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Psalms 60:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou hast showed thy people hard things: Thou hast made us to drink the wine of staggering.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou hast shewed thy people hard things: thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— You have made Your people experience hardship; You have given us wine to drink that makes us stagger.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou hast shown thy people hard things: thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou hast shewn thy people hard things; thou hast made us to drink the wine of bewilderment.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou hast suffered thy people to see hardship, Thou hast let them drink the wine of confusion.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thou hast shewn Thy people a hard thing, Thou hast caused us to drink wine of trembling.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou hast shewn thy people hard things; thou hast made us drink the wine of sorrow.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou hast shewed thy people hard things: thou hast made vs to drinke the wine of astonishment.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou hast shewn thy people hard things: thou has made us drink the wine of astonishment.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou hast shewed thy people hard things: thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou hast shewed 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
thy people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
hard x7186
(7186) Complement
קָשֶׁה
qasheh
{kaw-sheh'}
From H7185; severe (in various applications).
things: y7186
[7186] Standard
קָשֶׁה
qasheh
{kaw-sheh'}
From H7185; severe (in various applications).
thou hast made us to drink 8248
{8248} Prime
שָׁקָה
shaqah
{shaw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to quaff, that is, (causatively) to irrigate or furnish a potion to.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
the wine 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
of astonishment. 8653
{8653} Prime
תַּרְעֵלָה
tar`elah
{tar-ay-law'}
From H7477; reeling.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 60:1-3.


Psalms 60:3

_ _ drink ... wine of astonishment — literally, “of staggering” — that is, made us weak (compare Psalms 75:8; Isaiah 51:17, Isaiah 51:22).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 60:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 60:3

To drink — Thou hast filled us with no less honor, than men intoxicated with strong drink.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 60:3

Thou hast (e) shewed thy people hard things: thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment.

(e) You have handled your people sharply, in asking from them sense and judgment in that they aided Saul the wicked King, and punished him to whom God had given the just title of the realm.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
showed:

Psalms 71:20 [Thou], which hast shewed me great and sore troubles, shalt quicken me again, and shalt bring me up again from the depths of the earth.
Nehemiah 9:32 Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the terrible God, who keepest covenant and mercy, let not all the trouble seem little before thee, that hath come upon us, on our kings, on our princes, and on our priests, and on our prophets, and on our fathers, and on all thy people, since the time of the kings of Assyria unto this day.
Daniel 9:12 And he hath confirmed his words, which he spake against us, and against our judges that judged us, by bringing upon us a great evil: for under the whole heaven hath not been done as hath been done upon Jerusalem.

to drink:

Psalms 75:8 For in the hand of the LORD [there is] a cup, and the wine is red; it is full of mixture; and he poureth out of the same: but the dregs thereof, all the wicked of the earth shall wring [them] out, [and] drink [them].
Isaiah 51:17 Awake, awake, stand up, O Jerusalem, which hast drunk at the hand of the LORD the cup of his fury; thou hast drunken the dregs of the cup of trembling, [and] wrung [them] out.
Isaiah 51:22 Thus saith thy Lord the LORD, and thy God [that] pleadeth the cause of his people, Behold, I have taken out of thine hand the cup of trembling, [even] the dregs of the cup of my fury; thou shalt no more drink it again:
Jeremiah 25:15 For thus saith the LORD God of Israel unto me; Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it.
Lamentations 4:21 Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom, that dwellest in the land of Uz; the cup also shall pass through unto thee: thou shalt be drunken, and shalt make thyself naked.
Ezekiel 23:31-32 Thou hast walked in the way of thy sister; therefore will I give her cup into thine hand. ... Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou shalt drink of thy sister's cup deep and large: thou shalt be laughed to scorn and had in derision; it containeth much.
Habakkuk 2:16 Thou art filled with shame for glory: drink thou also, and let thy foreskin be uncovered: the cup of the LORD'S right hand shall be turned unto thee, and shameful spewing [shall be] on thy glory.
Revelation 16:19 And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath.
Revelation 18:16 And saying, Alas, alas, that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls!
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ne 9:32. Ps 71:20; 75:8. Is 51:17, 22. Jr 25:15. Lm 4:21. Ezk 23:31. Dn 9:12. Hab 2:16. Rv 16:19; 18:16.

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