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Psalms 50:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[A Psalm of Asaph.]] The Mighty One, God, Jehovah, hath spoken, And called the earth from the rising of the sun unto the going down thereof.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[A Psalm of Asaph.]] The mighty God, [even] the LORD, hath spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sun unto the going down thereof.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[A Psalm of Asaph.]] The Mighty One, God, the LORD, has spoken, And summoned the earth from the rising of the sun to its setting.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[A Psalm of Asaph.]] The mighty God, [even] the LORD, hath spoken, and called the earth from the rising to the setting of the sun.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[A Psalm. Of Asaph.]] *God, Elohim-Jehovah, hath spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sun unto the going down thereof.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[A Melody of Asaph.]] El, Elohim, Yahweh, hath spoken, and culled the earth, From the rising of the sun, unto the going in thereof:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A Psalm of Asaph. The God of gods—Jehovah—hath spoken, And He calleth to the earth From the rising of the sun unto its going in.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A psalm for Asaph. The God of gods, the Lord hath spoken: and he hath called the earth. From the rising of the sun, to the going down thereof:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[A Psalme of Asaph.]] The mightie God, [euen] the LORD hath spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sunne, vnto the going downe thereof.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[A Psalm for Asaph.]] The God of gods, the Lord, has spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sun to the going down [thereof].
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[A Psalm of Asaf.]] El Elohim, [even] Yahweh, hath spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sun unto the going down thereof.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[A Psalm 4210
{4210} Prime
From H2167; properly instrumental music; by implication a poem set to notes.
of sf אָסָף.]] 623
{0623} Prime
From H0622; collector; Asaph, the name of three Israelites, and of the family of the first.
l אֵל 410
{0410} Prime
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
[even] Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
hath spoken, 1696
{1696} Prime
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
and called 7121
{7121} Prime
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the earth 776
{0776} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
from the rising 4217
{4217} Prime
From H2224; sunrise, that is, the east.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the sun 8121
{8121} Prime
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication the east; figuratively a ray, that is, (architecturally) a notched battlement.
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the going down 3996
{3996} Prime
From H0935; an entrance (the place or the act); specifically (with or without H8121) sunset or the west; also (adverbially with preposition) towards.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 50:1-4

_ _ Psalms 50:1-23. In the grandeur and solemnity of a divine judgment, God is introduced as instructing men in the nature of true worship, exposing hypocrisy, warning the wicked, and encouraging the pious.

_ _ The description of this majestic appearance of God resembles that of His giving the law (compare Exodus 19:16; Exodus 20:18; Deuteronomy 32:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 50:1-6

_ _ It is probable that Asaph was not only the chief musician, who was to put a tune to this psalm, but that he was himself the penman of it; for we read that in Hezekiah's time they praised God in the words of David and of Asaph the seer, 2 Chronicles 29:30. Here is,

_ _ I. The court called, in the name of the King of kings (Psalms 50:2): The mighty God, even the Lord, hath spoken — El, Elohim, Jehovah, the God of infinite power justice and mercy, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. God is the Judge, the Son of God came for judgement into the world, and the Holy Ghost is the Spirit of judgment. All the earth is called to attend, not only because the controversy God had with his people Israel for their hypocrisy and ingratitude might safely be referred to any man of reason (nay, let the house of Israel itself judge between God and his vineyard, Isaiah 5:3), but because all the children of men are concerned to know the right way of worshipping God, in spirit and in truth, because when the kingdom of the Messiah should be set up all should be instructed in the evangelical worship, and invited to join in it (see Malachi 1:11, Acts 10:34), and because in the day of final judgment all nations shall be gathered together to receive their doom, and every man shall give an account of himself unto God.

_ _ II. The judgment set, and the Judge taking his seat. As, when God gave the law to Israel in the wilderness, it is said, He came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir, and shone forth from Mount Paran, and came with ten thousands of his saints, and then from his right hand went a fiery law (Deuteronomy 33:2), so, with allusion to that, when God comes to reprove them for their hypocrisy, and to send forth his gospel to supersede the legal institutions, it is said here, 1. That he shall shine out of Zion, as then from the top of Sinai, Psalms 50:2. Because in Zion his oracle was now fixed, thence his judgments upon that provoking people denounced, and thence the orders issued for the execution of them (Joel 2:1): Blow you the trumpet in Zion. Sometimes there are more than ordinary appearances of God's presence and power working with and by his word and ordinances, for the convincing of men's consciences and the reforming and refining of his church; and then God, who always dwells in Zion, may be said to shine out of Zion. Moreover, he may be said to shine out of Zion because the gospel, which set up spiritual worship, was to go forth from Mount Zion (Isaiah 2:3, Micah 4:2), and the preachers of it were to begin at Jerusalem (Luke 24:47), and Christians are said to come unto Mount Zion, to receive their instructions, Hebrews 12:22, Hebrews 12:28. Zion is here called the perfection of beauty, because it was the holy hill; and holiness is indeed the perfection of beauty. 2. That he shall come, and not keep silence, shall no longer seem to wink at the sins of men, as he had done (Psalms 50:21), but shall show his displeasure at them, and shall also cause that mystery to be published to the world by his holy apostles which had long lain hid, that the Gentiles should be fellow-heirs (Ephesians 3:5, Ephesians 3:6) and that the partition-wall of the ceremonial law should be taken down; this shall now no longer be concealed. In the great day our God shall come and shall not keep silence, but shall make those to hear his judgment that would not hearken to his law. 3. That his appearance should be very majestic and terrible: A fire shall devour before him. The fire of his judgments shall make way for the rebukes of his word, in order to the awakening of the hypocritical nation of the Jews, that the sinners in Zion, being afraid of that devouring fire (Isaiah 33:14), might be startled out of their sins. When his gospel kingdom was to be set up Christ came to send fire on the earth, Luke 12:49. The Spirit was given in cloven tongues as of fire, introduced by a rushing mighty wind, which was very tempestuous, Acts 2:2, Acts 2:3. And in the last judgment Christ shall come in flaming fire, 2 Thessalonians 1:8. See Daniel 7:9; Hebrews 10:27. 4. That as on Mount Sinai he came with ten thousands of his saints, so he shall now call to the heavens from above, to take notice of this solemn process (Psalms 50:4), as Moses often called heaven and earth to witness against Israel (Deuteronomy 4:26, Deuteronomy 31:28, Deuteronomy 32:1), and God by his prophets, Isaiah 1:2; Micah 6:2. The equity of the judgment of the great day will be attested and applauded by heaven and earth, by saints and angels, even all the holy myriads.

_ _ III. The parties summoned (Psalms 50:5): Gather my saints together unto me. This may be understood either, 1. Of saints indeed: “Let them be gathered to God through Christ; let the few pious Israelites be set by themselves;” for to them the following denunciations of wrath do not belong; rebukes to hypocrites ought not to be terrors to the upright. When God will reject the services of those that only offered sacrifice, resting in the outside of the performance, he will graciously accept those who, in sacrificing, make a covenant with him, and so attend to and answer the end of the institution of sacrifices. The design of the preaching of the gospel, and the setting up of Christ's kingdom, was to gather together in one the children of God, John 11:52. And at the second coming of Jesus Christ all his saints shall be gathered together unto him (2 Thessalonians 2:1) to be assessors with him in the judgment; for the saints shall judge the world, 1 Corinthians 6:2. Now it is here given as a character of the saints that they have made a covenant with God by sacrifice. Note, (1.) Those only shall be gathered to God as his saints who have, in sincerity, covenanted with him, who have taken him to be their God and given up themselves to him to be his people, and thus have joined themselves unto the Lord. (2.) It is only by sacrifice, by Christ the great sacrifice (from whom all the legal sacrifices derived what value they had), that we poor sinners can covenant with God so as to be accepted of him. There must be an atonement made for the breach of the first covenant before we can be admitted again into covenant. Or, 2. It may be understood of saints in profession, such as the people of Israel were, who are called a kingdom of priests and a holy nation, Exodus 19:6. They were, as a body politic, taken into covenant with God, the covenant of peculiarity; and it was done with great solemnity, by sacrifice, Exodus 24:8. “Let them come and hear what God has to say to them; let them receive the reproofs God sends them now by his prophets, and the gospel he will, in due time, send them by his Son, which shall supersede the ceremonial law. If these be slighted, let them expect to hear from God another way, and to be judged by that word which they will not be ruled by.”

_ _ IV. The issue of this solemn trial foretold (Psalms 50:6): The heavens shall declare his righteousness, those heavens that were called to be witnesses to the trial (Psalms 50:4); the people in heaven shall say, Hallelujah. True and righteous are his judgments, Revelation 19:1, Revelation 19:2. The righteousness of God in all the rebukes of his word and providence, in the establishment of his gospel (which brings in an everlasting righteousness, and in which the righteousness of God is revealed), and especially in the judgment of the great day, is what the heavens will declare; that is, 1. It will be universally known, and proclaimed to all the world. As the heavens declare the glory, the wisdom and power, of God the Creator (Psalms 19:1), so they shall no less openly declare the glory, the justice and righteousness, of God the Judge; and so loudly do they proclaim both that there is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard, as it follows there, Psalms 50:3. 2. It will be incontestably owned and proved; who can deny what the heavens declare? Even sinners' own consciences will subscribe to it, and hell as well as heaven will be forced to acknowledge the righteousness of God. The reason given is, for God is Judge himself, and therefore, (1.) He will be just; for it is impossible he should do any wrong to any of his creatures, he never did, nor ever will. When men are employed to judge for him they may do unjustly; but, when he is Judge himself, there can be no injustice done. Is God unrighteous, who takes vengeance? The apostle, for this reason, startles at the thought of it; God forbid! for then how shall God judge the world? Romans 3:5, Romans 3:6. These decisions will be perfectly just, for against them there will lie no exception, and from them there will lie no appeal. (2.) He will be justified; God is Judge, and therefore he will not only execute justice, but he will oblige all to own it; for he will be clear when he judges, Psalms 51:4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 50:1

Called — All the inhabitants of the earth, from one end to the other: whom he here summons to be witnesses of his proceedings in this solemn judgment, between him and his people, which is here poetically represented. For here is a tribunal erected, the judge coming to it, the witnesses and delinquents summoned, and at last the sentence given.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 50:1

"A Psalm of (a) Asaph." The mighty God, [even] the LORD, hath spoken, and called the (b) earth from the rising of the sun unto the going down thereof.

(a) Who was either the author, or a chief singer, to whom it was committed.

(b) To plead against his deceitful people before heaven and earth.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 145:3-6 Great [is] the LORD, and greatly to be praised; and his greatness [is] unsearchable. ... And [men] shall speak of the might of thy terrible acts: and I will declare thy greatness.
Genesis 17:1 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I [am] the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.
Joshua 22:22 The LORD God of gods, the LORD God of gods, he knoweth, and Israel he shall know; if [it be] in rebellion, or if in transgression against the LORD, (save us not this day,)
Nehemiah 9:6 Thou, [even] thou, [art] LORD alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all [things] that [are] therein, the seas, and all that [is] therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee.
Nehemiah 9:32 Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the terrible God, who keepest covenant and mercy, let not all the trouble seem little before thee, that hath come upon us, on our kings, on our princes, and on our priests, and on our prophets, and on our fathers, and on all thy people, since the time of the kings of Assyria unto this day.
Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Jeremiah 10:6 Forasmuch as [there is] none like unto thee, O LORD; thou [art] great, and thy name [is] great in might.
Jeremiah 32:18-19 Thou shewest lovingkindness unto thousands, and recompensest the iniquity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after them: the Great, the Mighty God, the LORD of hosts, [is] his name, ... Great in counsel, and mighty in work: for thine eyes [are] open upon all the ways of the sons of men: to give every one according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings:


1 Kings 18:21 And Elijah came unto all the people, and said, How long halt ye between two opinions? if the LORD [be] God, follow him: but if Baal, [then] follow him. And the people answered him not a word.
1 Kings 18:36-37 And it came to pass at [the time of] the offering of the [evening] sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near, and said, LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, let it be known this day that thou [art] God in Israel, and [that] I [am] thy servant, and [that] I have done all these things at thy word. ... Hear me, O LORD, hear me, that this people may know that thou [art] the LORD God, and [that] thou hast turned their heart back again.
Isaiah 37:20 Now therefore, O LORD our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou [art] the LORD, [even] thou only.
Isaiah 54:5 For thy Maker [is] thine husband; the LORD of hosts [is] his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called.

hath spoken:

Isaiah 1:2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me.
Amos 3:8 The lion hath roared, who will not fear? the Lord GOD hath spoken, who can but prophesy?


Psalms 49:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm for the sons of Korah.]] Hear this, all [ye] people; give ear, all [ye] inhabitants of the world: ... Both low and high, rich and poor, together.
Psalms 113:3 From the rising of the sun unto the going down of the same the LORD'S name [is] to be praised.
Malachi 1:11 For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name [shall be] great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense [shall be] offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name [shall be] great among the heathen, saith the LORD of hosts.
Matthew 25:32 And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth [his] sheep from the goats:
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Gn 17:1. Jsh 22:22. 1K 18:21, 36. Ne 9:6, 32. Ps 49:1; 113:3; 145:3. Is 1:2; 9:6; 37:20; 54:5. Jr 10:6; 32:18. Am 3:8. Mal 1:11. Mt 25:32.

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