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Psalms 51:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; And uphold me with a willing spirit.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me [with thy] free spirit.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Restore to me the joy of Your salvation And sustain me with a willing spirit.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Restore to me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me [with thy] free spirit.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation, and let a willing spirit sustain me.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation, And, with a willing spirit, wilt thou uphold me:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Restore to me the joy of Thy salvation, And a willing spirit doth sustain me.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation, and strengthen me with a perfect spirit.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Restore vnto me the ioy of thy saluation: and vphold mee [with thy] free Spirit.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Restore to me the joy of thy salvation: establish me with thy directing Spirit.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me [with thy] free spirit.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Restore 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
unto me the joy 8342
{8342} Prime
שָׂשׂוֹן
sasown
{saw-sone'}
From H7797; cheerfulness; specifically welcome.
of thy salvation; 3468
{3468} Prime
יֶשַׁע
yesha`
{yeh'-shah}
From H3467; liberty, deliverance, prosperity.
and uphold 5564
{5564} Prime
סָמַךְ
camak
{saw-mak'}
A primitive root; to prop (literally or figuratively); reflexively to lean upon or take hold of (in a favorable or unfavorable sense).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
me [with thy] free y5081
[5081] Standard
נָדִיב
nadiyb
{naw-deeb'}
From H5068; properly voluntary, that is, generous; hence, magnanimous; as noun, a grandee (sometimes a tyrant).
x5082
(5082) Complement
נְדִיבָה
n@diybah
{ned-ee-baw'}
Feminine of H5081; properly nobility, that is, reputation.
spirit. 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 51:7-12.


Psalms 51:12

_ _ free spirit — “thy” ought not to be supplied, for the word “free” is, literally, “willing,” and “spirit” is that of David. “Let a willing spirit uphold me,” that is, with a soul willingly conformed to God’s law, he would be preserved in a right course of conduct.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 51:7-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 51:12

The joy — The comfortable sense of thy saving grace, promised and vouchsafed to me, both for my present and everlasting salvation. Free — Or, ingenuous, or liberal, or princely. Which he seems to oppose to his own base and illiberal and disingenuous and servile spirit, which he had discovered in his wicked practices: a spirit, which may free me from the bondage of sin, and enable me chearfully to run the way of God's precepts.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 51:12

Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me [with thy] (k) free spirit.

(k) Which may assure me that I am drawn out of the slavery of sin.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Restore:

Psalms 85:6-8 Wilt thou not revive us again: that thy people may rejoice in thee? ... I will hear what God the LORD will speak: for he will speak peace unto his people, and to his saints: but let them not turn again to folly.
Job 29:2-3 Oh that I were as [in] months past, as [in] the days [when] God preserved me; ... When his candle shined upon my head, [and when] by his light I walked [through] darkness;
Isaiah 57:17-18 For the iniquity of his covetousness was I wroth, and smote him: I hid me, and was wroth, and he went on frowardly in the way of his heart. ... I have seen his ways, and will heal him: I will lead him also, and restore comforts unto him and to his mourners.
Jeremiah 31:9-14 They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them: I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way, wherein they shall not stumble: for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim [is] my firstborn. ... And I will satiate the soul of the priests with fatness, and my people shall be satisfied with my goodness, saith the LORD.

joy:

Psalms 13:5 But I have trusted in thy mercy; my heart shall rejoice in thy salvation.
Psalms 21:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] The king shall joy in thy strength, O LORD; and in thy salvation how greatly shall he rejoice!
Psalms 35:9 And my soul shall be joyful in the LORD: it shall rejoice in his salvation.
Isaiah 49:13 Sing, O heavens; and be joyful, O earth; and break forth into singing, O mountains: for the LORD hath comforted his people, and will have mercy upon his afflicted.
Isaiah 61:10 I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh [himself] with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth [herself] with her jewels.
Luke 1:47 And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.
Romans 5:2-11 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. ... And not only [so], but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.

uphold:

Psalms 17:5 Hold up my goings in thy paths, [that] my footsteps slip not.
Psalms 19:13 Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous [sins]; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great transgression.
Psalms 119:116-117 Uphold me according unto thy word, that I may live: and let me not be ashamed of my hope. ... Hold thou me up, and I shall be safe: and I will have respect unto thy statutes continually.
Psalms 119:133 Order my steps in thy word: and let not any iniquity have dominion over me.
Isaiah 41:10 Fear thou not; for I [am] with thee: be not dismayed; for I [am] thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.
Jeremiah 10:23 O LORD, I know that the way of man [is] not in himself: [it is] not in man that walketh to direct his steps.
Romans 14:4 Who art thou that judgest another man's servant? to his own master he standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be holden up: for God is able to make him stand.
1 Peter 1:5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
Jude 1:24 Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present [you] faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy,

free:

Romans 8:15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
2 Corinthians 3:17 Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord [is], there [is] liberty.
Galatians 4:6-7 And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. ... Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 29:2. Ps 13:5; 17:5; 19:13; 21:1; 35:9; 85:6; 119:116, 133. Is 41:10; 49:13; 57:17; 61:10. Jr 10:23; 31:9. Lk 1:47. Ro 5:2; 8:15; 14:4. 2Co 3:17. Ga 4:6. 1P 1:5. Jde 1:24.

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