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Psalms 59:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Slay them not, lest my people forget: Scatter them by thy power, and bring them down, O Lord our shield.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Slay them not, lest my people forget: scatter them by thy power; and bring them down, O Lord our shield.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do not slay them, or my people will forget; Scatter them by Your power, and bring them down, O Lord, our shield.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Slay them not, lest my people forget: scatter them by thy power; and bring them down, O Lord our shield.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Slay them not, lest my people forget; by thy power make them wander, and bring them down, O Lord, our shield.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Do not slay them, lest my people forget, Cause them to wander by thy strength, and prostrate them, [Thou] our shield, O Lord!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Slay them not, lest my people forget, Shake them by Thy strength, And bring them down, O Lord our shield.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— God shall let me see over my enemies: slay them not, lest at any time my people forget. Scatter them by thy power; and bring them down, O Lord, my protector:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Slay them not, lest my people forget: scatter them by thy power; and bring them downe, O Lord our shield.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Slay them not, lest they forget thy law; scatter them by thy power; and bring them down, O Lord, my defender.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Slay them not, lest my people forget: scatter them by thy power; and bring them down, O Yahweh our shield.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Slay 2026
{2026} Prime
הָרַג
harag
{haw-rag'}
A primitive root; to smite with deadly intent.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
them not, x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
lest x6435
(6435) Complement
פֵּן
pen
{pane}
From H6437; properly removal; used only (in the constructive) adverbially as conjugation lest.
my people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
forget: 7911
{7911} Prime
שָׁכַח
shakach
{shaw-kakh'}
A primitive root; to mislay, that is, to be oblivious of, from want of memory or attention.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
scatter 5128
{5128} Prime
נוּעַ
nuwa`
{noo'-ah}
A primitive root; to waver, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively (as subjoined).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
them by thy power; 2428
{2428} Prime
חַיִל
chayil
{khah'-yil}
From H2342; probably a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength.
and bring them down, 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
O Yhw יָהוֶה 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
our shield. 4043
{4043} Prime
מָגֵן
magen
{maw-gane'}
From H1598; a shield (that is, the small one or buckler); figuratively a protector; also the scaly hide of the crocodile.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 59:11

_ _ Slay them not — at once (Judges 2:21-23); but perpetuate their punishment (Genesis 4:12; Numbers 32:13), by scattering or making them wander, and humble them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 59:8-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 59:11

My people — Over whom thou hast appointed me to be governor in due time. Forget — Their former danger, and thy glorious mercy in delivering them. Scatter — Let them wander from place to place, that they may carry the tokens of thy justice, and their own shame to all places.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 59:11

Slay them (i) not, lest my people forget: scatter them by thy power; and bring them down, O Lord our shield.

(i) Altogether, but little by little, that the people seeing your judgments often, may be mindful of you.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Slay:

Genesis 4:12-15 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth. ... And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.
Judges 1:6-7 But Adonibezek fled; and they pursued after him, and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and his great toes. ... And Adonibezek said, Threescore and ten kings, having their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gathered [their meat] under my table: as I have done, so God hath requited me. And they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died.
Ecclesiastes 9:5 For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten.
Ezekiel 12:15-16 And they shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I shall scatter them among the nations, and disperse them in the countries. ... But I will leave a few men of them from the sword, from the famine, and from the pestilence; that they may declare all their abominations among the heathen whither they come; and they shall know that I [am] the LORD.
Ezekiel 14:22-23 Yet, behold, therein shall be left a remnant that shall be brought forth, [both] sons and daughters: behold, they shall come forth unto you, and ye shall see their way and their doings: and ye shall be comforted concerning the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem, [even] concerning all that I have brought upon it. ... And they shall comfort you, when ye see their ways and their doings: and ye shall know that I have not done without cause all that I have done in it, saith the Lord GOD.
Revelation 9:6 And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them.

scatter:

Psalms 44:11 Thou hast given us like sheep [appointed] for meat; and hast scattered us among the heathen.
Psalms 52:5 God shall likewise destroy thee for ever, he shall take thee away, and pluck thee out of [thy] dwelling place, and root thee out of the land of the living. Selah.
Leviticus 26:33 And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste.
Deuteronomy 4:27 And the LORD shall scatter you among the nations, and ye shall be left few in number among the heathen, whither the LORD shall lead you.
Deuteronomy 28:64 And the LORD shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, [even] wood and stone.
Deuteronomy 30:3-4 That then the LORD thy God will turn thy captivity, and have compassion upon thee, and will return and gather thee from all the nations, whither the LORD thy God hath scattered thee. ... If [any] of thine be driven out unto the outmost [parts] of heaven, from thence will the LORD thy God gather thee, and from thence will he fetch thee:
Ezekiel 12:15 And they shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I shall scatter them among the nations, and disperse them in the countries.
Luke 1:51-52 He hath shewed strength with his arm; he hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts. ... He hath put down the mighty from [their] seats, and exalted them of low degree.
Luke 21:21 Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto.

bring:

Job 40:12 Look on every one [that is] proud, [and] bring him low; and tread down the wicked in their place.

our shield:

Psalms 3:3 But thou, O LORD, [art] a shield for me; my glory, and the lifter up of mine head.
Psalms 84:11 For the LORD God [is] a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good [thing] will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 4:12. Lv 26:33. Dt 4:27; 28:64; 30:3. Jg 1:6. Jb 40:12. Ps 3:3; 44:11; 52:5; 84:11. Ec 9:5. Ezk 12:15; 14:22. Lk 1:51; 21:21. Rv 9:6.

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