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Psalms 72:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He will judge the poor of the people, He will save the children of the needy, And will break in pieces the oppressor.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— May he vindicate the afflicted of the people, Save the children of the needy And crush the oppressor.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He will do justice to the afflicted of the people; he will save the children of the needy, and will break in pieces the oppressor.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— May he, Vindicate the oppressed of the people, Bring deliverance to the children of the needy, and, Crush the oppressor.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He judgeth the poor of the people, Giveth deliverance to the sons of the needy, And bruiseth the oppressor.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He shall judge the poor of the people, and he shall save the children of the poor: and he shall humble the oppressor.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hee shall iudge the poore of the people, he shall saue the children of the needie, and shall breake in pieces the oppressour.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— he shall judge the poor of the people in righteousness, and save the children of the needy; and shall bring low the false accuser.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He shall judge 8199
{8199} Prime
שָׁפַט
shaphat
{shaw-fat'}
A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the poor 6041
{6041} Prime
עָנִי
`aniy
{aw-nee'}
From H6031; depressed, in mind or circumstances (practically the same as H6035 subjectively and H6041 objectively).
of the people, 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
he shall save 3467
{3467} Prime
יָשַׁע
yasha`
{yaw-shah'}
A primitive root; properly to be open, wide or free, that is, (by implication) to be safe; causatively to free or succor.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of the needy, 34
{0034} Prime
אֶבְיוֹן
'ebyown
{eb-yone'}
From H0014, in the sense of want (especially in feeling); destitute.
and shall break in pieces 1792
{1792} Prime
דּכא
daka'
{daw-kaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1794) to crumble; transitively to bruise (literally or figuratively).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
the oppressor. 6231
{6231} Prime
עָשַׁק
`ashaq
{aw-shak'}
A primitive root (compare H6229); to press upon, that is, oopress, defraud, violate, overflow.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 72:4

_ _ That peace, including prosperity, as an eminent characteristic of Christ’s reign (Isaiah 2:4; Isaiah 9:6; Isaiah 11:9), will be illustrated in the security provided for the helpless and needy, and the punishment inflicted on oppressors, whose power to injure or mar the peace of others will be destroyed (compare Isaiah 65:25; Zechariah 9:10).

_ _ children of the needy — for the needy (compare sons of strangers, Psalms 18:45 [Margin]).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 72:2-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 72:4

Judge — Vindicate them from their oppressors.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 72:4

He shall (e) judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.

(e) He shows why the sword is committed to Kings that is, to defend the innocent, and suppress the wicked.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
He shall judge:

Psalms 72:12-14 For he shall deliver the needy when he crieth; the poor also, and [him] that hath no helper. ... He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence: and precious shall their blood be in his sight.
Psalms 109:31 For he shall stand at the right hand of the poor, to save [him] from those that condemn his soul.
Isaiah 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
Ezekiel 34:15-16 I will feed my flock, and I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord GOD. ... I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up [that which was] broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.
Zechariah 11:7 And I will feed the flock of slaughter, [even] you, O poor of the flock. And I took unto me two staves; the one I called Beauty, and the other I called Bands; and I fed the flock.
Zechariah 11:11 And it was broken in that day: and so the poor of the flock that waited upon me knew that it [was] the word of the LORD.
Matthew 11:5 The blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them.

break:

Psalms 2:9 Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.
Psalms 94:5 They break in pieces thy people, O LORD, and afflict thine heritage.
Job 19:2 How long will ye vex my soul, and break me in pieces with words?
Job 34:24 He shall break in pieces mighty men without number, and set others in their stead.
Proverbs 20:26 A wise king scattereth the wicked, and bringeth the wheel over them.
Jeremiah 51:20-23 Thou [art] my battle axe [and] weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms; ... I will also break in pieces with thee the shepherd and his flock; and with thee will I break in pieces the husbandman and his yoke of oxen; and with thee will I break in pieces captains and rulers.

the oppressor:

Isaiah 9:4 For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian.
Isaiah 51:12-13 I, [even] I, [am] he that comforteth you: who [art] thou, that thou shouldest be afraid of a man [that] shall die, and of the son of man [which] shall be made [as] grass; ... And forgettest the LORD thy maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth; and hast feared continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor, as if he were ready to destroy? and where [is] the fury of the oppressor?
Daniel 2:34-35 Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet [that were] of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces. ... Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
Zechariah 9:8-10 And I will encamp about mine house because of the army, because of him that passeth by, and because of him that returneth: and no oppressor shall pass through them any more: for now have I seen with mine eyes. ... And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion [shall be] from sea [even] to sea, and from the river [even] to the ends of the earth.
Revelation 18:6-8 Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double. ... Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong [is] the Lord God who judgeth her.
Revelation 18:20 Rejoice over her, [thou] heaven, and [ye] holy apostles and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her.
Revelation 18:24 And in her was found the blood of prophets, and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth.
Revelation 19:2 For true and righteous [are] his judgments: for he hath judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 19:2; 34:24. Ps 2:9; 72:12; 94:5; 109:31. Pv 20:26. Is 9:4; 11:4; 51:12. Jr 51:20. Ezk 34:15. Dn 2:34. Zc 9:8; 11:7, 11. Mt 11:5. Rv 18:6, 20, 24; 19:2.

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