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Psalms 7:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— O let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end, but establish thou the righteous: For the righteous God trieth the minds and hearts.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Oh let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end; but establish the just: for the righteous God trieth the hearts and reins.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— O let the evil of the wicked come to an end, but establish the righteous; For the righteous God tries the hearts and minds.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Oh let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end; but establish the just: for the righteous God trieth the hearts and reins.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Oh let the wrong of the wicked come to an end, and establish thou the righteous [man]; even thou that triest the hearts and reins, the righteous God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Let the wrong of the lawless, I pray thee, come to an end, and establish thou him that is righteous,—for, a trier of hearts and reins, is God the righteous one.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Let, I pray Thee be ended the evil of the wicked, And establish Thou the righteous, And a trier of hearts and reins is the righteous God.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The wickedness of sinners shall be brought to nought; and thou shalt direct the just: the searcher of hearts and reins is God. Just
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Oh let the wickednes of the wicked come to an end, but establish the iust: for the righteous God trieth the hearts and reines.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Oh let the wickedness of sinners come to an end; and [then] thou shalt direct the righteous, O God that searchest the hearts and reins.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Oh let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end; but establish the just: for the righteous Elohim trieth the hearts and reins.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Oh x4994
(4994) Complement
נָא
na'
{naw}
A primitive particle of incitement and entreaty, which may usually be rendered I pray, now or then; added mostly to verbs (in the imperative or future), or to interjections, occasionally to an adverb or conjugation.
let the wickedness 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
of the wicked 7563
{7563} Prime
רָשָׁע
rasha`
{raw-shaw'}
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
come to an end; 1584
{1584} Prime
גָּמַר
gamar
{gaw-mar'}
A primitive root; to end (in the sense of completion or failure).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
but establish 3559
{3559} Prime
כּוּן
kuwn
{koon}
A primitive root; properly to be erect (that is, stand perpendicular);. hence (causatively) to set up, in a great variety of applications, whether literal (establish, fix, prepare, apply), or figurative (appoint, render sure, proper or prosperous).
z8787
<8787> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 72
the just: 6662
{6662} Prime
צַדִּיק
tsaddiyq
{tsad-deek'}
From H6663; just.
for the righteous 6662
{6662} Prime
צַדִּיק
tsaddiyq
{tsad-deek'}
From H6663; just.
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
trieth 974
{0974} Prime
בָּחַן
bachan
{baw-khan'}
A primitive root; to test (especially metals); generally and figuratively to investigate.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the hearts y3826
[3826] Standard
לִבָּה
libbah
{lib-baw'}
Feminine of H3820; the heart.
x3820
(3820) Complement
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
and reins. 3629
{3629} Prime
כִּלְיָה
kilyah
{kil-yaw'}
Feminine of H3627 (only in the plural); a kidney (as an essential organ); figuratively the mind (as the interior self).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 7:9

_ _ the hearts and reins — the affections and motives of men, or the seat of them (compare Psalms 16:7; Psalms 26:2); as we use heart and bosom or breast.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 7:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 7:9

O — Put a stop to their wicked practices.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 7:9

Oh let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end; but establish the just: for the righteous God trieth the (h) hearts and reins.

(h) Though they pretend a just cause against me, yet God will judge their hypocrisy.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Oh:

Psalms 9:5-6 Thou hast rebuked the heathen, thou hast destroyed the wicked, thou hast put out their name for ever and ever. ... O thou enemy, destructions are come to a perpetual end: and thou hast destroyed cities; their memorial is perished with them.
Psalms 10:15 Break thou the arm of the wicked and the evil [man]: seek out his wickedness [till] thou find none.
Psalms 10:18 To judge the fatherless and the oppressed, that the man of the earth may no more oppress.
Psalms 58:6 Break their teeth, O God, in their mouth: break out the great teeth of the young lions, O LORD.
Psalms 74:10-11 O God, how long shall the adversary reproach? shall the enemy blaspheme thy name for ever? ... Why withdrawest thou thy hand, even thy right hand? pluck [it] out of thy bosom.
Psalms 74:22-23 Arise, O God, plead thine own cause: remember how the foolish man reproacheth thee daily. ... Forget not the voice of thine enemies: the tumult of those that rise up against thee increaseth continually.
Isaiah 37:36-38 Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they [were] all dead corpses. ... And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia: and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.
Daniel 11:45 And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.
Acts 12:23 And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

but:

Psalms 37:23 The steps of a [good] man are ordered by the LORD: and he delighteth in his way.
*marg.
Psalms 40:2 He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, [and] established my goings.
1 Samuel 2:9 He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be silent in darkness; for by strength shall no man prevail.
Romans 16:25 Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began,
1 Thessalonians 3:13 To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints.
1 Peter 5:10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle [you].
Jude 1:1 Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ, [and] called:

for:

Psalms 17:3 Thou hast proved mine heart; thou hast visited [me] in the night; thou hast tried me, [and] shalt find nothing; I am purposed [that] my mouth shall not transgress.
Psalms 44:21 Shall not God search this out? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart.
Psalms 139:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] O LORD, thou hast searched me, and known [me].
1 Samuel 16:7 But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for [the LORD seeth] not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart.
1 Chronicles 28:9 And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the LORD searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever.
Jeremiah 11:20 But, O LORD of hosts, that judgest righteously, that triest the reins and the heart, let me see thy vengeance on them: for unto thee have I revealed my cause.
Jeremiah 17:10 I the LORD search the heart, [I] try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, [and] according to the fruit of his doings.
Jeremiah 20:12 But, O LORD of hosts, that triest the righteous, [and] seest the reins and the heart, let me see thy vengeance on them: for unto thee have I opened my cause.
Revelation 2:23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 2:9; 16:7. 1Ch 28:9. Ps 9:5; 10:15, 18; 17:3; 37:23; 40:2; 44:21; 58:6; 74:10, 22; 139:1. Is 37:36. Jr 11:20; 17:10; 20:12. Dn 11:45. Ac 12:23. Ro 16:25. 1Th 3:13. 1P 5:10. Jde 1:1. Rv 2:23.

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