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Psalms 7:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If I have rewarded evil unto him that was at peace with me; (Yea, I have delivered him that without cause was mine adversary;)
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If I have rewarded evil unto him that was at peace with me; (yea, I have delivered him that without cause is mine enemy:)
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— If I have rewarded evil to my friend, Or have plundered him who without cause was my adversary,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If I have rewarded evil to him that was at peace with me; (yes, I have delivered him that without cause is my enemy:)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If I have rewarded evil to him that was at peace with me; (indeed I have freed him that without cause oppressed me;)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If I have requited my friend with wrong,—or have oppressed mine adversary without need,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— If I have done my well-wisher evil, And draw mine adversary without cause,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If I have rendered to them that repaid me evils, let me deservedly fall empty before my enemies.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If I haue rewarded euill vnto him that was at peace with me: (yea I haue deliuered him that without cause is mine enemie.)
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— if I have requited with evil those who requited me [with good]; may I then perish empty by means of my enemies.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If I have rewarded evil unto him that was at peace with me; (yea, I have delivered him that without cause is mine enemy:)

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
I have rewarded 1580
{1580} Prime
גָּמַל
gamal
{gaw-mal'}
A primitive root; to treat a person (well or ill), that is, benefit or requite; by implication (of toil) to ripen, that is, (specifically) to wean.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
evil 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
unto him that was at peace 7999
{7999} Prime
שָׁלַם
shalam
{shaw-lam'}
A primitive root; to be safe (in mind, body or estate); figuratively to be (causatively make) completed; by implication to be friendly; by extension to reciprocate (in various applications).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
with me; (yea, I have delivered 2502
{2502} Prime
חָלַץ
chalats
{khaw-lats'}
A primitive root; to pull off; hence (intensively) to strip, (reflexively) to depart; by implication to deliver, equip (for fight); present, strengthen.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
him that without cause 7387
{7387} Prime
רֵיקָם
reyqam
{ray-kawm'}
From H7386; emptily; figuratively (objectively) ineffectually, (subjectively) undeservedly.
is mine enemy:) 6887
{6887} Prime
צָרַר
tsarar
{tsaw-rar'}
A primitive root; to cramp, literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 7:4

_ _ If I have injured my friend.

_ _ yea, I have delivered, etc. — This makes a good sense, but interrupts the course of thought, and hence it is proposed to render, “if I have spoiled my enemy” — in either case (compare 1 Samuel 24:4-17; 1 Samuel 31:8, 1 Samuel 31:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 7:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 7:4

Deliver — When it was in my power to destroy him, as 1 Samuel 24:2-6.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 7:4

(c) If I have rewarded evil unto him that was at peace with me; (yea, I have delivered him that without cause is mine enemy:)

(c) If I did not reverence Saul for affinities sake, and preserved his life, (1 Samuel 26:8-9).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
If I:

Psalms 55:20 He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant.
Psalms 109:5 And they have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred for my love.
Genesis 44:4 [And] when they were gone out of the city, [and] not [yet] far off, Joseph said unto his steward, Up, follow after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto them, Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good?
Proverbs 17:3 The fining pot [is] for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD trieth the hearts.
Jeremiah 18:20-21 Shall evil be recompensed for good? for they have digged a pit for my soul. Remember that I stood before thee to speak good for them, [and] to turn away thy wrath from them. ... Therefore deliver up their children to the famine, and pour out their [blood] by the force of the sword; and let their wives be bereaved of their children, and [be] widows; and let their men be put to death; [let] their young men [be] slain by the sword in battle.

I have:

1 Samuel 24:7 So David stayed his servants with these words, and suffered them not to rise against Saul. But Saul rose up out of the cave, and went on [his] way.
1 Samuel 24:10-11 Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered thee to day into mine hand in the cave: and [some] bade [me] kill thee: but [mine eye] spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine hand against my lord; for he [is] the LORD'S anointed. ... Moreover, my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy robe in my hand: for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed thee not, know thou and see that [there is] neither evil nor transgression in mine hand, and I have not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my soul to take it.
1 Samuel 26:9-17 And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can stretch forth his hand against the LORD'S anointed, and be guiltless? ... And Saul knew David's voice, and said, [Is] this thy voice, my son David? And David said, [It is] my voice, my lord, O king.
1 Samuel 26:24 And, behold, as thy life was much set by this day in mine eyes, so let my life be much set by in the eyes of the LORD, and let him deliver me out of all tribulation.

without:

1 Samuel 19:4-5 And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works [have been] to thee-ward very good: ... For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest [it], and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?
1 Samuel 20:1 And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what [is] mine iniquity? and what [is] my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life?
1 Samuel 22:14 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who [is so] faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king's son in law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable in thine house?
1 Samuel 24:11-15 Moreover, my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy robe in my hand: for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed thee not, know thou and see that [there is] neither evil nor transgression in mine hand, and I have not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my soul to take it. ... The LORD therefore be judge, and judge between me and thee, and see, and plead my cause, and deliver me out of thine hand.
1 Samuel 24:17-19 And he said to David, Thou [art] more righteous than I: for thou hast rewarded me good, whereas I have rewarded thee evil. ... For if a man find his enemy, will he let him go well away? wherefore the LORD reward thee good for that thou hast done unto me this day.
1 Samuel 25:28-29 I pray thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid: for the LORD will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord fighteth the battles of the LORD, and evil hath not been found in thee [all] thy days. ... Yet a man is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy soul: but the soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with the LORD thy God; and the souls of thine enemies, them shall he sling out, [as out] of the middle of a sling.
1 Samuel 26:21 Then said Saul, I have sinned: return, my son David: for I will no more do thee harm, because my soul was precious in thine eyes this day: behold, I have played the fool, and have erred exceedingly.
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Gn 44:4. 1S 19:4; 20:1; 22:14; 24:7, 10, 11, 17; 25:28; 26:9, 21, 24. Ps 55:20; 109:5. Pv 17:3. Jr 18:20.

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