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Psalms 8:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— What is man, that thou art mindful of him? And the son of man, that thou visitest him?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— What is man that You take thought of him, And the son of man that You care for him?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— What was weak man, that thou shouldst make mention of him? or the son of the earthborn, that thou shouldst set him in charge?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— What [is] man that Thou rememberest him? The son of man that Thou inspectest him?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— What [is] man, that thou art mindfull of him? and the sonne of man, that thou visitest him?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
What x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
is man, 582
{0582} Prime
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
thou art mindful 2142
{2142} Prime
זָכַר
zakar
{zaw-kar'}
A primitive root; properly to mark (so as to be recognized), that is, to remember; by implication to mention; also (as denominative from H2145) to be male.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
of him? and the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of man, 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
thou visitest 6485
{6485} Prime
פָּקַד
paqad
{paw-kad'}
A primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him?
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 8:3-4.


Psalms 8:4

_ _ man — literally, “frail man,” an allusion to his essential infirmity.

_ _ son of man — only varies the form of speech.

_ _ visitest — in favor (Psalms 65:10). This favor is now more fully illustrated.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 8:3-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 8:4

What is man — How mean and inconsiderable a thing is man, if compared with thy glorious majesty. Man — Heb. infirm, or miserable man. By which it is apparent that he speaks of man, not according to the state of his creation, but as fallen into a state of sin and misery, and mortality. Mindful — Carest for him, and conferest such high favours upon him. The son — Heb. the son of Adam, that great apostate from God, the sinful son of a sinful father, his son by likeness of disposition and manners, no less than by procreation. All which tends to magnify the following mercy. Visitest — Not in anger, as that word is sometimes used, but with thy grace and mercy.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 8:4

What is (b) man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

(b) It was sufficient for him to have set forth his glory by the heavens, though he had not come so low as to man who is but dust.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
What:

Psalms 144:3 LORD, what [is] man, that thou takest knowledge of him! [or] the son of man, that thou makest account of him!
2 Chronicles 6:18 But will God in very deed dwell with men on the earth? behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house which I have built!
Job 7:17 What [is] man, that thou shouldest magnify him? and that thou shouldest set thine heart upon him?
Job 25:6 How much less man, [that is] a worm? and the son of man, [which is] a worm?
Isaiah 40:17 All nations before him [are] as nothing; and they are counted to him less than nothing, and vanity.
Hebrews 2:6-9 But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him? ... But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.

son:

Psalms 4:2 O ye sons of men, how long [will ye turn] my glory into shame? [how long] will ye love vanity, [and] seek after leasing? Selah.
Psalms 80:17 Let thy hand be upon the man of thy right hand, upon the son of man [whom] thou madest strong for thyself.
Psalms 146:3 Put not your trust in princes, [nor] in the son of man, in whom [there is] no help.
Isaiah 51:12 I, [even] I, [am] he that comforteth you: who [art] thou, that thou shouldest be afraid of a man [that] shall die, and of the son of man [which] shall be made [as] grass;
Ezekiel 8:15 Then said he unto me, Hast thou seen [this], O son of man? turn thee yet again, [and] thou shalt see greater abominations than these.
Matthew 8:20 And Jesus saith unto him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air [have] nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay [his] head.

visitest:

Psalms 106:4 Remember me, O LORD, with the favour [that thou bearest unto] thy people: O visit me with thy salvation;
Genesis 21:1 And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did unto Sarah as he had spoken.
Exodus 4:31 And the people believed: and when they heard that the LORD had visited the children of Israel, and that he had looked upon their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshipped.
Luke 1:68 Blessed [be] the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people,
Luke 19:44 And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
1 Peter 2:12 Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by [your] good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 21:1. Ex 4:31. 2Ch 6:18. Jb 7:17; 25:6. Ps 4:2; 80:17; 106:4; 144:3; 146:3. Is 40:17; 51:12. Ezk 8:15. Mt 8:20. Lk 1:68; 19:44. He 2:6. 1P 2:12.

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