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Psalms 55:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But thou, O God, wilt bring them down into the pit of destruction: Bloodthirsty and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; But I will trust in thee.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But thou, O God, shalt bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but I will trust in thee.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But You, O God, will bring them down to the pit of destruction; Men of bloodshed and deceit will not live out half their days. But I will trust in You.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But thou, O God, wilt bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but I will trust in thee.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And thou, O God, wilt bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days. But as for me, I will confide in thee.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, thou, O God, wilt bring them down to the pit of destruction, Men of bloodshed and deceit, shall not live out half their days; But, I, will trust in thee.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Thou, O God, dost bring them down To a pit of destruction, Men of blood and deceit reach not to half their days, And I—I do trust in Thee!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But thou, O God, shalt bring them down into the pit of destruction. Bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but I will trust in thee, O Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But thou, O God, shalt bring them downe into the pit of destruction: Bloody and deceitfull men shall not liue out halfe their dayes, but I will trust in thee.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But thou, O God, shalt bring them down to the pit of destruction; bloody and crafty men shall not live out half their days; but I will hope in thee, O Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But thou, O Elohim, shalt bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but I will trust in thee.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But thou, x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
O lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
shalt bring them down 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
into the pit 875
{0875} Prime
בְּאֵר
b@'er
{be-ayr'}
From H0874; a pit; especially a well.
of destruction: 7845
{7845} Prime
שַׁחַת
shachath
{shakh'-ath}
From H7743; a pit (especially as a trap); figuratively destruction.
bloody 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
and deceitful 4820
{4820} Prime
מִרְמָה
mirmah
{meer-maw'}
From H7411 in the sense of deceiving; fraud.
men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
live out half 2673
{2673} Prime
חָצָה
chatsah
{khaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root (compare H2686); to cut or split in two; to halve.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
their days; 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
but I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
will trust 982
{0982} Prime
בָּטַח
batach
{baw-takh'}
A primitive root; properly to hie for refuge (but not so precipitately as H2620); figuratively to trust, be confident or sure.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in thee.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 55:23

_ _ bloody ... days — (compare Psalms 5:6; Psalms 51:14), deceit and murderous dispositions often united. The threat is directed specially (not as a general truth) against the wicked, then in the writer’s view.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 55:16-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 55:23

Them — The wicked. Not live — But shall be cut off by an untimely and violent death. Trust in thee — And in this confidence I will quietly wait for deliverance.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 55:23

But thou, O God, shalt bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out (r) half their days; but I will trust in thee.

(r) Though they sometimes live longer, yet their life is cursed by God, unquiet, and worse than any death.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
O God:

Psalms 7:15-16 He made a pit, and digged it, and is fallen into the ditch [which] he made. ... His mischief shall return upon his own head, and his violent dealing shall come down upon his own pate.
Psalms 58:9 Before your pots can feel the thorns, he shall take them away as with a whirlwind, both living, and in [his] wrath.
Psalms 59:12-13 [For] the sin of their mouth [and] the words of their lips let them even be taken in their pride: and for cursing and lying [which] they speak. ... Consume [them] in wrath, consume [them], that they [may] not [be]: and let them know that God ruleth in Jacob unto the ends of the earth. Selah.

pit:

Proverbs 15:11 Hell and destruction [are] before the LORD: how much more then the hearts of the children of men?
Proverbs 27:20 Hell and destruction are never full; so the eyes of man are never satisfied.
Isaiah 38:17 Behold, for peace I had great bitterness: but thou hast in love to my soul [delivered it] from the pit of corruption: for thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back.

bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days:
Heb. men of bloods and deceit shall not halve their days.
Psalms 5:6 Thou shalt destroy them that speak leasing: the LORD will abhor the bloody and deceitful man.
2 Samuel 3:27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth [rib], that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.
2 Samuel 20:9-10 And Joab said to Amasa, [Art] thou in health, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him. ... But Amasa took no heed to the sword that [was] in Joab's hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth [rib], and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.
1 Kings 2:5-6 Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, [and] what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that [was] about his loins, and in his shoes that [were] on his feet. ... Do therefore according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in peace.
2 Samuel 3:27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth [rib], that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.
2 Samuel 20:9-10 And Joab said to Amasa, [Art] thou in health, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him. ... But Amasa took no heed to the sword that [was] in Joab's hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth [rib], and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.
1 Kings 2:5-6 Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, [and] what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that [was] about his loins, and in his shoes that [were] on his feet. ... Do therefore according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in peace.
Job 15:32 It shall be accomplished before his time, and his branch shall not be green.
Proverbs 10:27 The fear of the LORD prolongeth days: but the years of the wicked shall be shortened.
Ecclesiastes 7:17 Be not over much wicked, neither be thou foolish: why shouldest thou die before thy time?
Matthew 27:4-5 Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What [is that] to us? see thou [to that]. ... And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself.
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2S 3:27; 20:9. 1K 2:5. Jb 15:32. Ps 5:6; 7:15; 58:9; 59:12. Pv 10:27; 15:11; 27:20. Ec 7:17. Is 38:17. Mt 27:4.

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