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Psalms 59:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul; The mighty gather themselves together against me: Not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not [for] my transgression, nor [for] my sin, O LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For behold, they have set an ambush for my life; Fierce men launch an attack against me, Not for my transgression nor for my sin, O LORD,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not [for] my transgression, nor [for] my sin, O LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For behold, they lie in wait for my soul; strong ones are gathered against me: not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For lo! they have lain in wait for my life, Mighty ones stir up strife against me, Without transgression of mine, and without sin of mine, O Yahweh;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For, lo, they laid wait for my soul, Assembled against me are strong ones, Not my transgression nor my sin, O Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For behold they have caught my soul: the mighty have rushed in upon me:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For loe, they lye in waite for my soule; the mighty are gathered against me; not [for] my transgression, nor [for] my sinne, O LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For, behold, they have hunted after my soul; violent men have set upon me: neither [is it] my iniquity, nor my sin, O Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not [for] my transgression, nor [for] my sin, O Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For, x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
lo, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
they lie in wait 693
{0693} Prime
אָרַב
'arab
{aw-rab'}
A primitive root; to lurk.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
for my soul: 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
the mighty 5794
{5794} Prime
עַז
`az
{az}
From H5810; strong, vehement, harsh.
are gathered 1481
{1481} Prime
גּוּר
guwr
{goor}
A primitive root; properly to turn aside from the road (for a lodging or any other purpose), that is, sojourn (as a guest); also to shrink, fear (as in a strange place); also to gather for hostility (as afraid).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
me; not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
[for] my transgression, 6588
{6588} Prime
פֶּשַׁע
pesha`
{peh'-shah}
From H6586; a revolt (national, moral or religious).
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
[for] my sin, 2403
{2403} Prime
חַטָּאָה
chatta'ah
{khat-taw-aw'}
From H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender.
O Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 59:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 59:3

For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not [for] my (c) transgression, nor [for] my sin, O LORD.

(c) For I am innocent toward them, and have not offended them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they:

Psalms 10:9-10 He lieth in wait secretly as a lion in his den: he lieth in wait to catch the poor: he doth catch the poor, when he draweth him into his net. ... He croucheth, [and] humbleth himself, that the poor may fall by his strong ones.
Psalms 37:32-33 The wicked watcheth the righteous, and seeketh to slay him. ... The LORD will not leave him in his hand, nor condemn him when he is judged.
Psalms 38:12 They also that seek after my life lay snares [for me]: and they that seek my hurt speak mischievous things, and imagine deceits all the day long.
Psalms 56:6 They gather themselves together, they hide themselves, they mark my steps, when they wait for my soul.
1 Samuel 19:1 And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David.
Proverbs 12:6 The words of the wicked [are] to lie in wait for blood: but the mouth of the upright shall deliver them.
Micah 7:2 The good [man] is perished out of the earth: and [there is] none upright among men: they all lie in wait for blood; they hunt every man his brother with a net.
Acts 23:21 But do not thou yield unto them: for there lie in wait for him of them more than forty men, which have bound themselves with an oath, that they will neither eat nor drink till they have killed him: and now are they ready, looking for a promise from thee.

the mighty:

Psalms 2:2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, [saying],
Acts 4:26-27 The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord, and against his Christ. ... For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together,

not:

Psalms 7:3-6 O LORD my God, if I have done this; if there be iniquity in my hands; ... Arise, O LORD, in thine anger, lift up thyself because of the rage of mine enemies: and awake for me [to] the judgment [that] thou hast commanded.
Psalms 69:4 They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head: they that would destroy me, [being] mine enemies wrongfully, are mighty: then I restored [that] which I took not away.
1 Samuel 24:11 Moreover, my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy robe in my hand: for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed thee not, know thou and see that [there is] neither evil nor transgression in mine hand, and I have not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my soul to take it.
1 Samuel 24:17 And he said to David, Thou [art] more righteous than I: for thou hast rewarded me good, whereas I have rewarded thee evil.
1 Samuel 26:18 And he said, Wherefore doth my lord thus pursue after his servant? for what have I done? or what evil [is] in mine hand?
John 15:25 But [this cometh to pass], that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 19:1; 24:11, 17; 26:18. Ps 2:2; 7:3; 10:9; 37:32; 38:12; 56:6; 69:4. Pv 12:6. Mi 7:2. Jn 15:25. Ac 4:26; 23:21.

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