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Psalms 7:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— My shield is with God, Who saveth the upright in heart.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— My defence [is] of God, which saveth the upright in heart.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— My shield is with God, Who saves the upright in heart.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— My defense [is] from God, who saveth the upright in heart.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— My shield is with God, who saveth the upright in heart.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— My shield, is held by God, who is ready to save the upright in heart:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— My shield [is] on God, Saviour of the upright in heart!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Is my help from the Lord; who saveth the upright of heart.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— My defence [is] of God, which saueth the vpright in heart.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— My help is righteous, [coming] from God who saves the upright in heart.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— My defence [is] of Elohim, which saveth the upright in heart.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
My defence 4043
{4043} Prime
From H1598; a shield (that is, the small one or buckler); figuratively a protector; also the scaly hide of the crocodile.
[is] of x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
which saveth 3467
{3467} Prime
A primitive root; properly to be open, wide or free, that is, (by implication) to be safe; causatively to free or succor.
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
the upright 3477
{3477} Prime
From H3474; straight (literally or figuratively).
in heart. 3820
{3820} Prime
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 7:10

_ _ defence — literally, “shield” (Psalms 5:12).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 7:10-17

_ _ David having lodged his appeal with God by prayer and a solemn profession of his integrity, in the former part of the psalm, in this latter part does, as it were, take out judgment upon the appeal, by faith in the word of God, and the assurance it gives of the happiness and safety of the righteous and the certain destruction of wicked people that continue impenitent.

_ _ I. David is confident that he shall find God his powerful protector and Saviour, and the patron of his oppressed innocency (Psalms 7:10): “My defence is of God. Not only, God is my defender, and I shall find him so; but I look for defence and safety in no other; my hope for shelter in a time of danger is placed in God alone; if I have defence, it must be of God.” My shield is upon God (so some read it); there is that in God which gives an assurance of protection to all that are his. His name is a strong tower, Proverbs 18:10. Two things David builds this confidence upon: — 1. The particular favour God has for all that are sincere: He saves the upright in heart, saves them with an everlasting salvation, and therefore will preserve them to his heavenly kingdom; he saves them out of their present troubles, as far as is good for them; their integrity and uprightness will preserve them. The upright in heart are safe, and ought to think themselves so, under the divine protection. 2. The general respect he has for justice and equity: God judgeth the righteous; he owns every righteous cause, and will maintain it in every righteous man, and will protect him. God is a righteous Judge (so some read it), who not only doeth righteousness himself, but will take care that righteousness be done by the children of men and will avenge and punish all unrighteousness.

_ _ II. He is no less confident of the destruction of all his persecutors, even as many of them as would not repent, to give glory to God. He reads their doom here, for their good, if possible, that they might cease from their enmity, or, however, for his own comfort, that he might not be afraid of them nor aggrieved at their prosperity and success for a time. He goes into the sanctuary of God, and there understands,

_ _ 1. That they are children of wrath. They are not to be envied, for God is angry with them, is angry with the wicked every day. They are every day doing that which is provoking to him, and he resents it, and treasures it up against the day of wrath. As his mercies are new every morning towards his people, so his anger is new every morning against the wicked, upon the fresh occasions given for it by their renewed transgressions. God is angry with the wicked even in the merriest and most prosperous of their days, even in the days of their devotion; for, if they be suffered to prosper, it is in wrath; if they pray, their very prayers are an abomination. The wrath of God abides upon them (John 3:36) and continual additions are made to it.

_ _ 2. That they are children of death, as all the children of wrath are, sons of perdition, marked out for ruin. See their destruction.

_ _ (1.) God will destroy them. The destruction they are reserved for is destruction from the Almighty, which ought to be a terror to every one of us, for it comes from the wrath of God, Psalms 7:13, Psalms 7:14. It is here intimated, [1.] That the destruction of sinners may be prevented by their conversion, for it is threatened with that proviso: If he turn not from his evil way, if he do not let fall his enmity against the people of God, then let him expect it will be his ruin; but, if he turn, it is implied that his sin shall be pardoned and all shall be well. Thus even the threatenings of wrath are introduced with a gracious implication of mercy, enough to justify God for ever in the destruction of those that perish; they might have turned and lived, but they chose rather to go on and die and their blood is therefore upon their own heads. [2.] That, if it be not thus prevented by the conversion of the sinner, it will be prepared for him by the justice of God. In general (Psalms 7:13), He has prepared for him the instruments of death, of all that death which is the wages of sin. If God will slay, he will not want instruments of death for any creature; even the least and weakest may be made so when he pleases. First, Here is variety of instruments, all which breathe threatenings and slaughter. Here is a sword, which wounds and kills at hand, a bow and arrows, which wound and kill at a distance those who think to get out of the reach of God's vindictive justice. If the sinner flees from the iron weapon, yet the bow of steel shall strike him through, Job 20:24. Secondly, These instruments of death are all said to be made ready. God has them not to seek, but always at hand. Judgments are prepared for scorners. Tophet is prepared of old. Thirdly, While God is preparing his instruments of death, he gives the sinners timely warning of their danger, and space to repent and prevent it. He is slow to punish, and long-suffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish. Fourthly, The longer the destruction is delayed, to give time for repentance, the sorer will it be and the heavier will it fall and lie for ever if that time be not so improved; while God is waiting the sword is in the whetting and the bow in the drawing. Fifthly, The destruction of impenitent sinners, though it come slowly, yet comes surely; for it is ordained, they are of old ordained to it. Sixthly, Of all sinners persecutors are set up as the fairest marks of divine wrath; against them, more than any other, God has ordained his arrows. They set God at defiance, but cannot set themselves out of the reach of his judgments.

_ _ (2.) They will destroy themselves, Psalms 7:14-16. The sinner is here described as taking a great deal of pains to ruin himself, more pains to damn his soul than, if directed aright, would save it. His conduct is described, [1.] By the pains of a labouring woman that brings forth a false conception, Psalms 7:14. The sinner's head with its politics conceives mischief, contrives it with a great deal of art, lays the plot deep, and keeps it close; the sinner's heart with its passions travails with iniquity, and is in pain to be delivered of the malicious projects it is hatching against the people of God. But what does it come to when it comes to the birth? It is falsehood; it is a cheat upon himself; it is a lie in his right hand. He cannot compass what he intended, nor, if he gain his point, will he gain the satisfaction he promised himself. He brings forth wind (Isaiah 26:18), stubble (Isaiah 33:11), death (James 1:15), that is, falsehood. [2.] By the pains of a labouring man that works hard to dig a pit, and then falls into it and perishes in it. First, This is true, in a sense of all sinners. They prepare destruction for themselves by preparing themselves for destruction, loading themselves with guilt and submitting themselves to their corruptions. Secondly, It is often remarkably true of those who contrive mischief against the people of God or against their neighbours; by the righteous hand of God it is made to return upon their own heads. What they designed for the shame and destruction of others proves to be their own confusion.

Nec lex est jusitior ulla
Quam necis artifices arte perire sua
There is not a juster law than that the author
of a murderous contrivance shall perish by it.
Some apply it to Saul, who fell upon his sword.

_ _ In singing this psalm we must do as David here does (Psalms 7:17), praise the Lord according to his righteousness, that is, give him the glory of that gracious protection under which he takes his afflicted people and of that just vengeance with which he will pursue those that afflict them. Thus we must sing to the praise of the Lord most high, who, when his enemies deal proudly, shows that he is above them.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
etc. Heb. My buckler is upon God,
Psalms 3:3 But thou, O LORD, [art] a shield for me; my glory, and the lifter up of mine head.
Psalms 18:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, [A Psalm] of David, the servant of the LORD, who spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day [that] the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul: And he said,]] I will love thee, O LORD, my strength. ... The LORD [is] my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, [and] my high tower.
Psalms 84:11 For the LORD God [is] a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good [thing] will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.
Psalms 89:18 For the LORD [is] our defence; and the Holy One of Israel [is] our king.
Genesis 15:1 After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I [am] thy shield, [and] thy exceeding great reward.


Psalms 112:2 His seed shall be mighty upon earth: the generation of the upright shall be blessed.
Psalms 125:4 Do good, O LORD, unto [those that be] good, and [to them that are] upright in their hearts.
Job 8:6 If thou [wert] pure and upright; surely now he would awake for thee, and make the habitation of thy righteousness prosperous.
Proverbs 2:21 For the upright shall dwell in the land, and the perfect shall remain in it.
Proverbs 11:20 They that are of a froward heart [are] abomination to the LORD: but [such as are] upright in [their] way [are] his delight.
Proverbs 28:18 Whoso walketh uprightly shall be saved: but [he that is] perverse [in his] ways shall fall at once.
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Gn 15:1. Jb 8:6. Ps 3:3; 18:1; 84:11; 89:18; 112:2; 125:4. Pv 2:21; 11:20; 28:18.

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mgiNiy [my_shield] al-lohiym [on-God] mshiy [free/open] yish'ry-lv [straight-heart]
- Ephraim (6/11/2011 2:38:21 AM)
what does My defence is of God, which saveth the upright in heart, mean
- jes (6/10/2011 1:08:15 PM)
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