) of assemblage; Shushan Eduth or Shoshannim Eduth, the title of a popular song.
A Psalm 4210
{4210} Prime
מִזְמוֹר
mizmowr
{miz-more'}
From H2167; properly instrumental music; by implication a poem set to notes.
of sf אָסָף.]] 623
{0623} Prime
אָסָף
'Acaph
{aw-sawf'}
From H0622; collector; Asaph, the name of three Israelites, and of the family of the first.
Give ear, 238
{0238} Prime
אָזַן
'azan
{aw-zan'}
A primitive root; probably to expand; but used only as a denominative from H0241; to broaden out the ear (with the hand), that is, (by implication) to listen.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
O Shepherd 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
thou that leadest 5090
{5090} Prime
נָהַג
nahag
{naw-hag'}
A primitive root; to drive forth (a person, an animal or chariot), that is, lead, carry away; reflexively to proceed (that is, impel or guide oneself); also (from the panting induced by effort), to sigh.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Ysf יוֹסֵף 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
like a flock; 6629
{6629} Prime
צֹאן
tso'n
{tsone}
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
thou that dwellest 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[between] the cherubims, 3742
{3742} Prime
כְּרוּב
k@ruwb
{ker-oob'}
Of uncertain derivation; a cherub or imaginary figure.
shine forth. 3313
{3313} Prime
יָפַע
yapha`
{yaw-fah'}
A primitive root; to shine.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 80:1-2

_ _ Psalms 80:1-19. Shoshannim — “Lilies” (see on Psalms 45:1, title). Eduth — Testimony, referring to the topic as a testimony of God to His people (compare Psalms 19:7). This Psalm probably relates to the captivity of the ten tribes, as the former to that of Judah. Its complaint is aggravated by the contrast of former prosperity, and the prayer for relief occurs as a refrain through the Psalm.

_ _ Joseph — for Ephraim (1 Chronicles 7:20-29; Psalms 78:67; Revelation 7:8), for Israel.

_ _ Shepherd — (Compare Genesis 49:24).

_ _ leadest, etc. — (Psalms 77:20).

_ _ dwellest ... cherubim — (Exodus 25:20); the place of God’s visible glory, whence He communed with the people (Hebrews 9:5).

_ _ shine forth — appear (Psalms 50:2; Psalms 94:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 80:1-7

_ _ The psalmist here, in the name of the church, applies to God by prayer, with reference to the present afflicted state of Israel.

_ _ I. He entreats God's favour for them (Psalms 80:1, Psalms 80:2); that is all in all to the sanctuary when it is desolate, and is to be sought in the first place. Observe, 1. How he eyes God in his address as the Shepherd of Israel, whom he had called the sheep of his pasture (Psalms 79:13), under whose guidance and care Israel was, as the sheep are under the care and conduct of the shepherd. Christ is the great and good Shepherd, to whom we may in faith commit the custody of his sheep that were given to him. He leads Joseph like a flock, to the best pastures, and out of the way of danger; if Joseph follow him not as obsequiously as the sheep do the shepherd, it is his own fault. He dwells between the cherubim, where he is ready to receive petitions and to give directions. The mercy-seat was between the cherubim; and it is very comfortable in prayer to look up to God as sitting on a throne of grace, and that it is so to us is owning to the great propitiation, for the mercy-seat was the propitiatory. 2. What he expects and desires from God, that he would give ear to the cry of their miseries and of their prayers, that he would shine forth both in his own glory and in favour and kindness to his people, that he would show himself and smile on them, that he would sir up his strength, that he would excite it and exert it. It had seemed to slumber: “Lord, awaken it.” His cause met with great opposition and the enemies threatened to overpower it: “Lord, put forth thy strength so much the more, and come for salvation to us; be to thy people a powerful help and a present help; Lord, do this before Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasseh,” that is, “In the sight of all the tribes of Israel; let them see it to their satisfaction.” Perhaps these three tribes are named because they were the tribes which formed that squadron of the camp of Israel that in their march through the wilderness followed next after the tabernacle; so that before them the ark of God's strength rose to scatter their enemies.

_ _ II. He complains of God's displeasure against them. God was angry, and he dreads that more than any thing, Psalms 80:4. 1. It was great anger. He apprehended that God was angry against the prayer of his people, not only that he was angry notwithstanding their prayers, by which they hoped to turn away his wrath from them, but that he was angry with their prayers, though they were his own people that prayed. That God should be angry at the sins of his people and at the prayers of his enemies is not strange; but that he should be angry at the prayers of his people is strange indeed. He not only delayed to answer them (that he often does in love), but he was displeased at them. If he be really angry at the prayers of his people, we may be sure it is because they ask amiss, James 4:3. They pray, but they do not wrestle in prayer; their ends are not right, or there is some secret sin harboured and indulged in them; they do not lift up pure hands, or they lift them up with wrath and doubting. But perhaps it is only in their own apprehension; he seems angry with their prayers when really he is not; for thus he will try their patience and perseverance in prayer, as Christ tried the woman of Canaan when he said, It is not meet to take the children's bread and cast it to dogs. 2. It was anger that had continued a great while: “How long wilt thou be angry? We have still continued praying and yet are still under thy frowns.” Now the tokens of God's displeasure which they had been long under were both their sorrow and shame. (1.) Their sorrow (Psalms 80:5): Thou feedest them with the bread of tears; they eat their meat from day to day in tears; this is the vinegar in which they dipped their morsel, Psalms 42:3. They had tears given them to drink, not now and then a taste of that bitter cup, but in great measure. Note, There are many that spend their time in sorrow who yet shall spend their eternity in joy. (2.) It was their shame, Psalms 80:6. God, by frowning upon them, made them a strife unto their neighbours; each strove which should expose them most, and such a cheap and easy prey were they made to them that all the strife was who should have the stripping and plundering of them. Their enemies laughed among themselves to see the frights they were in, the straits they were reduced to, and the disappointments they met with. When God is displeased with his people we must expect to see them in tears and their enemies in triumph.

_ _ III. He prays earnestly for converting grace in order to their acceptance with God, and their salvation: Turn us again, O God! Psalms 80:3. Turn us again, O God of hosts! (Psalms 80:7) and then cause thy face to shine and we shall be saved. It is the burden of the song, for we have it again, Psalms 80:19. They are conscious to themselves that they have gone astray from God and their duty, and have turned aside into sinful ways, and that it was this that provoked God to hide his face from them and to give them up into the hand of their enemies; and therefore they desire to begin their work at the right end: “Lord, turn us to thee in a way of repentance and reformation, and then, no doubt, thou wilt return to us in a way of mercy and deliverance.” Observe, 1. No salvation but from God's favour: “Cause thy face to shine, let us have thy love and the light of thy countenance, and then we shall be saved.” 2. No obtaining favour with God unless we be converted to him. We must turn again to God from the world and the flesh, and then he will cause his face to shine upon us. 3. No conversion to God but by his own grace; we must frame our doings to turn to him (Hosea 5:4) and then pray earnestly for his grace, Turn thou me, and I shall be turned, pleading that gracious promise (Proverbs 1:23), Burn you at my reproof; behold, I will pour out my Spirit unto you. The prayer here is for a national conversion; in this method we must pray for national mercies, that what is amiss may be amended, and then our grievances would be soon redressed. National holiness would secure national happiness.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 80:1

Joseph — The children of Joseph or Israel. The name of Joseph, the most eminent of the patriarchs, is elsewhere put for all the tribes. Cherubim — Which were by the mercy seat above the ark.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 80:1

"To the chief Musician upon Shoshannimeduth, A Psalm of Asaph." Give ear, (a) O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest [between] the (b) cherubims, shine forth.

(a) This Psalm was made as a prayer to desire God to be merciful to the ten tribes.

(b) Move their hearts, that they may return to worship God properly, that is, in the place you have appointed.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
A Psalm:
This Psalm is generally supposed to have been written during the Babylonian captivity; but some think it refers to the desolations made by Sennacherib.

of Asaph:
or, for Asaph

Give ear:

Psalms 5:1 [[To the chief Musician upon Nehiloth, A Psalm of David.]] Give ear to my words, O LORD, consider my meditation.
Psalms 55:1 [[To the chief Musician on Neginoth, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David.]] Give ear to my prayer, O God; and hide not thyself from my supplication.

O Shepherd:

Psalms 23:1-2 [[A Psalm of David.]] The LORD [is] my shepherd; I shall not want. ... He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.
Isaiah 40:11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry [them] in his bosom, [and] shall gently lead those that are with young.
Ezekiel 34:23 And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, [even] my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.
John 10:14 I am the good shepherd, and know my [sheep], and am known of mine.
Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant,
1 Peter 2:25 For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.
1 Peter 5:4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.

leadest:

Psalms 77:20 Thou leddest thy people like a flock by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
Psalms 78:52 But made his own people to go forth like sheep, and guided them in the wilderness like a flock.
Isaiah 49:9-10 That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that [are] in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures [shall be] in all high places. ... They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.
Isaiah 63:11 Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, [and] his people, [saying], Where [is] he that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where [is] he that put his holy Spirit within him?
John 10:3-4 To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out. ... And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.

dwellest:

Psalms 99:1 The LORD reigneth; let the people tremble: he sitteth [between] the cherubims; let the earth be moved.
Exodus 25:20-22 And the cherubims shall stretch forth [their] wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces [shall look] one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be. ... And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which [are] upon the ark of the testimony, of all [things] which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.
1 Samuel 4:4 So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth [between] the cherubims: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, [were] there with the ark of the covenant of God.
2 Samuel 6:2 And David arose, and went with all the people that [were] with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth [between] the cherubims.
2 Kings 19:15 And Hezekiah prayed before the LORD, and said, O LORD God of Israel, which dwellest [between] the cherubims, thou art the God, [even] thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; thou hast made heaven and earth.
Ezekiel 1:13 As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance [was] like burning coals of fire, [and] like the appearance of lamps: it went up and down among the living creatures; and the fire was bright, and out of the fire went forth lightning.
Ezekiel 10:4 Then the glory of the LORD went up from the cherub, [and stood] over the threshold of the house; and the house was filled with the cloud, and the court was full of the brightness of the LORD'S glory.

shine:

Psalms 80:3 Turn us again, O God, and cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved.
Psalms 80:7 Turn us again, O God of hosts, and cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved.
Psalms 80:19 Turn us again, O LORD God of hosts, cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved.
Psalms 50:2 Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God hath shined.
Psalms 94:1 O LORD God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, shew thyself.
Deuteronomy 33:2 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them.
Job 10:3 [Is it] good unto thee that thou shouldest oppress, that thou shouldest despise the work of thine hands, and shine upon the counsel of the wicked?
Isaiah 60:1 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee.
Ezekiel 43:2 And, behold, the glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east: and his voice [was] like a noise of many waters: and the earth shined with his glory.
Daniel 9:17 Now therefore, O our God, hear the prayer of thy servant, and his supplications, and cause thy face to shine upon thy sanctuary that is desolate, for the Lord's sake.
Revelation 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb [is] the light thereof.
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Ex 25:20. Dt 33:2. 1S 4:4. 2S 6:2. 2K 19:15. Jb 10:3. Ps 5:1; 23:1; 50:2; 55:1; 77:20; 78:52; 80:3, 7, 19; 94:1; 99:1. Is 40:11; 49:9; 60:1; 63:11. Ezk 1:13; 10:4; 34:23; 43:2. Dn 9:17. Jn 10:3, 14. He 13:20. 1P 2:25; 5:4. Rv 21:23.

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