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Psalms 72:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[[A Psalm] of Solomon.]] Give the king thy judgments, O God, And thy righteousness unto the king's son.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[[A Psalm] for Solomon.]] Give the king thy judgments, O God, and thy righteousness unto the king's son.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[[A Psalm] of Solomon.]] Give the king Your judgments, O God, And Your righteousness to the king’s son.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[[A Psalm] for Solomon.]] Give the king thy judgments, O God, and thy righteousness to the king's son.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[For Solomon.]] O God, give the king thy judgments, and thy righteousness unto the king's son.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[Solomon's.]] O God! thy justice, give, unto the king, And thy righteousness, unto the son of a king;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— By Solomon. O God, Thy judgments to the king give, And Thy righteousness to the king's son.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A psalm on Solomon. Give to the king thy judgment, O God, and to the king's son thy justice:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[A [Psalme] for Solomon.]] Giue the King thy Iudgements, O God, and thy Righteousnesse vnto the Kings sonne.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[For Solomon.]] O God, give thy judgment to the king, and thy righteousness to the king's son;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[[A Psalm] for Shelomoh.]] Give the king thy judgments, O Elohim, and thy righteousness unto the king's son.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[[A Psalm] for lm שְׁלֹמֹה.]] 8010
{8010} Prime
שְׁלֹמֹה
Sh@lomoh
{shel-o-mo'}
From H7965; peaceful; Shelomoh, David's successor.
Give 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
thy judgments, 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
O lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
and thy righteousness 6666
{6666} Prime
צְדָקָה
ts@daqah
{tsed-aw-kaw'}
From H6663; rightness (abstractly), subjectively (rectitude), objectively (justice), morally (virtue) or figuratively (prosperity).
unto the king's 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
son. 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 72:1

_ _ Psalms 72:1-19. For, or literally, “of Solomon.” The closing verse rather relates to the second book of Psalms, of which this is the last, and was perhaps added by some collector, to intimate that the collection, to which, as chief author, David’s name was appended, was closed. In this view, these may consistently be the productions of others included, as of Asaph, sons of Korah, and Solomon; and a few of David’s may be placed in the latter series. The fact that here the usual mode of denoting authorship is used, is strongly conclusive that Solomon was the author, especially as no stronger objection appears than what has been now set aside. The Psalm, in highly wrought figurative style, describes the reign of a king as “righteous, universal, beneficent, and perpetual.” By the older Jewish and most modern Christian interpreters, it has been referred to Christ, whose reign, present and prospective, alone corresponds with its statements. As the imagery of the second Psalm was drawn from the martial character of David’s reign, that of this is from the peaceful and prosperous state of Solomon’s.

_ _ Give the king, etc. — a prayer which is equivalent to a prediction.

_ _ judgments — the acts, and (figuratively) the principles of a right government (John 5:22; John 9:39).

_ _ righteousness — qualifications for conducting such a government.

_ _ king’s son — same person as a king — a very proper title for Christ, as such in both natures.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 72:1

_ _ This verse is a prayer for the king, even the king's son.

_ _ I. We may apply it to Solomon: Give him thy judgments, O God! and thy righteousness; make him a man, a king; make him a good man, a good king. 1. It is the prayer of a father for his child, a dying blessing, such as the patriarchs bequeathed to their children. The best thing we can ask of God for our children is that God will give them wisdom and grace to know and do their duty; that is better than gold. Solomon learned to pray for himself as his father had prayed for him, not that God would give him riches and honour, but a wise and understanding heart. It was a comfort to David that his own son was to be his successor, but more so that he was likely to be both judicious and righteous. David had given him a good education (Proverbs 4:3), had taught him good judgment and righteous, yet that would not do unless God gave him his judgments. Parents cannot give grace to their children, but may by prayer bring them to the God of grace, and shall not seek him in vain, for their prayer shall either be answered or it shall return with comfort into their own bosom. 2. It is the prayer of a king for his successor. David had executed judgment and justice during his reign, and now he prays that his son might do so too. Such a concern as this we should have for posterity, desiring and endeavouring that those who come after us may do God more and better service in their day than we have done in ours. Those have little love either to God or man, and are of a very narrow selfish spirit, who care not what becomes of the world and the church when they are gone. 3. It is the prayer of subjects for their king. It should seem, David penned this psalm for the use of the people, that they, in singing, might pray for Solomon. Those who would live quiet and peaceable lives must pray for kings and all in authority, that God would give them his judgments and righteousness.

_ _ II. We may apply it to Christ; not that he who intercedes for us needs us to intercede for him; but, 1. It is a prayer of the Old Testament church for sending the Messiah, as the church's King, King on the holy hill of Zion, of whom the King of kings had said, Thou art my Son, Psalms 2:6, Psalms 2:7. “Hasten his coming to whom all judgment is committed;” and we must thus hasten the second coming of Christ, when he shall judge the world in righteousness. 2. It is an expression of the satisfaction which all true believers take in the authority which the Lord Jesus has received from the Father: “Let him have all power both in heaven and earth, and be the Lord our righteousness; let him be the great trustee of divine grace for all that are his; give it to him, that he may give it to us.”

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 72:1

Judgments — He saith judgments in the plural number, because though the office of judging and ruling was but one, yet there were divers parts and branches, of it; in all which he begs that Solomon may be directed to do as God would have him to do.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 72:1

"[A Psalm] (a) for Solomon." Give the king thy (b) judgments, O God, and thy righteousness unto the king's (c) son.

(a) Composed by David concerning the reign of his son Solomon.

(b) Imbue the king with the Spirit of wisdom and justice, that he reign not as the worldly tyrants do.

(c) That is, to his posterity.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
for:
or, of,
Psalms 127:1 [[A Song of degrees for Solomon.]] Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain that build it: except the LORD keep the city, the watchman waketh [but] in vain.
*title

Give:

1 Kings 1:39-53 And Zadok the priest took an horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Solomon. And they blew the trumpet; and all the people said, God save king Solomon. ... So king Solomon sent, and they brought him down from the altar. And he came and bowed himself to king Solomon: and Solomon said unto him, Go to thine house.
1 Chronicles 22:12-13 Only the LORD give thee wisdom and understanding, and give thee charge concerning Israel, that thou mayest keep the law of the LORD thy God. ... Then shalt thou prosper, if thou takest heed to fulfil the statutes and judgments which the LORD charged Moses with concerning Israel: be strong, and of good courage; dread not, nor be dismayed.
1 Chronicles 29:19 And give unto Solomon my son a perfect heart, to keep thy commandments, thy testimonies, and thy statutes, and to do all [these things], and to build the palace, [for] the which I have made provision.
2 Chronicles 1:10 Give me now wisdom and knowledge, that I may go out and come in before this people: for who can judge this thy people, [that is so] great?
Isaiah 11:2 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;
John 3:34 For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure [unto him].
Hebrews 1:8-9 But unto the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness [is] the sceptre of thy kingdom. ... Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

the king's:

1 Kings 1:47-48 And moreover the king's servants came to bless our lord king David, saying, God make the name of Solomon better than thy name, and make his throne greater than thy throne. And the king bowed himself upon the bed. ... And also thus said the king, Blessed [be] the LORD God of Israel, which hath given [one] to sit on my throne this day, mine eyes even seeing [it].
1 Kings 2:1-4 Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die; and he charged Solomon his son, saying, ... That the LORD may continue his word which he spake concerning me, saying, If thy children take heed to their way, to walk before me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail thee (said he) a man on the throne of Israel.
Jeremiah 23:5-6 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. ... In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
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1K 1:39, 47; 2:1. 1Ch 22:12; 29:19. 2Ch 1:10. Ps 127:1. Is 11:2. Jr 23:5. Jn 3:34. He 1:8.

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