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Psalms 53:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[For the Chief Musician; set to Mahalath. Maschil of David.]] The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity; There is none that doeth good.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[To the chief Musician upon Mahalath, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David.]] The fool hath said in his heart, [There is] no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: [there is] none that doeth good.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[For the choir director; according to Mahalath. A Maskil of David.]] The fool has said in his heart, “There is no God,” They are corrupt, and have committed abominable injustice; There is no one who does good.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[To the chief Musician upon Mahalath, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David.]] The fool hath said in his heart, [There is] no God. They are corrupt, and have done abominable iniquity: [there is] none that doeth good.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[To the chief Musician. On Mahalath: an instruction. Of David.]] The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God! They have corrupted themselves, and have done abominable iniquity: there is none that doeth good.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[To the Chief Musician. On Mahalath. A Psalm of Instruction, of David.]] The impious hath said in his heart, There is no God! They have acted corruptly, They have wrought abominable perversity, There is none that doeth good:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To the Overseer.—'On a disease.'—An instruction, by David. A fool said in his heart, 'There is no God.' They have done corruptly, Yea, they have done abominable iniquity, There is none doing good.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Unto the end, for Maeleth, understandings to David. The fool said in his heart: There is no God. They are corrupted, and become abominable in iniquities: there is none that doth good.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[To the chiefe musician vpon Mahalath, Maschil, A [Psalme] of Dauid.]] The foole hath sayde in his heart, [There is] no god; Corrupt are they, and haue done abhominable iniquitie; [there is] none that doth good.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[For the end, [a Psalm] of David upon Maeleth, of instruction.]] The fool has said in his heart, There is no God. They have corrupted [themselves], and become abominable in iniquities: there is none that does good.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[To the chief Musician upon Machalath, Maskil, [A Psalm] of Dawid.]] The fool hath said in his heart, [There is] no Elohim. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: [there is] none that doeth good.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[To the chief Musician 5329
{5329} Prime
נָצַח
natsach
{naw-tsakh'}
A primitive root; properly to glitter from afar, that is, to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from H5331), to be permanent.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Mla מָחֲלַת, 4257
{4257} Prime
מָחֲלַת
machalath
{makh-al-ath'}
From H2470; sickness; machalath, probably the title (initial word) of a popular song.
Ma$cl מַשׂכִּיל, 4905
{4905} Prime
מַשְׂכִּיל
maskiyl
{mas-keel'}
From H7919; instructive, that is, a didactic poem.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
[A Psalm] of Dwi דָּוִד.]] 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
The fool 5036
{5036} Prime
נָבָל
nabal
{naw-bawl'}
From H5034; stupid; wicked (especially impious).
hath said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in his heart, 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
[There is] no x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
lhm אֱלֹהִים. 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
Corrupt 7843
{7843} Prime
שָׁחַת
shachath
{shaw-khath'}
A primitive root; to decay, that is, (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
are they, and have done abominable 8581
{8581} Prime
תָּעַב
ta`ab
{taw-ab'}
A primitive root; to loathe, that is, (morally) detest.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
iniquity: 5766
{5766} Prime
עֶוֶל
`evel
{eh'-vel}
From H5765; (moral) evil.
[there is] none x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
that doeth 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
good. 2896
{2896} Prime
טוֹב
towb
{tobe}
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 53:1-4

_ _ Psalms 53:1-6. Upon Mahalath — (See on Psalms 88:1, title). Why this repetition of the fourteenth Psalm is given we do not know.

_ _ with few verbal changes, correspond with Psalms 14:1-4.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 53:1-6

_ _ This psalm was opened before, and therefore we shall here only observe, in short, some things concerning sin, in order to the increasing of our sorrow for it and hatred of it. 1. The fact of sin. Is that proved? Can the charge be made out? Yes, God is a witness to it, an unexceptionable witness: from the place of his holiness he looks on the children of men, and sees how little good there is among them, Psalms 53:2. All the sinfulness of their hearts and lives in naked and open before him. 2. The fault of sin. Is there any harm in it? Yes, it is iniquity (Psalms 53:1, Psalms 53:4); it is an unrighteous thing; it is that which there is no good in (Psalms 53:1, Psalms 53:3); it is an evil thing; it is the worst of evils; it is that which makes this world such an evil world as it is; it is going back from God, Psalms 53:3. 3. The fountain of sin. How comes it that men are so bad? Surely it is because there is no fear of God before their eyes: they say in their hearts,There is no God at all to call us to an account, none that we need to stand in awe of.” Men's bad practices flow from their bad principles; if they profess to know God, yet in works, because in thoughts, they deny him. 4. The folly of sin. He is a fool (in the account of God, whose judgment we are sure is right) that harbours such corrupt thoughts. Atheists, whether in opinion or practice, are the greatest fools in the world. Those that do not seek God do not understand; they are like brute-beasts that have no understanding; for man is distinguished from the brutes, not so much by the powers of reason as by a capacity for religion. The workers of iniquity, whatever they pretend to, have no knowledge; those may truly be said to know nothing that do not know God, Psalms 53:4. 5. The filthiness of sin. Sinners are corrupt (Psalms 53:1); their nature is vitiated and spoiled, and the more noble the nature is the more vile it is when it is depraved, as that of the angels. Corruptio optimi est pessimaThe best things, when corrupted, become the worst. Their iniquity is abominable; it is odious to the holy God, and it renders them so; whereas otherwise he hates nothing that he has made. It makes men filthy, altogether filthy. Wilful sinners are offensive in the nostrils of the God of heaven and of the holy angels. What decency soever proud sinners pretend to, it is certain that wickedness is the greatest defilement in the world. 6. The fruit of sin. See to what a degree of barbarity it brings men at last; when men's hearts are hardened through the deceitfulness of sin see their cruelty to their brethren, that are bone of their bone — because they will not run with them to the same excess of riot, they eat them up as they eat bread; as if they had not only become beasts, but beasts of prey. And see their contempt of God at the same time. They have not called upon him, but scorn to be beholden to him. 7. The fear and shame that attend sin (Psalms 53:5): There were those in great fear who had made God their enemy; their own guilty consciences frightened them, and filled them with horror, though otherwise there was no apparent cause of fear. The wicked flees when none pursues. See the ground of this fear; it is because God has formerly scattered the bones of those that encamped against his people, not only broken their power and dispersed their forces, but slain them, and reduced their bodies to dry bones, like those scattered at the grave's mouth, Psalms 141:7. Such will be the fate of those that lay siege to the camp of the saints and the beloved city, Revelation 20:9. The apprehensions of this cannot but put those into frights that eat up God's people. This enables the virgin, the daughter of Zion, to put them to shame, and expose them, because God has despised them, to laugh at them, because he that sits in heaven laughs at them. We need not look upon those enemies with fear whom God looks upon with contempt. If he despises them, we may. 8. The faith of the saints, and their hope and power touching the cure of this great evil, Psalms 53:6. There will come a Saviour, a great salvation, a salvation from sin. Oh that it might be hastened! for it will bring in glorious and joyful times. There were those in the Old Testament times that looked and hoped, that prayed and waited, for this redemption. (1.) God will, in due time, save his church from the sinful malice of its enemies, which will bring joy to Jacob and Israel, that have long been in a mournful melancholy state. Such salvations were often wrought, and all typical of the everlasting triumphs of the glorious church. (2.) He will save all believers from their own iniquities, that they may not be led captive by them, which will be everlasting matter of joy to them. From this work the Redeemer had his name — Jesus, for he shall save his people from their sins, Matthew 1:21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 53:1

"To the chief Musician upon (a) Mahalath, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David." The fool hath said in his heart, [There is] (b) no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: [there is] none that doeth good.

(a) Which was an instrument or king of note.

(b) Whereas no regard is had for honesty or dishonesty, for virtue nor for vice, there the prophet pronounces that the people have no God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
fool:

Psalms 14:1-7 [[To the chief Musician, [A Psalm] of David.]] The fool hath said in his heart, [There is] no God. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, [there is] none that doeth good. ... Oh that the salvation of Israel [were come] out of Zion! when the LORD bringeth back the captivity of his people, Jacob shall rejoice, [and] Israel shall be glad.
Psalms 92:6 A brutish man knoweth not; neither doth a fool understand this.
Matthew 5:22 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.
Luke 12:20 But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?

said:

Psalms 10:4 The wicked, through the pride of his countenance, will not seek [after God]: God [is] not in all his thoughts.
Psalms 10:6 He hath said in his heart, I shall not be moved: for [I shall] never [be] in adversity.
Psalms 10:11 He hath said in his heart, God hath forgotten: he hideth his face; he will never see [it].
Psalms 10:13 Wherefore doth the wicked contemn God? he hath said in his heart, Thou wilt not require [it].
1 Kings 12:26 And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David:
Romans 1:21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified [him] not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;

Corrupt:

Genesis 6:5-6 And GOD saw that the wickedness of man [was] great in the earth, and [that] every imagination of the thoughts of his heart [was] only evil continually. ... And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.
Genesis 6:11-13 The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence. ... And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.
Job 14:4 Who can bring a clean [thing] out of an unclean? not one.
Job 15:16 How much more abominable and filthy [is] man, which drinketh iniquity like water?

have done:

Leviticus 18:24-30 Defile not ye yourselves in any of these things: for in all these the nations are defiled which I cast out before you: ... Therefore shall ye keep mine ordinance, that [ye] commit not [any one] of these abominable customs, which were committed before you, and that ye defile not yourselves therein: I [am] the LORD your God.
Deuteronomy 12:31 Thou shalt not do so unto the LORD thy God: for every abomination to the LORD, which he hateth, have they done unto their gods; for even their sons and their daughters they have burnt in the fire to their gods.
1 Kings 14:24 And there were also sodomites in the land: [and] they did according to all the abominations of the nations which the LORD cast out before the children of Israel.
Ezekiel 16:47 Yet hast thou not walked after their ways, nor done after their abominations: but, as [if that were] a very little [thing], thou wast corrupted more than they in all thy ways.
Ezekiel 16:51 Neither hath Samaria committed half of thy sins; but thou hast multiplied thine abominations more than they, and hast justified thy sisters in all thine abominations which thou hast done.
Ephesians 5:12 For it is a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret.
1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:

there is:

Romans 3:10-31 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: ... Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.
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Gn 6:5, 11. Lv 18:24. Dt 12:31. 1K 12:26; 14:24. Jb 14:4; 15:16. Ps 10:4, 6, 11, 13; 14:1; 92:6. Ezk 16:47, 51. Mt 5:22. Lk 12:20. Ro 1:21, 28; 3:10. Ep 5:12. 1P 4:3.

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