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Psalms 63:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.]] O God, thou art my God; earnestly will I seek thee: My soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee, In a dry and weary land, where no water is.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.]] O God, thou [art] my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.]] O God, You are my God; I shall seek You earnestly; My soul thirsts for You, my flesh yearns for You, In a dry and weary land where there is no water.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.]] O God, thou [art] my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[A Psalm of David; when he was in the wilderness of Judah.]] O God, thou art my *God; early will I seek thee. My soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh languisheth for thee, in a dry and weary land without water:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[A Melody of David. When he was in the Wilderness of Judah.]] O God, my GOD, thou art, Earnestly do I desire thee,—My soul thirsteth for thee, My flesh fainteth for thee, In a land—dry, and weary for want of water,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A Psalm of David, in his being in the wilderness of Judah. O God, Thou [art] my God, earnestly do I seek Thee, Thirsted for Thee hath my soul, Longed for Thee hath my flesh, In a land dry and weary, without waters.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A psalm of David while he was in the desert of Edom. O God, my God, to thee do I watch at break of day. For thee my soul hath thirsted; for thee my flesh, O how many ways!
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[A Psalme of Dauid, when hee was in the wildernesse of Iudah.]] O God, thou [art] my God, earely will I seeke thee: my soule thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee, in a drie and thirstie lande, where no water is:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Edom{gr.Idumea}.]] O God, my God, I cry to thee early; my soul has thirsted for thee: how often has my flesh [longed] after thee, in a barren and trackless and dry land!
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[A Psalm of Dawid, when he was in the wilderness of Yehudah.]] O Elohim, thou [art] my El; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[A Psalm 4210
{4210} Prime
מִזְמוֹר
mizmowr
{miz-more'}
From H2167; properly instrumental music; by implication a poem set to notes.
of Dwi דָּוִד, 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
when he was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in the wilderness 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
of Yh יְהוּדָה.]] 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
O lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
thou x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
[art] my l אֵל; 410
{0410} Prime
אֵל
'el
{ale}
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
early will I seek 7836
{7836} Prime
שָׁחַר
shachar
{shaw-khar'}
A primitive root; properly to dawn, that is, (figuratively) be (up) early at any task (with the implication of earnestness); by extension to search for (with painstaking).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
thee: my soul 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
thirsteth 6770
{6770} Prime
צָמֵא
tsame'
{tsaw-may'}
A primitive root; to thirst (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
for thee, my flesh 1320
{1320} Prime
בָּשָׂר
basar
{baw-sawr'}
From H1319; flesh (from its freshness); by extension body, person; also (by euphemism) the pudenda of a man.
longeth 3642
{3642} Prime
כָּמַה
kamahh
{kaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to pine after.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
for thee in a dry 6723
{6723} Prime
צִיָּה
tsiyah
{tsee-yaw'}
From an unused root meaning to parch; aridity; concretely a desert.
and thirsty 5889
{5889} Prime
עָיֵף
`ayeph
{aw-yafe'}
From H5888; languid.
land, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
where no 1097
{1097} Prime
בְּלִי
b@liy
{bel-ee'}
From H1086; properly failure, that is, nothing or destruction; usually (with preposition) without, not yet, because not, as long as, etc.
water 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
is;
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 63:1

_ _ Psalms 63:1-11. The historical occasion referred to by the title was probably during Absalom’s rebellion (compare 2 Samuel 15:23, 2 Samuel 15:28; 2 Samuel 16:2). David expresses an earnest desire for God’s favor, and a confident expectation of realizing it in his deliverance and the ruin of his enemies.

_ _ early ... seek thee — earnestly (Isaiah 26:9). The figurative terms —

_ _ dry and thirsty — literally, “weary,” denoting moral destitution, suited his outward circumstances.

_ _ soul — and — flesh — the whole man (Psalms 16:9, Psalms 16:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 63:1-2

_ _ The title tells us when the psalm was penned, when David was in the wilderness of Judah; that is, in the forest of Hareth (1 Samuel 22:5) or in the wilderness of Ziph, 1 Samuel 23:15. 1. Even in Canaan, though a fruitful land and the people numerous, yet there were wildernesses, places less fruitful and less inhabited than other places. It will be so in the world, in the church, but not in heaven; there it is all city, all paradise, and no desert ground; the wilderness there shall blossom as the rose. 2. The best and dearest of God's saints and servants may sometimes have their lot cast in a wilderness, which speaks them lonely and solitary, desolate and afflicted, wanting, wandering, and unsettled, and quite at a loss what to do with themselves. 3. All the straits and difficulties of a wilderness must not put us out of tune for sacred songs; but even then it is our duty and interest to keep up a cheerful communion with God. There are psalms proper for a wilderness, and we have reason to thank God that it is the wilderness of Judah we are in, not the wilderness of Sin.

_ _ David, in these verses, stirs up himself to take hold on God,

_ _ I. By a lively active faith: O God! thou art my God. Note, In all our addresses to God we must eye him as God, and our God, and this will be our comfort in a wilderness-state. We must acknowledge that God is, that we speak to one that really exists and is present with us, when we say, O God! which is a serious word; pity it should ever be used as a by-word. And we must own his authority over us and propriety in us, and our relation to him: “Thou art my God, mine by creation and therefore my rightful owner and ruler, mine by covenant and my own consent.” We must speak it with the greatest pleasure to ourselves, and thankfulness to God, as those that are resolved to abide by it: O God! thou art my God.

_ _ II. By pious and devout affections, pursuant to the choice he had made of God and the covenant he had made with him.

_ _ 1. He resolves to seek God, and his favour and grace: Thou art my God, and therefore I will seek thee; for should not a people seek unto their God? Isaiah 8:19. We must seek him; we must covet his favour as our chief good and consult his glory as our highest end; we must seek acquaintance with him by his word and seek mercy from him by prayer. We must seek him, (1.) Early, with the utmost care, as those that are afraid of missing him; we must begin our days with him, begin every day with him: Early will I seek thee. (2.) Earnestly: “My soul thirsteth for thee and my flesh longeth for thee (that is, my whole man is affected with this pursuit) here in a dry and thirsty land.” Observe, [1.] His complaint in the want of God's favourable presence. He was in a dry and thirsty land; so he reckoned it, not so much because it was a wilderness as because it was at a distance from the ark, from the word and sacraments. This world is a weary land (so the word is); it is so to the worldly that have their portion in it — it will yield them no true satisfaction; it is so to the godly that have their passage through it — it is a valley of Baca; they can promise themselves little from it. [2.] His importunity for that presence of God: My soul thirsteth, longeth, for thee. His want quickened his desires, which were very intense; he thirsted as the hunted hart for the water-brooks; he would take up with nothing short of it. His desires were almost impatient; he longed, he languished, till he should be restored to the liberty of God's ordinances. Note, Gracious souls look down upon the world with a holy disdain and look up to God with a holy desire.

_ _ 2. He longs to enjoy God. What is it that he does so passionately wish for? What is his petition and what is his request? It is this (Psalms 63:2), To see thy power and thy glory, so as I have seen thee in the sanctuary. That is, (1.) “To see it here in this wilderness as I have seen it in the tabernacle, to see it in secret as I have seen it in the solemn assembly.” Note, When we are deprived of the benefit of public ordinances we should desire and endeavour to keep up the same communion with God in our retirements that we have had in the great congregation. A closet may be turned into a little sanctuary. Ezekiel had the visions of the Almighty in Babylon, and John in the isle of Patmos. When we are alone we may have the Father with us, and that is enough. (2.) “To see it again in the sanctuary as I have formerly seen it there.” He longs to be brought out of the wilderness, not that he might see his friends again and be restored to the pleasures and gaieties of the court, but that he might have access to the sanctuary, not to see the priests there, and the ceremony of the worship, but to see thy power and glory (that is, thy glorious power, or thy powerful glory, which is put for all God's attributes and perfections), “that I may increase in my acquaintance with them and have the agreeable impressions of them made upon my heart” — so to behold the glory of the Lord as to be changed into the same image, 2 Corinthians 3:18. “That I may see thy power and glory,” he does not say, as I have seen them, but “as I have seen thee.” We cannot see the essence of God, but we see him in seeing by faith his attributes and perfections. These sights David here pleases himself with the remembrance of. Those were precious minutes which he spent in communion with God; he loved to think them over again; these he lamented the loss of, and longed to be restored to. Note, That which has been the delight and is the desire of gracious souls, in their attendance on solemn ordinances, is to see God and his power and glory in them.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 63:1

Early — Heb. in the morning, Which implies the doing it with diligence and speed. Thirsteth — For the enjoyment of thee in thy house and ordinances. Flesh — The desire of my soul, is so vehement, that my very body feels the effects of it. No water — In a land where I want the refreshing waters of the sanctuary.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 63:1

"A Psalm of David, when he was in the (a) wilderness of Judah." O God, thou [art] my God; early will I seek thee: my soul (b) thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;

(a) That is, of Ziph (1 Samuel 23:14).

(b) Though he was both hungry and in great distress, yet he made God above all meat and drink.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thou:

Psalms 31:14 But I trusted in thee, O LORD: I said, Thou [art] my God.
Psalms 42:11 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him, [who is] the health of my countenance, and my God.
Psalms 91:2 I will say of the LORD, [He is] my refuge and my fortress: my God; in him will I trust.
Psalms 118:28 Thou [art] my God, and I will praise thee: [thou art] my God, I will exalt thee.
Psalms 143:10 Teach me to do thy will; for thou [art] my God: thy spirit [is] good; lead me into the land of uprightness.
Exodus 15:2 The LORD [is] my strength and song, and he is become my salvation: he [is] my God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my father's God, and I will exalt him.
Jeremiah 31:1 At the same time, saith the LORD, will I be the God of all the families of Israel, and they shall be my people.
Jeremiah 31:33 But this [shall be] the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It [is] my people: and they shall say, The LORD [is] my God.
John 20:17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and [to] my God, and your God.

early:

Psalms 5:3 My voice shalt thou hear in the morning, O LORD; in the morning will I direct [my prayer] unto thee, and will look up.
Psalms 78:34 When he slew them, then they sought him: and they returned and enquired early after God.
Job 8:5 If thou wouldest seek unto God betimes, and make thy supplication to the Almighty;
Proverbs 1:27-28 When your fear cometh as desolation, and your destruction cometh as a whirlwind; when distress and anguish cometh upon you. ... Then shall they call upon me, but I will not answer; they shall seek me early, but they shall not find me:
Proverbs 8:17 I love them that love me; and those that seek me early shall find me.
Song of Songs 3:1-3 By night on my bed I sought him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not. ... The watchmen that go about the city found me: [to whom I said], Saw ye him whom my soul loveth?
Hosea 5:15 I will go [and] return to my place, till they acknowledge their offence, and seek my face: in their affliction they will seek me early.
Matthew 6:33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.

soul:

Psalms 42:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah.]] As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God. ... My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear before God?
Psalms 84:2 My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of the LORD: my heart and my flesh crieth out for the living God.
Psalms 119:81 CAPH. My soul fainteth for thy salvation: [but] I hope in thy word.
Psalms 143:6 I stretch forth my hands unto thee: my soul [thirsteth] after thee, as a thirsty land. Selah.
John 7:37 In the last day, that great [day] of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink.
Revelation 7:16-17 They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat. ... For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.

flesh:

Psalms 102:3-5 For my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth. ... By reason of the voice of my groaning my bones cleave to my skin.
Song of Songs 5:8 I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, if ye find my beloved, that ye tell him, that I [am] sick of love.

dry and thirsty land, where no water is:
Heb. weary land without water,
Exodus 17:3 And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore [is] this [that] thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?
Isaiah 32:2 And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.
Isaiah 35:7 And the parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water: in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, [shall be] grass with reeds and rushes.
Isaiah 41:18 I will open rivers in high places, and fountains in the midst of the valleys: I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land springs of water.
Matthew 12:43 When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none.
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Ex 15:2; 17:3. Jb 8:5. Ps 5:3; 31:14; 42:1, 11; 78:34; 84:2; 91:2; 102:3; 118:28; 119:81; 143:6, 10. Pv 1:27; 8:17. So 3:1; 5:8. Is 32:2; 35:7; 41:18. Jr 31:1, 33. Ho 5:15. Zc 13:9. Mt 6:33; 12:43. Jn 7:37; 20:17. Rv 7:16.

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