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Psalms 8:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[For the Chief Musician; set to the Gittith. A Psalm of David.]] O Jehovah, our Lord, How excellent is thy name in all the earth, Who hast set thy glory upon the heavens!
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of David.]] O LORD our Lord, how excellent [is] thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[For the choir director; on the Gittith. A Psalm of David.]] O LORD, our Lord, How majestic is Your name in all the earth, Who have displayed Your splendor above the heavens!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of David.]] O LORD our Lord, how excellent [is] thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[To the chief Musician. Upon the Gittith. A Psalm of David.]] Jehovah our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy majesty above the heavens.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[To the Chief Musician. On "the Gittith." A Melody of David.]] O Yahweh, our Lord! How majestic is thy Name, in all the earth, Who hast set thy splendour upon the heavens.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To the Overseer, 'On the Gittith.' A Psalm of David. Jehovah, our Lord, How honourable Thy name in all the earth! Who settest thine honour on the heavens.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Unto the end, for the presses: a psalm for David. O Lord, our Lord, how admirable is thy name in the whole earth! For thy magnificence is elevated above the heavens.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[To the chiefe Musicion vpon Gittith, a Psalme of Dauid.]] O LORD our Lord, how excellent [is] thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory aboue the heauens.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[For the end, concerning the wine-presses, a Psalm of David.]] O Lord, our Lord, how wonderful is thy name in all the earth! for thy magnificence is exalted above the heavens.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of Dawid.]] O Yahweh our Adonim, how excellent [is] thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[To the chief Musician 5329
{5329} Prime
נָצַח
natsach
{naw-tsakh'}
A primitive root; properly to glitter from afar, that is, to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from H5331), to be permanent.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Gitt גִּתִּית, 1665
{1665} Prime
גִּתִּית
Gittiyth
{ghit-teeth'}
Feminine of H1663; a Gittite harp.
A Psalm 4210
{4210} Prime
מִזְמוֹר
mizmowr
{miz-more'}
From H2167; properly instrumental music; by implication a poem set to notes.
of Dwi דָּוִד.]] 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
O Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
our nm אֲדֹנִים, 113
{0113} Prime
אָדוֹן
'adown
{aw-done'}
From an unused root (meaning to rule); sovereign, that is, controller (human or divine).
how x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
excellent 117
{0117} Prime
אַדִּיר
'addiyr
{ad-deer'}
From H0142; wide or (generally) large; figuratively powerful.
[is] thy name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
in all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the earth! 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
who x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
hast set 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
thy glory 1935
{1935} Prime
הוֹד
howd
{hode}
From an unused root; grandeur (that is, an imposing form and appearance).
above x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the heavens. 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 8:1

_ _ Psalms 8:1-9. Upon [or according to the] Gittith, probably means that the musical performance was directed to be according to a tune of that name; which, derived from Gath, a “wine-press,” denotes a tune (used in connection with gathering the vintage) of a joyous character. All the Psalms to which this term is prefixed [Psalms 8:1; Psalms 81:1; Psalms 84:1] are of such a character. The Psalmist gives vent to his admiration of God’s manifested perfections, by celebrating His condescending and beneficent providence to man as evinced by the position of the race, as originally created and assigned a dominion over the works of His hands.

_ _ thy name — perfections (Psalms 5:11; Psalms 7:17).

_ _ who hast set — literally, “which set Thou Thy glory,” etc., or “which glory of Thine set Thou,” etc., that is, make it more conspicuous as if earth were too small a theater for its display. A similar exposition suits the usual rendering.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 8:1-2

_ _ The psalmist here sets himself to give to God the glory due to his name. Dr. Hammond grounds a conjecture upon the title of this psalm concerning the occasion of penning it. It is said to be upon Gittith, which is generally taken for the tune, or musical instrument, with which this psalm was to be sung; but he renders it upon the Gittite, that is, Goliath the Gittite, whom he vanquished and slew (1 Sa. 17); that enemy was stilled by him who was, in comparison, but a babe and a suckling. The conjecture would be probable enough but that we find two other psalms with the same title, Ps. 81 and Psalms 84:1. Two things David here admires: —

_ _ I. How plainly God displays his glory himself, Psalms 8:1. He addresses himself to God with all humility and reverence, as the Lord and his people's Lord: O Lord our Lord! If we believe that God is the Lord, we must avouch and acknowledge him to be ours. He is ours, for he made us, protects us, and takes special care of us. He must be ours, for we are bound to obey him and submit to him; we must own the relation, not only when we come to pray to God, as a plea with him to show us mercy, but when we come to praise him, as an argument with ourselves to give him glory: and we shall never think we can do that with affection enough if we consider, 1. How brightly God's glory shines even in this lower world: How excellent is his name in all the earth! The works of creation and Providence evince and proclaim to all the world that there is an infinite Being, the fountain of all being, power, and perfection, the sovereign ruler, powerful protector, and bountiful benefactor of all the creatures. How great, how illustrious, how magnificent, is his name in all the earth! The light of it shines in men's faces every where (Romans 1:20); if they shut their eyes against it, that is their fault. There is no speech or language but the voice of God's name either is heard in it or may be. But this looks further, to the gospel of Christ, by which the name of God, as it is notified by divine revelation, which before was great in Israel only, came to be so in all the earth, the utmost ends of which have thus been made to see God's great salvation, Mark 16:15, Mark 16:16. 2. How much more brightly it shines in the upper world: Thou hast set thy glory above the heavens. (1.) God is infinitely more glorious and excellent than the noblest of creatures and those that shine most brightly. (2.) Whereas we, on this earth, only hear God's excellent name, and praise that, the angels and blessed spirits above see his glory, and praise that, and yet he is exalted far above even their blessing and praise. (3.) In the exaltation of the Lord Jesus to the right hand of God, who is the brightness of his Father's glory and the express image of his person, God set his glory above the heavens, far above all principalities and powers.

_ _ II. How powerfully he proclaims it by the weakest of his creatures (Psalms 8:2): Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength, or perfected praise, the praise of thy strength, Matthew 21:16. This intimates the glory of God, 1. In the kingdom of nature. The care God takes of little children (when they first come into the world the most helpless of all animals), the special protection they are under, and the provision nature has made for them, ought to be acknowledged by every one of us, to the glory of God, as a great instance of his power and goodness, and the more sensibly because we have all had the benefit of it, for to this we owe it that we died not from the womb, that the knees then prevented us, and the breasts, that we should suck. “This is such an instance of thy goodness, as may for ever put to silence the enemies of thy glory, who say, There is no God.” 2. In the kingdom of Providence. In the government of this lower world he makes use of the children of men, some that know him and others that do not (Isaiah 45:4), and these such as have been babes and sucklings; nay, sometimes he is pleased to serve his own purposes by the ministry of such as are still, in wisdom and strength, little better than babes and sucklings. 3. In the kingdom of grace, the kingdom of the Messiah. It is here foretold that by the apostles, who were looked upon but as babes, unlearned and ignorant men (Acts 4:13), mean and despicable, and by the foolishness of their preaching, the devil's kingdom should be thrown down as Jericho's walls were by the sound of rams' horns. The gospel is called the arm of the Lord and the rod of his strength; this was ordained to work wonders, not out of the mouth of philosophers or orators, politicians or statesmen, but of a company of poor fishermen, who lay under the greatest external disadvantages; yea, we hear children crying, Hosanna to the Son of David, when the chief priests and Pharisees owned him not, but despised and rejected him; to that therefore our Saviour applied this (Matthew 21:16) and by it stilled the enemy. Sometimes the grace of God appears wonderfully in young children, and he teaches those knowledge, and makes those to understand doctrine, who are but newly weaned from the milk and drawn from the breasts, Isaiah 28:9. Sometimes the power of God brings to pass great things in his church by very weak and unlikely instruments, and confounds the noble, wise, and mighty, by the base, and weak, and foolish things of the world, that no flesh may glory in his presence, but the excellency of the power may the more evidently appear to be of God, and not of man, 1 Corinthians 1:27, 1 Corinthians 1:28. This he does because of his enemies, because they are insolent and haughty, that he may still them, may put them to silence, and put them to shame, and so be justly avenged on the avengers; see Acts 4:14; Acts 6:10. The devil is the great enemy and avenger, and by the preaching of the gospel he was in a great measure stilled, his oracles were silenced, the advocates of his cause were confounded, and unclean spirits themselves were not suffered to speak.

_ _ In singing this let us give God the glory of his great name, and of the great things he has done by the power of his gospel, in the chariot of which the exalted Redeemer rides forth conquering and to conquer, and ought to be attended, not only with our praises, but with our best wishes. Praise is perfected (that is, God is in the highest degree glorified) when strength is ordained out of the mouth of babes and sucklings.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 8:1

In — Not only in Israel, but among all nations. Which shews that this psalm speaks of the Messiah, and the times of the New Testament. Heavens — Where thy throne of glory is established, where the blessed angels celebrate thy praises, where Christ sitteth at thy right hand in glorious majesty, from whence he poureth down excellent gifts upon babes.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
our:

Psalms 8:9 O LORD our Lord, how excellent [is] thy name in all the earth!
Psalms 63:1 [[A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.]] O God, thou [art] my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;
Psalms 145:1 [[David's [Psalm] of praise.]] I will extol thee, my God, O king; and I will bless thy name for ever and ever.
Isaiah 26:13 O LORD our God, [other] lords beside thee have had dominion over us: [but] by thee only will we make mention of thy name.
Matthew 22:45 If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?
John 20:28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.
Philippians 2:11 And [that] every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Philippians 3:8 Yea doubtless, and I count all things [but] loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them [but] dung, that I may win Christ,
Revelation 19:6 And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.

how:

Psalms 72:17-19 His name shall endure for ever: his name shall be continued as long as the sun: and [men] shall be blessed in him: all nations shall call him blessed. ... And blessed [be] his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be filled [with] his glory; Amen, and Amen.
Psalms 113:2-4 Blessed be the name of the LORD from this time forth and for evermore. ... The LORD [is] high above all nations, [and] his glory above the heavens.
Psalms 148:13 Let them praise the name of the LORD: for his name alone is excellent; his glory [is] above the earth and heaven.
Exodus 15:11 Who [is] like unto thee, O LORD, among the gods? who [is] like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful [in] praises, doing wonders?
Exodus 34:5-7 And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the LORD. ... Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear [the guilty]; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth [generation].
Deuteronomy 28:58 If thou wilt not observe to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, THE LORD THY GOD;
Song of Songs 5:16 His mouth [is] most sweet: yea, he [is] altogether lovely. This [is] my beloved, and this [is] my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem.

thy:

Psalms 36:5 Thy mercy, O LORD, [is] in the heavens; [and] thy faithfulness [reacheth] unto the clouds.
Psalms 57:10-11 For thy mercy [is] great unto the heavens, and thy truth unto the clouds. ... Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens: [let] thy glory [be] above all the earth.
Psalms 68:4 Sing unto God, sing praises to his name: extol him that rideth upon the heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice before him.
Psalms 108:4-5 For thy mercy [is] great above the heavens: and thy truth [reacheth] unto the clouds. ... Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens: and thy glory above all the earth;
1 Kings 8:27 But will God indeed dwell on the earth? behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house that I have builded?
Habakkuk 3:3 God came from Teman, and the Holy One from mount Paran. Selah. His glory covered the heavens, and the earth was full of his praise.
Ephesians 4:10 He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)
Philippians 2:9-10 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: ... That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [things] in heaven, and [things] in earth, and [things] under the earth;
Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, [who is] holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 15:11; 34:5. Dt 28:58. 1K 8:27. Ps 8:9; 36:5; 57:10; 63:1; 68:4; 72:17; 108:4; 113:2; 145:1; 148:13. So 5:16. Is 26:13. Hab 3:3. Mt 22:45. Jn 20:28. Ep 4:10. Php 2:9, 11; 3:8. He 7:26. Rv 19:6.

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