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Psalms 54:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Behold, God is my helper: The Lord is of them that uphold my soul.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Behold, God [is] mine helper: the Lord [is] with them that uphold my soul.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Behold, God is my helper; The Lord is the sustainer of my soul.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Behold, God [is] my helper: the Lord [is] with them that uphold my soul.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Behold, God is my helper; the Lord is among them that uphold my soul.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lo! God, is bringing me help, My Lord, is with the upholders of my life;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Lo, God [is] a helper to me, The Lord [is] with those supporting my soul,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For behold God is my helper: and the Lord is the protector of my soul.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Behold, God [is] mine helper: the Lord [is] with them that vphold my soule.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For lo! God assists me; and the Lord is the helper of my soul.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Behold, Elohim [is] mine helper: Yahweh [is] with them that uphold my soul.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Behold, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
[is] mine helper: 5826
{5826} Prime
עָזַר
`azar
{aw-zar'}
A primitive root; to surround, that is, protect or aid.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Yhw יָהוֶה 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
[is] with them that uphold 5564
{5564} Prime
סָמַךְ
camak
{saw-mak'}
A primitive root; to prop (literally or figuratively); reflexively to lean upon or take hold of (in a favorable or unfavorable sense).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
my soul. 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 54:4

_ _ (Compare Psalms 30:10).

_ _ with them — on their side, and for me (compare Psalms 46:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 54:4-7

_ _ We have here the lively actings of David's faith in his prayer, by which he was assured that the issue would be comfortable, though the attempt upon him was formidable.

_ _ I. He was sure that he had God on his side, that God took his part (Psalms 54:4); he speaks it with an air of triumph and exultation, Behold, God is my helper. If we be for him, he is for us; and, if he be for us, we shall have such help in him that we need not fear any power engaged against us. Though men and devils aim to be our destroyers, they shall not prevail while God is our helper: The Lord is with those that uphold my soul. Compare Psalms 118:7, “The Lord taketh my part with those that help me. There are some that uphold me, and God is one of them; he is the principal one; none of them could help me if he did not help them.” Every creature is that to us (and no more) that God makes it to be. He means, “The Lord is he that upholds my soul, and keeps me from tiring in my work and sinking under my burdens.” He that by his providence upholds all things by his grace upholds the souls of his people. God, who will in due time save his people, does, in the mean time, sustain them and bear them up, so that the spirit he has made shall not fail before him.

_ _ II. God taking part with him, he doubted not but his enemies should both flee and fall before him (Psalms 54:5): “He shall reward evil unto my enemies that observe me, seeking an opportunity to do me a mischief. The evil they designed against me the righteous God will return upon their own heads.” David would not render evil to them, but he knew God would: I as a deaf man heard not, for thou wilt hear. The enemies we forgive, if they repent not, God will judge; and for this reason we must not avenge ourselves, because God has said, Vengeance is mine. But he prays, Cut them off in thy truth. This is not a prayer of malice, but a prayer of faith; for it has an eye to the word of God, and only desires the performance of that. There is truth in God's threatenings as well as in his promises, and sinners that repent not will find it so to their cost.

_ _ III. He promises to give thanks to God for all the experiences he had had of his goodness to him (Psalms 54:6): I will sacrifice unto thee. Though sacrifices were expensive, yet, when God required that his worshippers should in that way praise him, David would not only offer them, but offer them freely and without grudging. All our spiritual sacrifices must, in this sense, be free-will-offerings; for God loves a cheerful giver. Yet he will not only bring his sacrifice, which was but the shadow, the ceremony; he will mind the substance: I will praise thy name. A thankful heart, and the calves of our lips giving thanks to his name, are the sacrifices God will accept: “I will praise thy name, for it is good. Thy name is not only great but good, and therefore to be praised. To praise thy name is not only what we are bound to, but it is good, it is pleasant, it is profitable; it is good for us (Psalms 92:1); therefore I will praise thy name.

_ _ IV. He speaks of his deliverance as a thing done (Psalms 54:7): I will praise thy name, and say, “He has delivered me; this shall be my song then.” That which he rejoices in is a complete deliverance — He has delivered me from all trouble; and a deliverance to his heart's content — My eye has seen its desire upon my enemies, not seen them cut off and ruined, but forced to retreat, tidings being brought to Saul that the Philistines were upon him, 1 Samuel 23:27, 1 Samuel 23:28. All David desired was to be himself safe; when he saw Saul draw off his forces he saw his desire. He has delivered me from all trouble. Either, 1. With this thought David comforted himself when he was in distress: “He has delivered me from all trouble hitherto, and many a time I have gained my point, and seen my desire on my enemies; therefore he will deliver me out of this trouble.” We should thus, in our greatest straits, encourage ourselves with our past experiences. Or, 2. With this thought he magnified his present deliverance when the fright was over, that it was an earnest of further deliverance. He speaks of the completing of his deliverance as a thing done, though he had as yet many troubles before him, because, having God's promise for it, he was as sure of it as if it had been done already. “He that has begun to deliver me from all troubles, and will at length give me to see my desire upon my enemies.” This may perhaps point at Christ, of whom David was a type; God would deliver him out of all the troubles of his state of humiliation, and he was perfectly sure of it; and all things are said to be put under his feet; for, though we see not yet all things put under him, yet we are sure he shall reign till all his enemies be made his footstool, and he shall see his desire upon them. However, it is an encouragement to all believers to make that use of their particular deliverances which St. Paul does (like David here), 2 Timothy 4:17, 2 Timothy 4:18, He that delivered me from the mouth of the lion shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me to his heavenly kingdom.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 54:4

Behold, God [is] mine helper: the Lord [is] with (d) them that uphold my soul.

(d) No matter how few, as he was with Jonathan.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 118:6-7 The LORD [is] on my side; I will not fear: what can man do unto me? ... The LORD taketh my part with them that help me: therefore shall I see [my desire] upon them that hate me.
Psalms 118:13 Thou hast thrust sore at me that I might fall: but the LORD helped me.
1 Chronicles 12:18 Then the spirit came upon Amasai, [who was] chief of the captains, [and he said], Thine [are we], David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace [be] unto thee, and peace [be] to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.
Isaiah 41:10 Fear thou not; for I [am] with thee: be not dismayed; for I [am] thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.
Isaiah 42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, [in whom] my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.
Isaiah 50:7-9 For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed. ... Behold, the Lord GOD will help me; who [is] he [that] shall condemn me? lo, they all shall wax old as a garment; the moth shall eat them up.
Romans 8:31 What shall we then say to these things? If God [be] for us, who [can be] against us?
Hebrews 13:6 So that we may boldly say, The Lord [is] my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1Ch 12:18. Ps 118:6, 13. Is 41:10; 42:1; 50:7. Ro 8:31. He 13:6.

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