Plural of H0433
in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God
; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates
; and sometimes as a superlative.
A primitive root; properly to flow
as water (that is, to rain
); transitively to lay
(especially an arrow, that is, to shoot
); figuratively to point
out (as if by aiming
the finger), to teach
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811
Count - 4046
at them [with
] an arrow;
; properly a piercer
, that is, an arrow
; by implication a wound
; figuratively (of God) thunder bolt
; (by interchange for H6086
) the shaft
of a spear.
shall they be
A primitive root (compare H1933
); to exist
, that is, be
, come to pass
(always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
(Plural only) from H5221
; a blow
(in 2 Chronicles 2:10, of the flail); by implication a wound
; figuratively carnage
, also pestilence
_ _ The contrast is heightened by representing God as using weapons like theirs.
_ _ We may observe here,
_ _ I. The judgments of God which should certainly come upon these malicious persecutors of David. Though they encouraged themselves in their wickedness, here is that which, if they would believe and consider it, was enough to discourage them. And it is observable how the punishment answers the sin. 1. They shot at David secretly and suddenly, to wound him; but God shall shoot at them, for the ordains his arrows against the persecutors (Psalms 7:13), against the face of them, Psalms 21:12. And God's arrows will hit surer, and fly swifter, and pierce deeper, than theirs do or can. They have many arrows, but they are only bitter words, and words are but wind: the curse causeless shall not come. But God has one arrow that will be their death, his curse which is never causeless, and therefore shall come; with it they shall be suddenly wounded, that is, their wound by it will be a surprise upon them, because they were secure and not apprehensive of any danger. 2. Their tongues fell upon him, but God shall make their tongues to fall upon themselves. They do it by the desert of their sin; God does it by the justice of his wrath, Psalms 64:8. When God deals with men according to the desert of their tongue-sins, and brings those mischiefs upon them which they have passionately and maliciously imprecated upon others, then he makes their own tongues to fall upon them; and it is weight enough to sink a man to the lowest hell, like a talent of lead. Many have cut their own throats, and many more have damned their own souls, with their tongues, and it will be an aggravation of their condemnation. O Israel! thou hast destroyed thyself, art snared in the words of thy mouth. If thou scornest, thou alone shalt bear it. Those that love cursing, it shall come unto them. Sometimes men's secret wickedness is brought to light by their own confession, and then their own tongue falls upon them.
_ _ II. The influence which these judgments should have upon others; for it is done in the open sight of all, Job 34:26.
_ _ 1. Their neighbours shall shun them and shift for their own safety. They shall flee away, as the men of Israel did from the tents of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, Numbers 16:27. Some think this was fulfilled in the death of Saul, when not only his army was dispersed, but the inhabitants of the neighbouring country were so terrified with the fall, not only of their king but of his three sons, that they quitted their cities and fled, 1 Samuel 31:7.
_ _ 2. Spectators shall reverence the providence of God therein, Psalms 64:9. (1.) They shall understand and observe God's hand in all (and, unless we do so, we are not likely to profit by the dispensations of Providence, Hosea 14:9): They shall wisely consider his doing. There is need of consideration and serious thought rightly to apprehend the matter of fact, and need of wisdom to put a true interpretation upon it. God's doing is well worth our considering (Ecclesiastes 7:13), but it must be considered wisely, that we put not a corrupt gloss upon a pure text. (2.) They shall be affected with a holy awe of God upon the consideration of it. All men (all that have any thing of the reason of a man in them) shall fear and tremble because of God's judgments, Psalms 119:120. They shall fear to do the like, fear being found persecutors of God's people. Smite the scorner and the simple shall beware. (3.) They shall declare the work of God. They shall speak to one another and to all about them of the justice of God in punishing persecutors. What we wisely consider ourselves we should wisely declare to others, for their edification and the glory of God. This is the finger of God.
_ _ 3. Good people shall in a special manner take notice of it, and it shall affect them with a holy pleasure, Psalms 64:10. (1.) It shall increase their joy: The righteous shall be glad in the Lord, not glad of the misery and ruin of their fellow-creatures, but glad that God is glorified, and his word fulfilled, and the cause of injured innocency pleaded effectually. (2.) It shall encourage their faith. They shall commit themselves to him in the way of duty and be willing to venture for him with an entire confidence in him. (3.) Their joy and faith shall both express themselves in a holy boasting: All the upright in heart, that keep a good conscience and approve themselves to God, shall glory, not in themselves, but in the favour of God, in his righteousness and goodness, their relation to him and interest in him. Let him that glories glory in the Lord.
Psalms 7:12-13 If he turn not, he will whet his sword; he hath bent his bow, and made it ready. ... He hath also prepared for him the instruments of death; he ordaineth his arrows against the persecutors.
Psalms 18:14 Yea, he sent out his arrows, and scattered them; and he shot out lightnings, and discomfited them.
Deuteronomy 32:23 I will heap mischiefs upon them; I will spend mine arrows upon them.
Deuteronomy 32:42 I will make mine arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; [and that] with the blood of the slain and of the captives, from the beginning of revenges upon the enemy.
Job 6:4 For the arrows of the Almighty [are] within me, the poison whereof drinketh up my spirit: the terrors of God do set themselves in array against me.
Lamentations 3:12-13 He hath bent his bow, and set me as a mark for the arrow. ... He hath caused the arrows of his quiver to enter into my reins.
Psalms 64:4 That they may shoot in secret at the perfect: suddenly do they shoot at him, and fear not.
Psalms 73:19 How are they [brought] into desolation, as in a moment! they are utterly consumed with terrors.
Proverbs 6:15 Therefore shall his calamity come suddenly; suddenly shall he be broken without remedy.
Proverbs 29:1 He, that being often reproved hardeneth [his] neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.
Isaiah 30:13 Therefore this iniquity shall be to you as a breach ready to fall, swelling out in a high wall, whose breaking cometh suddenly at an instant.
Matthew 24:40 Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left.
Matthew 24:50-51 The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for [him], and in an hour that he is not aware of, ... And shall cut him asunder, and appoint [him] his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
1 Thessalonians 5:2-3 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night. ... For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape.
- shall they be wounded:
- Heb. their wound shall be,
1 Kings 22:34 And a [certain] man drew a bow at a venture, and smote the king of Israel between the joints of the harness: wherefore he said unto the driver of his chariot, Turn thine hand, and carry me out of the host; for I am wounded.
1 Chronicles 10:3-7 And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him, and he was wounded of the archers. ... And when all the men of Israel that [were] in the valley saw that they fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, then they forsook their cities, and fled: and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.
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