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Psalms 64:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[For the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.]] Hear my voice, O God, in my complaint: Preserve my life from fear of the enemy.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Hear my voice, O God, in my prayer: preserve my life from fear of the enemy.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[For the choir director. A Psalm of David.]] Hear my voice, O God, in my complaint; Preserve my life from dread of the enemy.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[To the chief Musician, a Psalm of David.]] Hear my voice, O God, in my prayer: preserve my life from fear of the enemy.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[To the chief Musician. A Psalm of David.]] Hear, O God, my voice in my plaint; preserve my life from fear of the enemy:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[To the Chief Musician. A Melody of David.]] Hear, O God, my voice when I complain, From dread peril by the foe, wilt thou guard my life.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To the Overseer.—A Psalm of David. Hear, O God, my voice, in my meditation, From the fear of an enemy Thou keepest my life,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Unto the end, a psalm for David. Hear O God, my prayer, when I make supplication to thee: deliver my soul from the fear of the enemy.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[To the chiefe musician, a Psalme of Dauid.]] Heare my voice, O God, in my praier; preserue my life from feare of the enemie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[For the end, a Psalm of David.]] Hear my prayer, O God, when I make my petition to thee; deliver my soul from fear of the enemy.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of Dawid.]] Hear my voice, O Elohim, in my prayer: preserve my life from fear of the enemy.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[To the chief Musician, 5329
{5329} Prime
A primitive root; properly to glitter from afar, that is, to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from H5331), to be permanent.
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
A Psalm 4210
{4210} Prime
From H2167; properly instrumental music; by implication a poem set to notes.
of Dwi דָּוִד.]] 1732
{1732} Prime
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
Hear 8085
{8085} Prime
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
my voice, 6963
{6963} Prime
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
O lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
in my prayer: 7879
{7879} Prime
From H7878; a contemplation; by implication an utterance.
preserve 5341
{5341} Prime
A primitive root; to guard, in a good sense (to protect, maintain, obey, etc.) or a bad one (to conceal, etc.).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
my life 2416
{2416} Prime
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
from fear 6343
{6343} Prime
From H6342; a (sudden) alarm (properly the object feared, by implication the feeling).
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the enemy. 341
{0341} Prime
Active participle of H0340; hating; an adversary.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 64:1

_ _ Psalms 64:1-10. A prayer for deliverance from cunning and malicious enemies, with a confident view of their overthrow, which will honor God and give joy to the righteous.

_ _ preserve ... fear — as well as the danger producing it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 64:1-6

_ _ David, in these verses, puts in before God a representation of his own danger and of his enemies' character, to enforce his petition that God would protect him and punish them.

_ _ I. He earnestly begs of God to preserve him (Psalms 64:1, Psalms 64:2): Hear my voice, O God! in my prayer; that is, grant me the thing I pray for, and this is it, Lord, preserve my life from fear of the enemy, that is, fro the enemy that I am in fear of. He makes request for his life, which is, in a particular manner, dear to him, because he knows it is designed to be very serviceable to God and his generation. When his life is struck at it cannot be thought he should altogether hold his peace, Esther 7:2, Esther 7:4. And, if he plead his fear of the enemy, it is no disparagement to his courage; his father Jacob, that prince with God, did so before him. Genesis 32:11, Deliver me from the hand of Esau, for I fear him. Preserve my life from fear, not only from the thing itself which I fear, but from the disquieting fear of it; this is, in effect, the preservation of the life, for fear has torment, particularly the fear of death, by reason of which some are all their life-time subject to bondage. He prays, “Hide me from the secret counsel of the wicked, from the mischief which they secretly consult among themselves to do against me, and from the insurrection of the workers of iniquity, who join forces, as they join counsels, to do me a mischief.” Observe, The secret counsel ends in an insurrection; treasonable practices begin in treasonable confederacies and conspiracies. “Hide me from them, that they may not find me, that they may not reach me. Let me be safe under thy protection.”

_ _ II. He complains of the great malice and wickedness of his enemies: “Lord, hide me from them, for they are the worst of men, not fit to be connived at; they are dangerous men, that will stick at nothing; so that I am undone if thou do not take my part.”

_ _ 1. They are very spiteful in their calumnies and reproaches, Psalms 64:3, Psalms 64:4. They are described as military men, with their sword and bow, archers that take aim exactly, secretly, and suddenly, and shoot at the harmless bird that apprehends not herself in any danger. But, (1.) Their tongues are their swords, flaming swords, two-edged swords, drawn swords, drawn in anger, with which they cut, and wound, and kill, the good name of their neighbours. The tongue is a little member, but, like the sword, it boasts great things, James 3:5. It is a dangerous weapon. (2.) Bitter words are their arrows — scurrilous reflections, opprobrious nicknames, false representations, slanders, and calumnies, the fiery darts of the wicked one, set on fire to hell. For these their malice bends their bows, to send out these arrows with so much the more force. (3.) The upright man is their mark; against him their spleen is, and they cannot speak peaceably either of him or to him. The better any man is the more he is envied by those that are themselves bad, and the more ill is said of him. (4.) They manage it with a great deal of art and subtlety. They shoot in secret, that those they shoot at may not discover them and avoid the danger, for in vain is the net spread in the sight of any bird. And suddenly do they shoot, without giving a man lawful warning or any opportunity to defend himself. Cursed be he that thus smites his neighbour secretly in his reputation, Deuteronomy 27:24. There is no guard against a pass made by a false tongue. (5.) Herein they fear not, that is, they are confident of their success, and doubt not but by these methods they shall gain the point which their malice aims at. Or, rather, they fear not the wrath of God, which they will be the portion of a false tongue. They are impudent and daring in the mischief they do to good people, as if they must never be called to an account for it.

_ _ 2. They are very close and very resolute in their malicious projects, Psalms 64:5. (1.) They strengthen and corroborate themselves and one another in this evil matter, and by joining together in it they make one another the more bitter and the more bold. Fortiter calumniari, aliquid adhaerebitLay on an abundance of reproach; part will be sure to stick. It is bad to do a wrong thing, but worse to encourage ourselves and one another in doing it; this is doing the devil's work for him. It is a sign that the heart is hardened to the highest degree when it is thus fully set to do evil and fears no colours. It is the office of conscience to discourage men in an evil matter, but, when that is baffled, the case is desperate. (2.) They consult with themselves and one another how to do the most mischief and most effectually: They commune of laying snares privily. All their communion is in sin and all their communication is how to sin securely. They hold councils of war for finding out the most effectual expedients to do mischief; every snare they lay was talked of before, and was laid with all the contrivance of their wicked wits combined. (3.) They please themselves with an atheistical conceit that God himself takes no notice of their wicked practices: They say, Who shall see them? A practical disbelief of God's omniscience is at the bottom of all the wickedness of the wicked.

_ _ 3. They are very industrious in putting their projects in execution (Psalms 64:6): “They search out iniquity; they take a great deal of pains to find out some iniquity or other to lay to my charge; they dig deep, and look far back, and put things to the utmost stretch, that they may have something to accuse me of;” or, “They are industrious to find out new arts of doing mischief to me; in this they accomplish a diligent search; they go through with it, and spare neither cost nor labour.” Evil men dig up mischief. Half the pains that many take to damn their souls would serve to save them. They are masters of all the arts of mischief and destruction, for the inward thought of every one of them, and the heart, are keep, deep as hell, desperately wicked, who can know it? By the unaccountable wickedness of their wit and of their will, they show themselves to be, both in subtlety and malignity, the genuine offspring of the old serpent.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 64:1

"To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David." Hear my (a) voice, O God, in my prayer: preserve my life from fear of the enemy.

(a) In that he calls to God with his voice, it is a sign that his prayer was vehement, and that his life was in danger.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 2943, bc 1061


Psalms 27:7 Hear, O LORD, [when] I cry with my voice: have mercy also upon me, and answer me.
Psalms 55:1-2 [[To the chief Musician on Neginoth, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David.]] Give ear to my prayer, O God; and hide not thyself from my supplication. ... Attend unto me, and hear me: I mourn in my complaint, and make a noise;
Psalms 130:1-2 [[A Song of degrees.]] Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O LORD. ... Lord, hear my voice: let thine ears be attentive to the voice of my supplications.
Psalms 141:1 [[A Psalm of David.]] LORD, I cry unto thee: make haste unto me; give ear unto my voice, when I cry unto thee.
Psalms 143:1-3 [[A Psalm of David.]] Hear my prayer, O LORD, give ear to my supplications: in thy faithfulness answer me, [and] in thy righteousness. ... For the enemy hath persecuted my soul; he hath smitten my life down to the ground; he hath made me to dwell in darkness, as those that have been long dead.
Lamentations 3:55-56 I called upon thy name, O LORD, out of the low dungeon. ... Thou hast heard my voice: hide not thine ear at my breathing, at my cry.


Psalms 17:8-9 Keep me as the apple of the eye, hide me under the shadow of thy wings, ... From the wicked that oppress me, [from] my deadly enemies, [who] compass me about.
Psalms 31:13-15 For I have heard the slander of many: fear [was] on every side: while they took counsel together against me, they devised to take away my life. ... My times [are] in thy hand: deliver me from the hand of mine enemies, and from them that persecute me.
Psalms 34:4 I sought the LORD, and he heard me, and delivered me from all my fears.
Psalms 56:2-4 Mine enemies would daily swallow [me] up: for [they be] many that fight against me, O thou most High. ... In God I will praise his word, in God I have put my trust; I will not fear what flesh can do unto me.
Acts 18:9-10 Then spake the Lord to Paul in the night by a vision, Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not thy peace: ... For I am with thee, and no man shall set on thee to hurt thee: for I have much people in this city.
Acts 27:24 Saying, Fear not, Paul; thou must be brought before Caesar: and, lo, God hath given thee all them that sail with thee.
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