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Psalms 61:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For thou, O God, hast heard my vows: Thou hast given [me] the heritage of those that fear thy name.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For thou, O God, hast heard my vows: thou hast given [me] the heritage of those that fear thy name.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For You have heard my vows, O God; You have given [me] the inheritance of those who fear Your name.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For thou, O God, hast heard my vows: thou hast given [me] the heritage of those that fear thy name.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For thou, O God, hast heard my vows; thou hast given [me] the inheritance of those that fear thy name.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, thou, O God, hast hearkened to my vows, Thou hast granted a possession, unto them who revere thy Name.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For Thou, O God, hast hearkened to my vows, Thou hast appointed the inheritance Of those fearing Thy name.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For thou, my God, hast heard my prayer: thou hast given an inheritance to them that fear thy name.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For thou, O God, hast heard my vowes: thou hast giuen [me] the heritage of those that feare thy name.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For thou, o God, hast heard my prayers; thou hast given an inheritance to them that fear thy name.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For thou, O Elohim, hast heard my vows: thou hast given [me] the heritage of those that fear thy name.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
thou, x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
O lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
hast heard 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
my vows: 5088
{5088} Prime
נֶדֶר
neder
{neh'-der}
From H5087; a promise (to God); also (concretely) a thing promised.
thou hast given 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[me] the heritage 3425
{3425} Prime
יְרֻשָּׁה
y@rushah
{yer-oosh-shaw'}
From H2423; something occupied; a conquest; also a patrimony.
of those that fear 3373
{3373} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
From H3372; fearing; morally reverent.
thy name. 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 61:5

_ _ the heritage — or, part in the spiritual blessings of Israel (Psalms 21:2-4).

_ _ vows — implies prayers.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 61:5-8

_ _ In these verses we may observe,

_ _ I. With what pleasure David looks back upon what God had done for him formerly (Psalms 61:5): Thou, O God! hast heard my vows, that is, 1. “The vows themselves which I made, and with which I bound my soul: thou hast taken notice of them; thou hast accepted them, because made in sincerity, and been well pleased with them; thou hast been mindful of them, and put me in mind of them.” God put Jacob in mind of his vows, Genesis 31:13; Genesis 35:1. note, God is a witness to all our vows, all our good purposes, and all our solemn promises of new obedience. He keeps an account of them, which should be a good reason with us, as it was with David here, why we should perform our vows, Psalms 61:8. For he that hears the vows we made will make us hear respecting them if they be not made good. 2. “The prayers that went along with those vows; those thou hast graciously heard and answered,” which encouraged him now to pray, O God! hear my cry. He that never did say to the seed of Jacob, Seek you me in vain, will not now begin to say so. “Thou hast heard my vows, and given a real answer to them; for thou hast given me a heritage of those that fear thy name.” Note, (1.) There is a peculiar people in the world that fear God name, that with a holy awe and reverence accept of and accommodate themselves to all the discoveries he is pleased to make of himself to the children of men. (2.) There is a heritage peculiar to that peculiar people, present comforts, earnests of their future bliss. God himself is their inheritance, their portion for ever. The Levites that had God for their inheritance must take up with him, and not expect a lot like their brethren; so those that fear God have enough in him, and therefore must not complain if they have but little of the world. (3.) We need desire no better heritage than that of those who fear God. If God deal with us as he uses to deal with those that love his name we need not desire to be any better dealt with.

_ _ II. With what assurance he looks forward to the continuance of his life (Psalms 61:6): Thou shalt prolong the king's life. This may be understood either, 1. Of himself. If it was penned before he came to the crown, yet, being anointed by Samuel, and knowing what God had spoken in his holiness, he could in faith call himself the king, though now persecuted as an out-law; or perhaps it was penned when Absalom sought to dethrone him, and force him into exile. There were those that aimed to shorten his life, but he trusted to God to prolong his life, which he did to the age of man set by Moses (namely, seventy years), which, being spent in serving his generation according to the will of God (Acts 13:36), might be reckoned as many generations, because many generations would be the better for him. His resolution was to abide in God's tabernacle for ever (Psalms 61:4), in a way of duty; and now his hope is that he shall abide before God for ever, in a way of comfort. Those abide to good purpose in this world that abide before God, that serve him and walk in his fear; and those that do so shall abide before him for ever. He speaks of himself in the third person, because the psalm was delivered to the chief musician for the use of the church, and he would have the people, in singing it, to be encouraged with an assurance that, notwithstanding the malice of his enemies, their king, as they wished, should live for ever. Or, 2. Of the Messiah, the King of whom he was a type. It was a comfort to David to think, whatever became of him, that the years of the Lord's Anointed would be as many generations, and that of the increase of his government and peace there should be no end. The Mediator shall abide before God for ever, for he always appears in the presence of God for us, and ever lives, making intercession; and, because he lives, we shall live also.

_ _ III. With what importunity he begs of God to take him and keep him always under his protection: O prepare mercy and truth which may preserve him! God's promises and our faith in them are not to supersede, but to quicken and encourage prayer. David is sure that God will prolong his life, and therefore prays that he would preserve it, not that he would prepare him a strong lifeguard, or a well-fortified castle, but that he would prepare mercy and truth for his preservation; that is, that God's goodness would provide for his safety according to the promise. We need not desire to be better secured than under the protection of God's mercy and truth. This may be applied to the Messiah: “Let him be sent in the fulness of time, in performance of the truth to Jacob and the mercy to Abraham.Micah 7:20; Luke 1:72, Luke 1:73.

_ _ IV. With what cheerfulness he vows the grateful returns of duty to God (Psalms 61:8): So will I sing praise unto thy name for ever. Note, God's preservation of us calls upon us to praise him; and therefore we should desire to live, that we may praise him: Let my soul live, and it shall praise thee. We must make praising God the work of our time, even to the last (as long as our lives are prolonged we must continue praising God), and then it shall be made the work of our eternity, and we shall be praising him for ever. That I may daily perform my vows. His praising God was itself the performance of his vows, and it disposed his heart to the performance of his vows in other instances. Note, 1. The vows we have made we must conscientiously perform. 2. Praising God and paying our vows to him must be our constant daily work; every day we must be doing something towards it, because it is all but little in comparison with what is due, because we daily receive fresh mercies, and because, if we think much to do it daily, we cannot expect to be doing it eternally.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 61:5

Heritage — Thou hast granted me this singular mercy, to live in God's land, to enjoy his presence, and to worship in his tabernacle; which is the heritage that all that fear thee, prize and desire above all things.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 61:5

For thou, O God, (c) hast heard my vows: thou hast given [me] the heritage of those that fear thy name.

(c) There is nothing that strengthens our faith more than the memory of God's help in times past.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
hast heard:

Psalms 56:12 Thy vows [are] upon me, O God: I will render praises unto thee.
Psalms 65:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm [and] Song of David.]] Praise waiteth for thee, O God, in Sion: and unto thee shall the vow be performed.
Psalms 66:19 [But] verily God hath heard [me]; he hath attended to the voice of my prayer.

heritage:

Psalms 16:5-6 The LORD [is] the portion of mine inheritance and of my cup: thou maintainest my lot. ... The lines are fallen unto me in pleasant [places]; yea, I have a goodly heritage.
Psalms 115:13 He will bless them that fear the LORD, [both] small and great.
Malachi 3:16-18 Then they that feared the LORD spake often one to another: and the LORD hearkened, and heard [it], and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon his name. ... Then shall ye return, and discern between the righteous and the wicked, between him that serveth God and him that serveth him not.
Acts 10:35 But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him.
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Ps 16:5; 56:12; 65:1; 66:19; 115:13. Mal 3:16. Ac 10:35.

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