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Psalms 67:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[For the Chief Musician; on stringed instruments. A Psalm, a Song.]] God be merciful unto us, and bless us, [And] cause his face to shine upon us; Selah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm [or] Song.]] God be merciful unto us, and bless us; [and] cause his face to shine upon us; Selah.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[For the choir director; with stringed instruments. A Psalm. A Song.]] God be gracious to us and bless us, [And] cause His face to shine upon us— Selah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm [or] Song.]] God be merciful to us, and bless us; [and] cause his face to shine upon us. Selah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[To the chief Musician. On stringed instruments. A Psalm: a Song.]] God be gracious unto us, and bless us, [and] cause his face to shine upon us; Selah,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[To the Chief Musician. With stringed Instruments. A Melody, a Song.]] God, be favorable to us and bless us, Cause his face to shine upon us. [Selah.]
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To the Overseer, with stringed instruments.—A Psalm, a Song. God doth favour us and bless us, Doth cause His face to shine with us. Selah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Unto the end, in hymns, a psalm of a canticle for David. May God have mercy on us, and bless us: may he cause the light of his countenance to shine upon us, and may he have mercy on us.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[To the chiefe Musician on Neginoth. A Psalme [or] song.]] God be mercifull vnto vs, and blesse vs: [and] cause his face to shine vpon vs. Selah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[For the end, a Psalm of David among the Hymns.]] God be merciful to us, and bless us; [and] cause his face to shine upon us. Pause.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm [or] Song.]] Elohim be merciful unto us, and bless us; [and] cause his face to shine upon us; Selah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[To the chief Musician 5329
{5329} Prime
נָצַח
natsach
{naw-tsakh'}
A primitive root; properly to glitter from afar, that is, to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from H5331), to be permanent.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
on Nqn נְגִינֹת, 5058
{5058} Prime
נְגִינָה
n@giynah
{neg-ee-naw'}
From H5059; properly instrumental music; by implication a stringed instrument; by extension a poem set to music; specifically an epigram.
A Psalm 4210
{4210} Prime
מִזְמוֹר
mizmowr
{miz-more'}
From H2167; properly instrumental music; by implication a poem set to notes.
[or] Song.]] 7892
{7892} Prime
שִׁיר
shiyr
{sheer}
The second form being feminine; from H7891; a song; abstractly singing.
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
be merciful 2603
{2603} Prime
חָנַן
chanan
{khaw-nan'}
A primitive root (compare H2583); properly to bend or stoop in kindness to an inferior; to favor, bestow; causatively to implore (that is, move to favor by petition).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto us, and bless 1288
{1288} Prime
בּרךְ
barak
{baw-rak'}
A primitive root; to kneel; by implication to bless God (as an act of adoration), and (vice-versa) man (as a benefit); also (by euphemism) to curse (God or the king, as treason).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
us; [and] cause his face 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
to shine 215
{0215} Prime
אוֹר
'owr
{ore}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) luminous (literally and metaphorically).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
upon x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
us; Sel סֶלָה. 5542
{5542} Prime
סֶלָה
celah
{seh'-law}
From H5541; suspension (of music), that is, pause.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 67:1

_ _ Psalms 67:1-7. A prayer that, by God’s blessing on His people, His salvation and praise may be extended over the earth.

_ _ cause his face to shine — show us favor (Numbers 6:24, Numbers 6:25; Psalms 31:16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 67:1-7

_ _ The composition of this psalm is such as denotes the penman's affections to have been very warm and lively, by which spirit of devotion he was elevated to receive the spirit of prophecy concerning the enlargement of God's kingdom.

_ _ I. He begins with a prayer for the welfare and prosperity of the church then in being, in the happiness of which he should share, and think himself happy, Psalms 67:1. Our Saviour, in teaching us to say, Our Father, has intimated that we ought to pray with and for others; so the psalmist here prays not, God be merciful to me, and bless me, but to us, and bless us; for we must make supplication for all saints, and be willing and glad to take our lot with them. We are here taught, 1. That all our happiness comes from God's mercy and takes rise in that; and therefore the first thing prayed for is, God be merciful to us, to us sinners, and pardon our sins (Luke 18:13), to us miserable sinners, and help us out of our miseries. 2. That it is conveyed by God's blessing, and secured in that: God bless us; that is, give us an interest in his promises, and confer upon us all the good contained in them. God's speaking well to us amounts to his doing well for us. God bless us is a comprehensive prayer; it is a pity such excellent words should ever be used slightly and carelessly, and as a byword. 3. That it is completed in the light of his countenance: God cause his face to shine upon us; that is, God by his grace qualify us for his favour and then give us the tokens of his favour. We need desire no more to make us happy than to have God's face shine upon us, to have God love us, and let us know that he loves us: To shine with us (so the margin reads it); with us doing our endeavour, and let it crown that endeavour with success. If we by faith walk with God, we may hope that his face will shine with us.

_ _ II. He passes from this to a prayer for the conversion of the Gentiles (Psalms 67:2): That thy way may be known upon earth. “Lord, I pray not only that thou wilt be merciful to us and bless us, but that thou wilt be merciful to all mankind, that thy way may be known upon earth.” Thus public-spirited must we be in our prayers. Father in heaven, hallowed be thy name, thy kingdom come. We shall have never the less of God's mercy, and blessing, and favour, for others coming in to share with us. Or it may be taken thus: “God be merciful to us Jews, and bless us, that thereby thy way may be known upon earth, that by the peculiar distinguishing tokens of thy favour to us others may be allured to come and join themselves to us, saying, We will go with you, for we have heard that God is with you,Zechariah 8:23.

_ _ 1. These verses, which point at the conversion of the Gentiles, may be taken, (1.) As a prayer; and so it speaks the desire of the Old Testament saints; so far were they from wishing to monopolize the privileges of the church that they desired nothing more than the throwing down of the enclosure and the laying open of the advantages. See then how the spirit of the Jews, in the days of Christ and his apostles, differed from the spirit of their fathers. The Israelites indeed that were of old desired that God's name might be known among the Gentiles; those counterfeit Jews were enraged at the preaching of the gospel to the Gentiles; nothing in Christianity exasperated them so much as that did. (2.) As a prophecy that it shall be as he here prays. Many scripture-prophecies and promises are wrapped up in prayers, to intimate that the answer of the church's prayer is as sure as the performance of God's promises.

_ _ 2. Three things are here prayed for, with reference to the Gentiles: —

_ _ (1.) That divine revelation might be sent among them, Psalms 67:2. Two things he desires might be know upon earth, even among all nations, and not to the nation of the Jews only: — [1.] God's way, the rule of duty: “Let them all know, as well as we do, what is good and what the Lord our God requires of them; let them be blessed and honoured with the same righteous statutes and judgments which are so much the praise of our nation and the envy of all its neighbours,” Deuteronomy 4:8. [2.] His saving health, or his salvation. The former is wrapped up in his law, this in his gospel. If God make known his way to us, and we walk in it, he will show us his saving health, Psalms 50:23. Those that have themselves experimentally known the pleasantness of God's ways, and the comforts of his salvation, cannot but desire and pray that they may be known to others, even among all nations. All upon earth are bound to walk in God's way, all need his salvation, and there is in it enough for all; and therefore we should pray that both the one and the other may be made known to all.

_ _ (2.) That divine worship may be set up among them, as it will be where divine revelation is received and embraced (Psalms 67:3): “Let the people praise thee, O God! let them have matter for praise, let them have hearts for praise; yea, let not only some, but all the people, praise thee,” all nations in their national capacity, some of all nations. It is again repeated (Psalms 67:5) as that which the psalmist's heart was very much upon. Those that delight in praising God themselves cannot but desire that others also may be brought to praise him, that he may have the honour of it and they may have the benefit of it. It is a prayer, [1.] That the gospel might be preached to them, and then they would have cause enough to praise God, as for the day-spring after a long and dark night. Ortus est solThe sun has risen. Acts 8:8. [2.] That they might be converted and brought into the church, and then they would have a disposition to praise God, the living and true God, and not the dumb and dunghill deities they had worshipped, Daniel 5:4. Then their hard thoughts of God would be silenced, and they would see him, in the gospel glass, to be love itself, and the proper object of praise. [3.] That they might be incorporated into solemn assemblies, and might praise God in a body, that they might all together praise him with one mind and one mouth. Thus a face of religion appears upon a land when God is publicly owned and the ordinances of religious worship are duly celebrated in religious assemblies.

_ _ (3.) That the divine government may be acknowledged and cheerfully submitted to (Psalms 67:4): O let the nations be glad, and sing for joy! Holy joy, joy in God and in his name, is the heart and soul of thankful praise. That all the people may praise thee, let the nations be glad. Those that rejoice in the Lord always will in every thing give thanks. The joy he wishes to the nations is holy joy; for it is joy in God's dominion, joy that God has taken to himself his great power and has reigned, which the unconverted nations are angry at, Revelation 11:17, Revelation 11:18. Let them be glad, [1.] That the kingdom is the Lord's (Psalms 22:28), that he, as an absolute sovereign, shall govern the nations upon earth, that by the kingdom of his providence he shall overrule the affairs of kingdoms according to the counsel of his will, though they neither know him nor own him, and that in due time he shall disciple all nations by the preaching of his gospel (Matthew 28:19) and set up the kingdom of his grace among them upon the ruin of the devil's kingdom — that he shall make them a willing people in the day of his power, and even the kingdoms of this world shall become the kingdoms of the Lord and of his Christ. [2.] That every man's judgment proceeds from the Lord. “Let them be glad that thou shalt judge the people righteously, that thou shalt give a law and gospel which shall be a righteous rule of judgment, and shalt pass an unerring sentence, according to that rule, upon all the children of men, against which there will lie no exception.” Let us all be glad that we are not to be one another's judges, but that he that judges us is the Lord, whose judgment we are sure is according to truth.

_ _ III. He concludes with a joyful prospect of all good when God shall do this, when the nations shall be converted and brought to praise God.

_ _ 1. The lower world shall smile upon them, and they shall have the fruits of that (Psalms 67:6): Then shall the earth yield her increase. Not but that God gave rain from heaven and fruitful seasons to the nations when they sat in darkness (Acts 14:17); but when they were converted the earth yielded its increase to God; the meat and the drink then became a meat-offering and a drink-offering to the Lord our God (Joel 2:14); and then it was fruitful to some good purpose. Then it yielded its increase more than before to the comfort of men, who through Christ acquired a covenant-title to the fruits of it and had a sanctified use of it. Note, The success of the gospel sometimes brings outward mercies along with it; righteousness exalts a nation. See Isaiah 4:2; Isaiah 62:9.

_ _ 2. The upper world shall smile upon them, and they shall have the favours of that, which is much better: God, even our own God, shall bless us, Psalms 67:6. And again (Psalms 67:7), God shall bless us. Note, (1.) There are a people in the world that can, upon good grounds, call God their God. (2.) Believers have reason to glory in their relation to God and the interest they have in him. It is here spoken with an air of triumph. God, even our own God. (2.) Those who through grace call God their own may with a humble confidence expect a blessing from him. If he be our God, he will bless us with special blessings. (4.) The blessing of God, as ours in covenant, is that which sweetens all our creature-comforts to us, and makes them comforts indeed; then we receive the increase of the earth as a mercy indeed when with it God, even our own God, gives us his blessing.

_ _ 3. All the world shall hereby be brought to do like them: The ends of the earth shall fear him, that is, worship him, which is to be done with a godly fear. The blessings God bestows upon us call upon us not only to love him, but to fear him, to keep up high thoughts of him and to be afraid of offending him. When the gospel begins to spread it shall get ground more and more, till it reach to the ends of the earth. The leaven hidden in the meal shall diffuse itself, till the whole be leavened. And the many blessings which those will own themselves to have received that are brought into the church invite others to join themselves to them. It is good to cast in our lot with those that are the blessed of the Lord.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 67:1

"To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm [or] Song." God be merciful unto us, and bless us; [and] (a) cause his face to shine upon us; Selah.

(a) That is, move our hearts with his Holy Spirit, that we may feel his favour toward us.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
God:

Numbers 6:24-27 The LORD bless thee, and keep thee: ... And they shall put my name upon the children of Israel; and I will bless them.
Deuteronomy 21:8 Be merciful, O LORD, unto thy people Israel, whom thou hast redeemed, and lay not innocent blood unto thy people of Israel's charge. And the blood shall be forgiven them.
2 Corinthians 13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, [be] with you all. Amen. [[[The second [epistle] to the Corinthians was written from Philippi, [a city] of Macedonia, by Titus and Lucas.]]]

bless us:

Psalms 28:9 Save thy people, and bless thine inheritance: feed them also, and lift them up for ever.
Ephesians 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly [places] in Christ:

cause:

Psalms 4:6 [There be] many that say, Who will shew us [any] good? LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us.
Psalms 31:16 Make thy face to shine upon thy servant: save me for thy mercies' sake.
Psalms 80:1-3 [[To the chief Musician upon Shoshannimeduth, A Psalm of Asaph.]] Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest [between] the cherubims, shine forth. ... Turn us again, O God, and cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved.
Psalms 80:7 Turn us again, O God of hosts, and cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved.
Psalms 80:19 Turn us again, O LORD God of hosts, cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved.
Psalms 119:135 Make thy face to shine upon thy servant; and teach me thy statutes.
2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to [give] the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

upon us:
Heb. with us
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 6:24. Dt 21:8. Ps 4:6; 28:9; 31:16; 80:1, 7, 19; 119:135. 2Co 4:6; 13:14. Ep 1:3.

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