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Psalms 55:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He hath put forth his hands against such as were at peace with him: He hath profaned his covenant.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He has put forth his hands against those who were at peace with him; He has violated his covenant.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He hath put forth his hands against such as are at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He hath put forth his hands against such as are at peace with him; he hath profaned his covenant.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He hath thrust forth his hands, against them he was wont to salute, he hath violated his covenant;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He hath sent forth his hands against his well-wishers, He hath polluted his covenant.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He hath stretched forth his hand to repay. They have defiled his covenant,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He hath put foorth his handes against such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his couenant.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He has reached forth his hand for retribution; they have profaned his covenant.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He hath put forth 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
his hands 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
against such as be at peace 7965
{7965} Prime
שָׁלוֹם
shalowm
{shaw-lome'}
From H7999; safe, that is, (figuratively) well, happy, friendly; also (abstractly) welfare, that is, health, prosperity, peace.
with him: he hath broken 2490
{2490} Prime
חָלַל
chalal
{khaw-lal'}
A primitive root (compare H2470); properly to bore, that is, (by implication) to wound, to dissolve; figuratively to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an opening-wedge); denominatively (from H2485) to play (the flute).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
his covenant. 1285
{1285} Prime
בְּרִית
b@riyth
{ber-eeth'}
From H1262 (in the sense of cutting (like H1254)); a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 55:20-21

_ _ The treachery is aggravated by hypocrisy. The changes of number, Psalms 55:15, Psalms 55:23, and here, enliven the picture, and imply that the chief traitor and his accomplices are in view together.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 55:16-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 55:20

He — They, the persons last mentioned.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 55:20

He (p) hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant.

(p) I did not provoke him but was as at peace with him, yet he made war against me.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
put:

1 Samuel 22:17 And the king said unto the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and slay the priests of the LORD; because their hand also [is] with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not shew it to me. But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall upon the priests of the LORD.
1 Samuel 24:10 Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered thee to day into mine hand in the cave: and [some] bade [me] kill thee: but [mine eye] spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine hand against my lord; for he [is] the LORD'S anointed.
2 Samuel 18:12 And the man said unto Joab, Though I should receive a thousand [shekels] of silver in mine hand, [yet] would I not put forth mine hand against the king's son: for in our hearing the king charged thee and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Beware that none [touch] the young man Absalom.
Acts 12:1 Now about that time Herod the king stretched forth [his] hands to vex certain of the church.

at peace:

Psalms 7:4 If I have rewarded evil unto him that was at peace with me; (yea, I have delivered him that without cause is mine enemy:)
Psalms 109:5 And they have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred for my love.
Psalms 120:6-7 My soul hath long dwelt with him that hateth peace. ... I [am for] peace: but when I speak, they [are] for war.

broken:
Heb. profaned,
Psalms 89:28 My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him.
Psalms 89:34 My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.
Psalms 89:38 But thou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast been wroth with thine anointed.
2 Samuel 2:4 And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, [That] the men of Jabeshgilead [were they] that buried Saul.
2 Samuel 5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.
2 Samuel 14:32-33 And Absalom answered Joab, Behold, I sent unto thee, saying, Come hither, that I may send thee to the king, to say, Wherefore am I come from Geshur? [it had been] good for me [to have been] there still: now therefore let me see the king's face; and if there be [any] iniquity in me, let him kill me. ... So Joab came to the king, and told him: and when he had called for Absalom, he came to the king, and bowed himself on his face to the ground before the king: and the king kissed Absalom.
2 Samuel 15:10-12 But Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall say, Absalom reigneth in Hebron. ... And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, [even] from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.
Ecclesiastes 8:2 I [counsel thee] to keep the king's commandment, and [that] in regard of the oath of God.
Ezekiel 17:16-19 [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely in the place [where] the king [dwelleth] that made him king, whose oath he despised, and whose covenant he brake, [even] with him in the midst of Babylon he shall die. ... Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; [As] I live, surely mine oath that he hath despised, and my covenant that he hath broken, even it will I recompense upon his own head.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 22:17; 24:10. 2S 2:4; 5:3; 14:32; 15:10; 18:12. Ps 7:4; 89:28, 34, 38; 109:5; 120:6. Ec 8:2. Ezk 17:16. Ac 12:1.

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