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Psalms 74:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Yet God is my King of old, Working salvation in the midst of the earth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For God [is] my King of old, working salvation in the midst of the earth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Yet God is my king from of old, Who works deeds of deliverance in the midst of the earth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For God [is] my King of old, working salvation in the midst of the earth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But God is my king of old, accomplishing deliverances in the midst of the earth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, God, hath been my king from aforetime, Working Deliverances in the midst of the earth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And God [is] my king of old, Working salvation in the midst of the earth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But God is our king before ages: he hath wrought salvation in the midst of the earth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For God [is] my King of old working saluation in the midst of the earth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But God is our King of old; he has wrought salvation in the midst of the earth.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For Elohim [is] my King of old, working salvation in the midst of the earth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
[is] my King 4428
{4428} Prime
From H4427; a king.
of old, 6924
{6924} Prime
From H6923; the front, of palce (absolutely the fore part, relatively the East) or time (antiquity); often used adverbially (before, anciently, eastward).
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
working 6466
{6466} Prime
A primitive root; to do or make (systematically and habitually), especially to practise.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
salvation 3444
{3444} Prime
Feminine passive participle of H3467; something saved, that is, (abstractly) deliverance; hence aid, victory, prosperity.
in the midst 7130
{7130} Prime
From H7126; properly the nearest part, that is, the centre, whether literally, figuratively or adverbially (especially with preposition).
of the earth. 776
{0776} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 74:12

_ _ For — literally, “And,” in an adversative sense.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 74:12-17

_ _ The lamenting church fastens upon something here which she calls to mind, and therefore hath she hope (as Lamentations 3:21), with which she encourages herself and silences her own complaints. Two things quiet the minds of those that are here sorrowing for the solemn assembly: —

_ _ I. That God is the God of Israel, a God in covenant with his people (Psalms 74:12): God is my King of old. This comes in both as a plea in prayer to God (Psalms 44:4, thou art my King, O God!) and as a prop to their own faith and hope, to encourage themselves to expect deliverance, considering the days of old, Psalms 77:5. The church speaks as a complex body, the same in every age, and therefore calls God, “My King, my King of old,” or, “from antiquity;” he of old put himself into that relation to them and appeared and acted for them in that relation. As Israel's King, he wrought salvation in the midst of the nations of the earth; for what he did, in the government of the world, tended towards the salvation of his church. Several things are here mentioned which God had done for his people as their King of old, which encouraged them to commit themselves to him and depend upon him.

_ _ 1. He had divided the sea before them when they came out of Egypt, not by the strength of Moses or his rod, but by his own strength; and he that could do that could do any thing.

_ _ 2. He had destroyed Pharaoh and the Egyptians. Pharaoh was the leviathan; the Egyptians were the dragons, fierce and cruel. Observe, (1.) The victory obtained over these enemies. God broke their heads, baffled their politics, as when Israel, the more they were afflicted by them, multiplied the more. God crushed their powers, though complicated, ruined their country by ten plagues, and at last drowned them all in the Red Sea. This is Pharaoh and all his multitude, Ezekiel 31:18. It was the Lord's doing; none besides could do it, and he did it with a strong hand and an outstretched arm. This was typical of Christ's victory over Satan and his kingdom, pursuant to the first promise, that the seed of the woman should break the serpent's head. (2.) The improvement of this victory for the encouragement of the church: Thou gavest him to be meat to the people of Israel, now going to inhabit the wilderness. The spoil of the Egyptians enriched them; they stripped their slain, and so got the Egyptians' arms and weapons, as before they had got their jewels. Or, rather, this providence was meat to their faith and hope, to support and encourage them in reference to the other difficulties they were likely to meet with in the wilderness. It was part of the spiritual meat which they were all made to eat of. Note, The breaking of the heads of the church's enemies is the joy and strength of the hearts of the church's friends. Thus the companions make a banquet even of leviathan, Job 41:6.

_ _ 3. God had both ways altered the course of nature, both in fetching streams out of the rock and turning streams into rock, Psalms 74:15. (1.) He had dissolved the rock into waters: Thou didst bring out the fountain and the flood (so some read it); and every one knows whence it was brought, out of the rock, out of the flinty rock. Let this never be forgotten, but let it especially be remembered that the rock was Christ, and the waters out of it were spiritual drink. (2.) He had congealed the waters into rock: Thou driedst up mighty rapid rivers, Jordan particularly at the time when it overflowed all its banks. He that did these things could now deliver his oppressed people, and break the yoke of the oppressors, as he had done formerly; nay, he would do it, for his justice and goodness, his wisdom and truth, are still the same, as well as his power.

_ _ II. That the God of Israel is the God of nature, Psalms 74:16, Psalms 74:17. It is he that orders the regular successions and revolutions, 1. Of day and night. He is the Lord of all time. The evening and the morning are of his ordaining. It is he that opens the eyelids of the morning light, and draws the curtains of the evening shadow. He has prepared the moon and the sun (so some read it), the two great lights, to rule by day and by night alternately. The preparing of them denotes their constant readiness and exact observance of their time, which they never miss a moment. 2. Of summer and winter: “Thou hast appointed all the bounds of the earth, and the different climates of its several regions, for thou hast made summer and winter, the frigid and the torrid zones; or, rather, the constant revolutions of the year and its several seasons.” Herein we are to acknowledge God, from whom all the laws and powers of nature are derived; but how does this come in here? (1.) He that had power at first to settle, and still to preserve, this course of nature by the diurnal and annual motions of the heavenly bodies, has certainly all power both to save and to destroy, and with him nothing is impossible, nor are any difficulties or oppositions insuperable. (2.) He that is faithful to his covenant with the day and with the night, and preserves the ordinances of heaven inviolable will certainly make good his promise to his people and never cast off those whom he has chosen, Jeremiah 31:35, Jeremiah 31:36; Jeremiah 33:20, Jeremiah 33:21. His covenant with Abraham and his seed is as firm as that with Noah and his sons, Genesis 8:21. (3.) Day and night, summer and winter, being counterchanged in the course of nature, throughout all the borders of the earth, we can expect no other than that trouble and peace, prosperity and adversity, should be, in like manner, counterchanged in all the borders of the church. We have as much reason to expect affliction as to expect night and winter. But we have then no more reason to despair of the return of comfort than we have to despair of day and summer.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 74:12

King — It belongs therefore to thy office to protect and save me. Midst — In the view of the world.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 74:12

For God [is] my King of old, working salvation (h) in the midst of the earth.

(h) Meaning in the sight of all the world.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 44:4 Thou art my King, O God: command deliverances for Jacob.
Exodus 19:5-6 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth [is] mine: ... And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These [are] the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.
Numbers 23:21-22 He hath not beheld iniquity in Jacob, neither hath he seen perverseness in Israel: the LORD his God [is] with him, and the shout of a king [is] among them. ... God brought them out of Egypt; he hath as it were the strength of an unicorn.
Isaiah 33:22 For the LORD [is] our judge, the LORD [is] our lawgiver, the LORD [is] our king; he will save us.


Exodus 15:2-15 The LORD [is] my strength and song, and he is become my salvation: he [is] my God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my father's God, and I will exalt him. ... Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away.
Judges 4:23-24 So God subdued on that day Jabin the king of Canaan before the children of Israel. ... And the hand of the children of Israel prospered, and prevailed against Jabin the king of Canaan, until they had destroyed Jabin king of Canaan.
1 Samuel 19:5 For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest [it], and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?
Isaiah 63:8 For he said, Surely they [are] my people, children [that] will not lie: so he was their Saviour.
Habakkuk 3:12-14 Thou didst march through the land in indignation, thou didst thresh the heathen in anger. ... Thou didst strike through with his staves the head of his villages: they came out as a whirlwind to scatter me: their rejoicing [was] as to devour the poor secretly.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 15:2; 19:5. Nu 23:21. Jg 4:23. 1S 19:5. Ps 44:4. Is 33:22; 63:8. Hab 3:12.

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