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Psalms 69:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They gave me also gall for my food; And in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They also gave me gall for my food And for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They gave me also gall for my food; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Yea, they gave me gall for my food, and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But they put in my food—poison! And, for my thirst, they gave for my drink—vinegar!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And they give for my food gall, And for my thirst cause me to drink vinegar.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they gave me gall for my food, and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They gaue mee also gall for my meat, and in my thirst they gaue mee vineger to drinke.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— They gave [me] also gall for my food, and made me drink vinegar for my thirst.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
me also gall 7219
{7219} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
Apparently the same as H7218; a poisonous plant, probably the poppy (from its conspicuous head); generally poison (even of serpents).
for my meat; 1267
{1267} Prime
בָּרוּת
baruwth
{baw-rooth'}
From H1262; food.
and in my thirst 6772
{6772} Prime
צָמָא
tsama'
{tsaw-maw'}
From H6770; thirst (literally or figuratively).
they gave me vinegar 2558
{2558} Prime
חֹמֶץ
chomets
{kho'-mets}
From H2566; vinegar.
to drink. 8248
{8248} Prime
שָׁקָה
shaqah
{shaw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to quaff, that is, (causatively) to irrigate or furnish a potion to.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 69:21

_ _ Instead of such, his enemies increase his pain by giving him most distasteful food and drink. The Psalmist may have thus described by figure what Christ found in reality (compare John 19:29, John 19:30).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 69:13-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 69:21

Gall — Instead of giving me that comfort which my condition required, they added to my afflictions. Vinegar — These things were metaphorically fulfilled in David, but properly in Christ, the description of whose sufferings was principally intended here by the Holy Ghost.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
gall for my meat:
Bochart, from a comparison of this passage with
John 19:29 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put [it] upon hyssop, and put [it] to his mouth.
, thinks that rosh is the same herb as the evangelist calls υσσωπος, hyssop; a species of which, growing in Judea, he proves from Isaac ben Orman, an Arabian writer, to be so bitter as not to be eatable. Theophylact expressly tells us, that the hyssop was added ως δηλητεριωδος, as being deleterious, or poisonous, and Nonnus, in his paraphrase, says, Ωρεγεν υσσωπωκεκερασμενον οξος ολεθρου "One gave the deadly acid mixed with hyssop."
Jeremiah 8:14 Why do we sit still? assemble yourselves, and let us enter into the defenced cities, and let us be silent there: for the LORD our God hath put us to silence, and given us water of gall to drink, because we have sinned against the LORD.
Jeremiah 9:15 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will feed them, [even] this people, with wormwood, and give them water of gall to drink.
Jeremiah 23:15 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the prophets; Behold, I will feed them with wormwood, and make them drink the water of gall: for from the prophets of Jerusalem is profaneness gone forth into all the land.
Matthew 27:34 They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted [thereof], he would not drink.
Matthew 27:48 And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled [it] with vinegar, and put [it] on a reed, and gave him to drink.

vinegar:

Mark 15:23 And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received [it] not.
Mark 15:36 And one ran and filled a spunge full of vinegar, and put [it] on a reed, and gave him to drink, saying, Let alone; let us see whether Elias will come to take him down.
Luke 23:36 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar,
John 19:29-30 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put [it] upon hyssop, and put [it] to his mouth. ... When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
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Jr 8:14; 9:15; 23:15. Mt 27:34, 48. Mk 15:23, 36. Lk 23:36. Jn 19:29.

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