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Psalms 49:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore should I fear in the days of evil, When iniquity at my heels compasseth me about?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore should I fear in the days of evil, [when] the iniquity of my heels shall compass me about?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Why should I fear in days of adversity, When the iniquity of my foes surrounds me,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Why should I fear in the days of evil, [when] the iniquity of my heels shall encompass me?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore should I fear in the days of adversity, [when] the iniquity of my supplanters encompasseth me?—
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore should I fear in the days of calamity, Though the iniquity of them who lie in wait for me should enclose me?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Why do I fear in days of evil? The iniquity of my supplanters doth compass me.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Why shall I fear in the evil day? the iniquity of my heel shall encompass me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore should I feare in the daies of euill, [when] the iniquitie of my heeles shall compasse me about?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Wherefore should I fear in the evil day? the iniquity of my heel shall compass me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Wherefore should I fear in the days of evil, [when] the iniquity of my heels shall compass me about?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
should I fear 3372
{3372} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in the days 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of evil, 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
[when] the iniquity 5771
{5771} Prime
עָוֹן
`avon
{aw-vone'}
From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil.
of my heels y6120
[6120] Standard
עָקֵב
`aqeb
{aw-kabe'}
From H6117 in its denominative sense; a lier in wait. (heel is by mistake for H6119.).
x6119
(6119) Complement
עָקֵב
`aqeb
{aw-kabe'}
From H6117; a heel (as protuberant); hence a track; figuratively the rear (of an army). (lier in wait is by mistake for H6120.).
shall compass y5437
[5437] Standard
סָבַב
cabab
{saw-bab'}
A primitive root; to revolve, surround or border; used in various applications, literally and figuratively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
me about? x5437
(5437) Complement
סָבַב
cabab
{saw-bab'}
A primitive root; to revolve, surround or border; used in various applications, literally and figuratively.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 49:5

_ _ iniquity — or, “calamity” (Psalms 40:12).

_ _ of my heels — literally “my supplanters” (Genesis 27:36), or oppressors: “I am surrounded by the evils they inflict.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 49:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 49:5

In the days — In times of great distress and calamity, when wicked men flourish, and good men are oppressed. Supplanters — This character fitly agrees to David's enemies, who were not only malicious, but deceitful and treacherous.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 49:5

Wherefore should I (b) fear in the days of evil, [when] the iniquity of my heels shall compass me about?

(b) Though wickedness reigns and enemies rage, seeing God will execute his judgments against the wicked at a suitable time.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Wherefore:

Psalms 27:1-2 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] The LORD [is] my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD [is] the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid? ... When the wicked, [even] mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell.
Psalms 46:1-2 [[To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, A Song upon Alamoth.]] God [is] our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. ... Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea;
Isaiah 41:10-11 Fear thou not; for I [am] with thee: be not dismayed; for I [am] thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness. ... Behold, all they that were incensed against thee shall be ashamed and confounded: they shall be as nothing; and they that strive with thee shall perish.
Acts 27:24 Saying, Fear not, Paul; thou must be brought before Caesar: and, lo, God hath given thee all them that sail with thee.
Romans 8:33-34 Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? [It is] God that justifieth. ... Who [is] he that condemneth? [It is] Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
Philippians 1:28 And in nothing terrified by your adversaries: which is to them an evident token of perdition, but to you of salvation, and that of God.

days:

Proverbs 24:10 [If] thou faint in the day of adversity, thy strength [is] small.
Amos 5:13 Therefore the prudent shall keep silence in that time; for it [is] an evil time.
Ephesians 5:16 Redeeming the time, because the days are evil.

iniquity:

Psalms 38:4 For mine iniquities are gone over mine head: as an heavy burden they are too heavy for me.
Proverbs 5:22 His own iniquities shall take the wicked himself, and he shall be holden with the cords of his sins.
Hosea 7:2 And they consider not in their hearts [that] I remember all their wickedness: now their own doings have beset them about; they are before my face.

heels:

Psalms 22:16 For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.
Psalms 56:6-7 They gather themselves together, they hide themselves, they mark my steps, when they wait for my soul. ... Shall they escape by iniquity? in [thine] anger cast down the people, O God.
Genesis 49:17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward.
1 Samuel 26:20 Now therefore, let not my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD: for the king of Israel is come out to seek a flea, as when one doth hunt a partridge in the mountains.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 49:17. 1S 26:20. Ps 22:16; 27:1; 38:4; 46:1; 56:6. Pv 5:22; 24:10. Is 41:10. Ho 7:2. Am 5:13. Ac 27:24. Ro 8:33. Ep 5:16. Php 1:28.

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