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Psalms 49:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They are appointed as a flock for Sheol; Death shall be their shepherd; And the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; And their beauty shall be for Sheol to consume, That there be no habitation for it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— As sheep they are appointed for Sheol; Death shall be their shepherd; And the upright shall rule over them in the morning, And their form shall be for Sheol to consume So that they have no habitation.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Like sheep are they laid in Sheol: Death feedeth on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their comeliness shall be for Sheol to consume, that there be no habitation for them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Like sheep—into hades, are they driven, Death shall shepherd them,—And the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning, Even their form, is to decay, Hades, is all that remaineth of a habitation for him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As sheep for Sheol they have set themselves, Death doth afflict them, And the upright rule over them in the morning, And their form [is] for consumption. Sheol [is] a dwelling for him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They are laid in hell like sheep: death shall feed upon them. And the just shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their help shall decay in hell from their glory.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Like sheepe they are layd in the graue, death shall feede on them; and the vpright shall haue dominion ouer them in the morning, and their beauty shall consume in the graue, from their dwelling.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— They have laid [them] as sheep in the grave{gr.Hades}; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning, and their help shall fail in the grave{gr.Hades} from their glory.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Like sheep 6629
{6629} Prime
צֹאן
tso'n
{tsone}
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
they are laid 8371
{8371} Prime
שָׁתַת
shathath
{shaw-thath'}
A primitive root; to place, that is, array; reflexively to lie.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in the grave; 7585
{7585} Prime
שְׁאוֹל
sh@'owl
{sheh-ole'}
From H7592; hades or the world of the dead (as if a subterranian retreat), including its accessories and inmates.
death 4194
{4194} Prime
מָוֶת
maveth
{maw'-veth}
From H4191; death (natural or violent); concretely the dead, their place or state (hades); figuratively pestilence, ruin.
shall feed 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
on them; and the upright 3477
{3477} Prime
יָשָׁר
yashar
{yaw-shawr'}
From H3474; straight (literally or figuratively).
shall have dominion 7287
{7287} Prime
רָדָה
radah
{raw-daw'}
A primitive root; to tread down, that is, subjugate; specifically to crumble off.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
over them in the morning; 1242
{1242} Prime
בֹּקֶר
boqer
{bo'-ker}
From H1239; properly dawn (as the break of day); generally morning.
and their beauty 6697
{6697} Prime
צוּר
tsuwr
{tsoor}
From H6696; properly a cliff (or sharp rock, as compressed); generally a rock or boulder; figuratively a refuge; also an edge (as precipitous).
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
y6736
[6736] Standard
צִיר
tsiyr
{tseer}
The same as H6735; a form (of beauty; as if pressed out, that is, carved); hence an (idolatrous) image.
shall consume 1086
{1086} Prime
בָּלָה
balah
{baw-law'}
A primitive root; to fail; by implication to wear out, decay (causatively consume, spend).
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
in the grave 7585
{7585} Prime
שְׁאוֹל
sh@'owl
{sheh-ole'}
From H7592; hades or the world of the dead (as if a subterranian retreat), including its accessories and inmates.
from their dwelling. 2073
{2073} Prime
זְבוּל
z@buwl
{ze-bool'}
From H2082; a residence.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 49:14

_ _ Like sheep — (compare Psalms 49:12) unwittingly, they

_ _ are laid — or, “put,” etc.

_ _ death shall feed on — or, better, “shall rule”

_ _ them — as a shepherd (compare “feed,” Psalms 28:9, Margin).

_ _ have dominion over — or, “subdue”

_ _ them in the morning — suddenly, or in their turn.

_ _ their beauty — literally, “form” or shape.

_ _ shall consume — literally, “is for the consumption,” that is, of the grave.

_ _ from their dwelling — literally, “from their home (they go) to it,” that is, the grave.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 49:6-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 49:14

Sheep — Which for a season are in sweet pastures, but at the owner's pleasure are led away to the slaughter. Death — The first death shall consume their bodies, and the second death shall devour their souls. The upright — Good men whom they abused at their pleasure. Morning — In the day of the general judgment, and the resurrection of the dead. Beauty — All their glory and felicity. Dwelling — They shall be hurried from their large and stately mansions, into a close and dark grave.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 49:14

(k) Like sheep they are laid in the grave; (l) death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the (m) morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling.

(k) As sheep are gathered into the fold, so shall they be brought to the grave.

(l) Because they have no part of life everlasting.

(m) Christ's coming is as the morning, when the elect will reign with Christ their head over the wicked.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Like:

Psalms 44:11 Thou hast given us like sheep [appointed] for meat; and hast scattered us among the heathen.
Jeremiah 12:3 But thou, O LORD, knowest me: thou hast seen me, and tried mine heart toward thee: pull them out like sheep for the slaughter, and prepare them for the day of slaughter.
Romans 8:36 As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.

they:

Job 17:13-14 If I wait, the grave [is] mine house: I have made my bed in the darkness. ... I have said to corruption, Thou [art] my father: to the worm, [Thou art] my mother, and my sister.
Job 21:13 They spend their days in wealth, and in a moment go down to the grave.
Job 21:26 They shall lie down alike in the dust, and the worms shall cover them.
Job 30:23 For I know [that] thou wilt bring me [to] death, and [to] the house appointed for all living.
Ecclesiastes 12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.
Isaiah 38:10-11 I said in the cutting off of my days, I shall go to the gates of the grave: I am deprived of the residue of my years. ... I said, I shall not see the LORD, [even] the LORD, in the land of the living: I shall behold man no more with the inhabitants of the world.

death:

Job 24:19-20 Drought and heat consume the snow waters: [so doth] the grave [those which] have sinned. ... The womb shall forget him; the worm shall feed sweetly on him; he shall be no more remembered; and wickedness shall be broken as a tree.

upright:

Psalms 47:3 He shall subdue the people under us, and the nations under our feet.
Daniel 7:22 Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom.
Malachi 4:3 And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do [this], saith the LORD of hosts.
Luke 22:30 That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
1 Corinthians 6:2 Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters?
Revelation 2:26-27 And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations: ... And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.
Revelation 20:4-5 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and [I saw] the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received [his] mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years. ... But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This [is] the first resurrection.

morning:

Psalms 30:5 For his anger [endureth but] a moment; in his favour [is] life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy [cometh] in the morning.
Hosea 6:3 Then shall we know, [if] we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter [and] former rain unto the earth.

their:

Psalms 39:11 When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man [is] vanity. Selah.
Job 4:21 Doth not their excellency [which is] in them go away? they die, even without wisdom.

beauty:
or, strength

in the grave:
etc. or, the grave being an habitation to every one of them,
Job 30:23 For I know [that] thou wilt bring me [to] death, and [to] the house appointed for all living.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 4:21; 17:13; 21:13, 26; 24:19; 30:23. Ps 30:5; 39:11; 44:11; 47:3. Ec 12:7. Is 38:10. Jr 12:3. Dn 7:22. Ho 6:3. Mal 4:3. Lk 22:30. Ro 8:36. 1Co 6:2. Rv 2:26; 20:4.

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