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Psalms 55:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— God will hear, and answer them, Even he that abideth of old, Selah. [The men] who have no changes, And who fear not God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— God shall hear, and afflict them, even he that abideth of old. Selah. Because they have no changes, therefore they fear not God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— God will hear and answer them— Even the one who sits enthroned from of old— Selah. With whom there is no change, And who do not fear God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— God will hear and afflict them, even he that abideth of old. Selah. Because they have no changes, therefore they fear not God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— *God will hear, and afflict them: he that is seated of old, (Selah) ... because there is no change in them, and they fear not God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— GOD will hear, Yea He will humble them who aforetime sat [enthroned]. [Selah.] With whom are no changings, Neither have they revered God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— God doth hear and afflict them, And He sitteth of old. Selah. Because they have no changes, and fear not God,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— God shall hear, and the Eternal shall humble them. For there is no change with them, and they have not feared God:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— God shall heare and afflict them, euen he that abideth of old, Selah: because they [haue] no changes, therefore they feare not God.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— God shall hear, and bring them low, [even] he that has existed from eternity. Pause. For they suffer no reverse, and [therefore] they have not feared God.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— El shall hear, and afflict them, even he that abideth of old. Selah. Because they have no changes, therefore they fear not Elohim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
l אֵל 410
{0410} Prime
אֵל
'el
{ale}
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
shall hear, 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and afflict y6030
[6030] Standard
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x6031
(6031) Complement
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively (in various applications). (sing is by mistake for H6030.).
them, even he that abideth 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of old. 6924
{6924} Prime
קֶדֶם
qedem
{keh'-dem}
From H6923; the front, of palce (absolutely the fore part, relatively the East) or time (antiquity); often used adverbially (before, anciently, eastward).
Sel סֶלָה. 5542
{5542} Prime
סֶלָה
celah
{seh'-law}
From H5541; suspension (of music), that is, pause.
Because x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
they have no x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
changes, 2487
{2487} Prime
חֲלִיפָה
chaliyphah
{khal-ee-faw'}
From H2498; alternation.
therefore they fear 3372
{3372} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
lhm אֱלֹהִים. 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 55:19

_ _ God hears the wicked in wrath.

_ _ abideth — or, “sitteth.”

_ _ of old — enthroned as a sovereign.

_ _ Because ... no changes — Prosperity hardens them (Psalms 73:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 55:16-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 55:19

Hear — My prayers. Eternity — Who is eternal, and therefore unchangeable, and almighty. Because — They meet with no crosses nor disappointments. Therefore — Their success makes them go on securely, without any regard to God, or dread of his judgments.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 55:19

God shall hear, and afflict them, even he that abideth of old. Selah. Because they (o) have no changes, therefore they fear not God.

(o) But their prosperous estate still continues.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
hear:

Psalms 65:5 [By] terrible things in righteousness wilt thou answer us, O God of our salvation; [who art] the confidence of all the ends of the earth, and of them that are afar off [upon] the sea:
Psalms 143:12 And of thy mercy cut off mine enemies, and destroy all them that afflict my soul: for I [am] thy servant.
1 Thessalonians 2:15-16 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men: ... Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.
Revelation 6:10-11 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth? ... And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they [were], should be fulfilled.

even:

Psalms 90:1-2 [[A Prayer of Moses the man of God.]] Lord, thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations. ... Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou [art] God.
Deuteronomy 33:27 The eternal God [is thy] refuge, and underneath [are] the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before thee; and shall say, Destroy [them].
Micah 5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, [though] thou be little among the thousands of Judah, [yet] out of thee shall he come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have been] from of old, from everlasting.
Colossians 1:17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.

Because:
etc. or, With whom also there be no changes, yet they fear not God

no changes:

Psalms 73:5-6 They [are] not in trouble [as other] men; neither are they plagued like [other] men. ... Therefore pride compasseth them about as a chain; violence covereth them [as] a garment.
Proverbs 1:32 For the turning away of the simple shall slay them, and the prosperity of fools shall destroy them.
Ecclesiastes 8:11 Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil.
Isaiah 36:20 Who [are they] among all the gods of these lands, that have delivered their land out of my hand, that the LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of my hand?
Jeremiah 48:11 Moab hath been at ease from his youth, and he hath settled on his lees, and hath not been emptied from vessel to vessel, neither hath he gone into captivity: therefore his taste remained in him, and his scent is not changed.
Zephaniah 1:12 And it shall come to pass at that time, [that] I will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees: that say in their heart, The LORD will not do good, neither will he do evil.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 33:27. Ps 65:5; 73:5; 90:1; 143:12. Pv 1:32. Ec 8:11. Is 36:20. Jr 48:11. Mi 5:2. Zp 1:12. Col 1:17. 1Th 2:15. Rv 6:10.

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