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Psalms 68:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Rebuke the wild beast of the reeds, The multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the peoples, Trampling under foot the pieces of silver: He hath scattered the peoples that delight in war.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the people, [till every one] submit himself with pieces of silver: scatter thou the people [that] delight in war.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Rebuke the beasts in the reeds, The herd of bulls with the calves of the peoples, Trampling under foot the pieces of silver; He has scattered the peoples who delight in war.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the people, [till every one shall] submit himself with pieces of silver: scatter thou the people [that] delight in war.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Rebuke the beast of the reeds, the assembly of the strong, with the calves of the peoples: [every one] submitteth himself with pieces of silver. Scatter the peoples that delight in war.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Rebuke thou, The wild beast of the reeds, The herd of mighty oxen among the calves of the peoples—Each one bowing down with bars of silver,—Scatter thou the peoples, who in wars take delight.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Rebuke a beast of the reeds, a company of bulls, With calves of the peoples, Each humbling himself with pieces of silver, Scatter Thou peoples delighting in conflicts.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Rebuke the wild beasts of the reeds, the congregation of bulls with the kine of the people; who seek to exclude them who are tried with silver. Scatter thou the nations that delight in wars:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Rebuke the company of spearemen, the multitude of the bulles, with the calues of the people, [till euery one] submit himselfe with pieces of siluer: scatter thou the people [that] delite in warre.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Rebuke the wild beasts of the reed: let the crowd of bulls with the heifers of the nations [be rebuked], so that they who have been proved with silver may not be shut out: scatter thou the nations that wish for wars.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the people, [till every one] submit himself with pieces of silver: scatter thou the people [that] delight in war.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Rebuke 1605
{1605} Prime
גָּעַר
ga`ar
{gaw-ar'}
A primitive root; to chide.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
the company 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
of spearmen, 7070
{7070} Prime
קָנֶה
qaneh
{kaw-neh'}
From H7069; a reed (as erect); by resemblance a rod (especially for measuring), shaft, tube, stem, the radius (of the arm), beam (of a steelyard).
the multitude 5712
{5712} Prime
עֵדָה
`edah
{ay-daw'}
Feminine of H5707 in the original sense of fixture; a stated assemblage (specifically a concourse, or generally a family or crowd).
of the bulls, 47
{0047} Prime
אַבִּיר
'abbiyr
{ab-beer'}
For H0046.
with the calves 5695
{5695} Prime
עֵגֶל
`egel
{ay'-ghel}
From the same as H5696; a (male) calf (as frisking round), especially one nearly grown (that is, a steer).
of the people, 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
[till every one] submit y7511
[7511] Standard
רָפַס
raphac
{raw-fas'}
A primitive root; to trample, that is, prostrate.
z8693
<8693> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 139
himself x7511
(7511) Complement
רָפַס
raphac
{raw-fas'}
A primitive root; to trample, that is, prostrate.
with pieces 7518
{7518} Prime
רַץ
rats
{rats}
Contracted from H7538; a fragment.
of silver: 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
scatter 967
{0967} Prime
בָּזַר
bazar
{baw-zar'}
A primitive root; to disperse.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
thou the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
[that] delight 2654
{2654} Prime
חָפֵץ
chaphets
{khaw-fates'}
A primitive root; properly to incline to; by implication (literally but rarely) to bend; figuratively to be pleased with, desire.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in war. 7128
{7128} Prime
קְרָב
q@rab
{ker-awb'}
From H7126; hostile encounter.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 68:30

_ _ The strongest nations are represented by the strongest beasts (compare Margin).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 68:22-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 68:30

Rebuke — Chastise those that will not bring presents to thee. The bulls — The fierce and furious adversaries of God, and of his church; the calves, are people or soldiers depending upon them. Delight — That merely out of a love to mischief and spoil, make war upon others, and upon us particularly.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 68:30

Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the people, [till every one] (a) submit himself with pieces of silver: scatter thou the people [that] delight in war.

(a) He desires that the pride of the mighty may be destroyed, who were accustomed to garnishing their shoes with silver, and therefore for their glittering pomp thought themselves above all men.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Rebuke:

2 Samuel 8:1-18 And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines. ... And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada [was over] both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers.
2 Samuel 10:1-19 And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead. ... And when all the kings [that were] servants to Hadarezer saw that they were smitten before Israel, they made peace with Israel, and served them. So the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more.
2 Chronicles 14:1-15 So Abijah slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David: and Asa his son reigned in his stead. In his days the land was quiet ten years. ... They smote also the tents of cattle, and carried away sheep and camels in abundance, and returned to Jerusalem.
2 Chronicles 20:1-37 It came to pass after this also, [that] the children of Moab, and the children of Ammon, and with them [other] beside the Ammonites, came against Jehoshaphat to battle. ... Then Eliezer the son of Dodavah of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, the LORD hath broken thy works. And the ships were broken, that they were not able to go to Tarshish.
Isaiah 37:1-38 And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard [it], that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD. ... And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia: and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.

company of spearmen:
or, beasts of the reeds,
Jeremiah 51:32-33 And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted. ... For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; The daughter of Babylon [is] like a threshingfloor, [it is] time to thresh her: yet a little while, and the time of her harvest shall come.

multitude:

Psalms 22:12-13 Many bulls have compassed me: strong [bulls] of Bashan have beset me round. ... They gaped upon me [with] their mouths, [as] a ravening and a roaring lion.
Isaiah 34:7 And the unicorns shall come down with them, and the bullocks with the bulls; and their land shall be soaked with blood, and their dust made fat with fatness.
Jeremiah 50:11 Because ye were glad, because ye rejoiced, O ye destroyers of mine heritage, because ye are grown fat as the heifer at grass, and bellow as bulls;

every:

Psalms 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish [from] the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed [are] all they that put their trust in him.
Psalms 18:44 As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me: the strangers shall submit themselves unto me.
2 Samuel 8:2 And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. And [so] the Moabites became David's servants, [and] brought gifts.
2 Samuel 8:8-11 And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass. ... Which also king David did dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued;

scatter thou:
or, he scattereth,
Psalms 68:14 When the Almighty scattered kings in it, it was [white] as snow in Salmon.

delight:

Psalms 120:7 I [am for] peace: but when I speak, they [are] for war.
Romans 7:22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:
James 4:1 From whence [come] wars and fightings among you? [come they] not hence, [even] of your lusts that war in your members?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 8:1, 2, 8; 10:1. 2Ch 14:1; 20:1. Ps 2:12; 18:44; 22:12; 68:14; 120:7. Is 34:7; 37:1. Jr 50:11; 51:32. Ro 7:22. Jm 4:1.

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