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Psalms 51:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: A broken and contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The sacrifices of God [are] a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; A broken and a contrite heart, O God, You will not despise.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The sacrifices of God [are] a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The sacrifices of God, are a spirit that is broken,—A heart—broken and crushed, O God, thou wilt not despise.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The sacrifices of God [are] a broken spirit, A heart broken and bruised, O God, Thou dost not despise.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A sacrifice to God is an afflicted spirit: a contrite and humbled heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The sacrifices of God [are] a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Sacrifice to God is a broken spirit: a broken and humbled heart God will not despise.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The sacrifices of Elohim [are] a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O Elohim, thou wilt not despise.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The sacrifices 2077
{2077} Prime
זֶבַח
zebach
{zeh'-bakh}
From H2076; properly a slaughter, that is, the flesh of an animal; by implication a sacrifice (the victim or the act).
of lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
[are] a broken 7665
{7665} Prime
שָׁבַר
shabar
{shaw-bar'}
A primitive root; to burst (literally or figuratively).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
spirit: 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
a broken 7665
{7665} Prime
שָׁבַר
shabar
{shaw-bar'}
A primitive root; to burst (literally or figuratively).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
and a contrite 1794
{1794} Prime
דּכה
dakah
{daw-kaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1790, H1792); to collapse (physically or mentally).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
heart, 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
O lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
thou wilt not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
despise. 959
{0959} Prime
בָּזָה
bazah
{baw-zaw'}
A primitive root; to disesteem.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 51:14-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 51:17

A broken spirit — This is of more value than many sacrifices.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 51:17

The sacrifices of God [are] a (o) broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

(o) Which is a wounding of the heart, proceeding from faith, which seeks God for mercy.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sacrifices:

Psalms 107:22 And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and declare his works with rejoicing.
Mark 12:33 And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love [his] neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.
Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service.
Philippians 4:18 But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things [which were sent] from you, an odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, wellpleasing to God.
Hebrews 13:16 But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.
1 Peter 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

a broken spirit:

Psalms 34:18 The LORD [is] nigh unto them that are of a broken heart; and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit.
Psalms 147:3 He healeth the broken in heart, and bindeth up their wounds.
2 Kings 22:19 Because thine heart was tender, and thou hast humbled thyself before the LORD, when thou heardest what I spake against this place, and against the inhabitants thereof, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and hast rent thy clothes, and wept before me; I also have heard [thee], saith the LORD.
Isaiah 57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name [is] Holy; I dwell in the high and holy [place], with him also [that is] of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
Isaiah 61:1-3 The Spirit of the Lord GOD [is] upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound; ... To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
Isaiah 66:2 For all those [things] hath mine hand made, and all those [things] have been, saith the LORD: but to this [man] will I look, [even] to [him that is] poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.
Ezekiel 9:3-4 And the glory of the God of Israel was gone up from the cherub, whereupon he was, to the threshold of the house. And he called to the man clothed with linen, which [had] the writer's inkhorn by his side; ... And the LORD said unto him, Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and set a mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof.
Ezekiel 9:6 Slay utterly old [and] young, both maids, and little children, and women: but come not near any man upon whom [is] the mark; and begin at my sanctuary. Then they began at the ancient men which [were] before the house.
Matthew 5:3 Blessed [are] the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Luke 18:11-14 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men [are], extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. ... I tell you, this man went down to his house justified [rather] than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.

thou:

Psalms 22:24 For he hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither hath he hid his face from him; but when he cried unto him, he heard.
Psalms 102:17 He will regard the prayer of the destitute, and not despise their prayer.
2 Chronicles 33:12-13 And when he was in affliction, he besought the LORD his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers, ... And prayed unto him: and he was intreated of him, and heard his supplication, and brought him again to Jerusalem into his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the LORD he [was] God.
Amos 5:21 I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies.
Luke 7:39-50 Now when the Pharisee which had bidden him saw [it], he spake within himself, saying, This man, if he were a prophet, would have known who and what manner of woman [this is] that toucheth him: for she is a sinner. ... And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace.
Luke 15:2-7 And the Pharisees and scribes murmured, saying, This man receiveth sinners, and eateth with them. ... I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons, which need no repentance.
Luke 15:10 Likewise, I say unto you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth.
Luke 15:21-32 And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son. ... It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and was lost, and is found.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2K 22:19. 2Ch 33:12. Ps 22:24; 34:18; 102:17; 107:22; 147:3. Is 57:15; 61:1; 66:2. Ezk 9:3, 6. Am 5:21. Mt 5:3. Mk 12:33. Lk 7:39; 15:2, 10, 21; 18:11. Ro 12:1. Php 4:18. He 13:16. 1P 2:5.

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