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Psalms 64:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Who have whet their tongue like a sword, And have aimed their arrows, even bitter words,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who whet their tongue like a sword, [and] bend [their bows to shoot] their arrows, [even] bitter words:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Who have sharpened their tongue like a sword. They aimed bitter speech [as] their arrow,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who whet their tongue like a sword, [and] bend [their bows to shoot] their arrows, [even] bitter words:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Who have sharpened their tongue like a sword, [and] have aimed their arrow, a bitter word;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who have sharpened, like a sword, their tongue, Have made ready their arrow—a bitter word;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Who sharpened as a sword their tongue, They directed their arrow—a bitter word.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For they have whetted their tongues like a sword; they have bent their bow a bitter thing,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who whet their tongue like a sword, and bend [their bowes to shoote] their arrowes, [euen] bitter words:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— who have sharpened their tongues as a sword; they have bent their bow maliciously;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Who whet their tongue like a sword, [and] bend [their bows to shoot] their arrows, [even] bitter words:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
whet 8150
{8150} Prime
שָׁנַן
shanan
{shaw-nan'}
A primitive root; to point (transitively or intransitively); intensively to pierce; figuratively to inculcate.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
their tongue 3956
{3956} Prime
לָשׁוֹן
lashown
{law-shone'}
From H3960; the tongue (of man or animals), used literally (as the instrument of licking, eating, or speech), and figuratively (speech, an ingot, a fork of flame, a cove of water).
like a sword, 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
[and] bend 1869
{1869} Prime
דָּרַךְ
darak
{daw-rak'}
A primitive root; to tread; by implication to walk; also to string a bow (by treading on it in bending).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[their bows to shoot] their arrows, 2671
{2671} Prime
חֵץ
chets
{khayts}
From H2686; properly a piercer, that is, an arrow; by implication a wound; figuratively (of God) thunder bolt; (by interchange for H6086) the shaft of a spear.
[even] bitter 4751
{4751} Prime
מַר
mar
{mar}
From H4843; bitter (literally or figuratively); also (as noun) bitterness, or (adverbially) bitterly.
words: 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 64:3-4

_ _ Similar figures for slander (Psalms 57:4; Psalms 59:7).

_ _ bend — literally, “tread,” or, “prepared.” The allusion is to the mode of bending a bow by treading on it; here, and in Psalms 58:7, transferred to arrows.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 64:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 64:3

Who whet their tongue like a sword, [and] bend [their bows to shoot] their arrows, [even] (d) bitter words:

(d) False reports and slanders.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
whet:

Psalms 57:4 My soul [is] among lions: [and] I lie [even among] them that are set on fire, [even] the sons of men, whose teeth [are] spears and arrows, and their tongue a sharp sword.
Proverbs 12:18 There is that speaketh like the piercings of a sword: but the tongue of the wise [is] health.
Proverbs 30:14 [There is] a generation, whose teeth [are as] swords, and their jaw teeth [as] knives, to devour the poor from off the earth, and the needy from [among] men.
Isaiah 54:17 No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue [that] shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This [is] the heritage of the servants of the LORD, and their righteousness [is] of me, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 9:3 And they bend their tongues [like] their bow [for] lies: but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the LORD.
James 3:6-8 And the tongue [is] a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell. ... But the tongue can no man tame; [it is] an unruly evil, full of deadly poison.

bend:

Psalms 11:2 For, lo, the wicked bend [their] bow, they make ready their arrow upon the string, that they may privily shoot at the upright in heart.
Psalms 58:7 Let them melt away as waters [which] run continually: [when] he bendeth [his bow to shoot] his arrows, let them be as cut in pieces.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 11:2; 57:4; 58:7. Pv 12:18; 30:14. Is 54:17. Jr 9:3. Jm 3:6.

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