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Psalms 8:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For thou hast made him but little lower than God, And crownest him with glory and honor.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Yet You have made him a little lower than God, And You crown him with glory and majesty!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honor.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and splendour.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— That thou shouldst make him little less than messengers of God, with glory and honour, shouldst crown him?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And causest him to lack a little of Godhead, And with honour and majesty compassest him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou hast made him a little less than the angels, thou hast crowned him with glory and honour:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For thou hast made him a little lower then the Angels; and hast crowned him with glory and honour.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou madest him a little less than angels, thou hast crowned him with glory and honour;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For thou hast made him a little lower than the elohim, and hast crowned him with glory and honour.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For thou hast made him a little y4592
[4592] Standard
מְעַט
m@`at
{meh-at'}
From H4591; a little or few (often adverbial or comparative).
lower 2637
{2637} Prime
חָסֵר
chacer
{khaw-sare'}
A primitive root; to lack; by implication to fail, want, lessen.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x4592
(4592) Complement
מְעַט
m@`at
{meh-at'}
From H4591; a little or few (often adverbial or comparative).
than the lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and hast crowned 5849
{5849} Prime
עָטַר
`atar
{aw-tar'}
A primitive root; to encircle (for attack or protection); especially to crown (literally or figuratively).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
him with glory 3519
{3519} Prime
כָּבוֹד
kabowd
{kaw-bode'}
From H3513; properly weight; but only figuratively in a good sense, splendor or copiousness.
and honour. 1926
{1926} Prime
הָדָר
hadar
{haw-dawr'}
From H1921; magnificence, that is, ornament or splendor.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 8:5-8

_ _ God has placed man next in dignity to angels, and but a little lower, and has crowned him with the empire of the world.

_ _ glory and honour — are the attributes of royal dignity (Psalms 21:5; Psalms 45:3). The position assigned man is that described (Genesis 1:26-28) as belonging to Adam, in his original condition, the terms employed in detailing the subjects of man’s dominion corresponding with those there used. In a modified sense, in his present fallen state, man is still invested with some remains of this original dominion. It is very evident, however, by the apostle’s inspired expositions (Hebrews 2:6-8; 1 Corinthians 15:27, 1 Corinthians 15:28) that the language here employed finds its fulfillment only in the final exaltation of Christ’s human nature. There is no limit to the “all things” mentioned, God only excepted, who “puts all things under.” Man, in the person and glorious destiny of Jesus of Nazareth, the second Adam, the head and representative of the race, will not only be restored to his original position, but exalted far beyond it. “The last enemy, death,” through fear of which, man, in his present estate, is “all his lifetime in bondage” [Hebrews 2:15], “shall be destroyed” [1 Corinthians 15:26]. Then all things will have been put under his feet, “principalities and powers being made subject to him” [1 Peter 3:22]. This view, so far from being alien from the scope of the passage, is more consistent than any other; for man as a race cannot well be conceived to have a higher honor put upon him than to be thus exalted in the person and destiny of Jesus of Nazareth. And at the same time, by no other of His glorious manifestations has God more illustriously declared those attributes which distinguish His name than in the scheme of redemption, of which this economy forms such an important and essential feature. In the generic import of the language, as describing man’s present relation to the works of God’s hands, it may be regarded as typical, thus allowing not only the usual application, but also this higher sense which the inspired writers of the New Testament have assigned it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 8:3-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 8:5

For — Thou hast in Christ mercifully restored man to his primitive estate, wherein he was but one remove below the angels; from which he was fallen by sin. Crowned — Man, fallen and lost man: who is actually restored to glory and dominion in Christ his head and representative, who received this crown and dominion for man's good, and in his stead; which he will in due time communicate to his members. And so the two expositions of this place concerning mankind and concerning Christ, may be reconciled. For he speaks of that honourable estate conferred first upon Christ, and then by his hands upon mankind. But the words more literally rendered are, Thou madest him a little less than God. And hence some have inferred, that man in his original state was the highest of all creatures.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 8:5

For thou hast made him a little lower than the (c) angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour.

(c) Concerning his first creation.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thou:

Psalms 103:20 Bless the LORD, ye his angels, that excel in strength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his word.
Genesis 1:26-27 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. ... So God created man in his [own] image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
2 Samuel 14:29 Therefore Absalom sent for Joab, to have sent him to the king; but he would not come to him: and when he sent again the second time, he would not come.
Job 4:18-20 Behold, he put no trust in his servants; and his angels he charged with folly: ... They are destroyed from morning to evening: they perish for ever without any regarding [it].
Philippians 2:7-8 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: ... And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
Hebrews 2:7 Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands:
Hebrews 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.
Hebrews 2:16 For verily he took not on [him the nature of] angels; but he took on [him] the seed of Abraham.

hast:

Psalms 21:3-5 For thou preventest him with the blessings of goodness: thou settest a crown of pure gold on his head. ... His glory [is] great in thy salvation: honour and majesty hast thou laid upon him.
Psalms 45:1-3 [[To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim, for the sons of Korah, Maschil, A Song of loves.]] My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue [is] the pen of a ready writer. ... Gird thy sword upon [thy] thigh, O [most] mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty.
Psalms 45:6 Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom [is] a right sceptre.
John 13:31-32 Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus said, Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him. ... If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify him in himself, and shall straightway glorify him.
Ephesians 1:21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
Philippians 2:9-11 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: ... And [that] every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.
1 Peter 1:20-21 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you, ... Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 1:26; 2:7. 2S 14:29. Jb 4:18. Ps 21:3; 45:1, 6; 103:20. Jn 13:31. Ep 1:21. Php 2:7, 9. He 2:7, 9, 16. 1P 1:20.

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