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Psalms 47:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The princes of the peoples are gathered together [To be] the people of the God of Abraham: For the shields of the earth belong unto God; He is greatly exalted.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The princes of the people are gathered together, [even] the people of the God of Abraham: for the shields of the earth [belong] unto God: he is greatly exalted.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The princes of the people have assembled themselves [as] the people of the God of Abraham, For the shields of the earth belong to God; He is highly exalted.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The princes of the people are assembled, [even] the people of the God of Abraham: for the shields of the earth [belong] to God: he is greatly exalted.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The willing-hearted of the peoples have gathered together, [with] the people of the God of Abraham. For unto God [belong] the shields of the earth: he is greatly exalted.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The willing-hearted of the peoples, have gathered themselves together, The people of the God of Abraham; For, to God, belong the shields of the earth, Greatly is he exalted.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Nobles of peoples have been gathered, [With] the people of the God of Abraham, For to God [are] the shields of earth, Greatly hath He been exalted!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The princes of the people are gathered together, with the God of Abraham: for the strong gods of the earth are exceedingly exalted.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The princes of the people are gathered together, [euen] the people of the God of Abraham: for the shields of the earth [belong] vnto God: hee is greatly exalted.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The rulers of the people are assembled with the God of Abraham{gr.Abraam}: for God's mighty ones of the earth have been greatly exalted.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The princes of the people are gathered together, [even] the people of the Elohim of Avraham: for the shields of the earth [belong] unto Elohim: he is greatly exalted.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The princes 5081
{5081} Prime
נָדִיב
nadiyb
{naw-deeb'}
From H5068; properly voluntary, that is, generous; hence, magnanimous; as noun, a grandee (sometimes a tyrant).
of the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
are gathered together, 622
{0622} Prime
אסף
'acaph
{aw-saf'}
A primitive root; to gather for any purpose; hence to receive, take away, that is, remove (destroy, leave behind, put up, restore, etc.).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
[even] the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
of the lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
of Avrhm אַברָהָם: 85
{0085} Prime
אַבְרָהָם
'Abraham
{ab-raw-hawm'}
Contracted from H0001 and an unused root (probably meaning to be populous); father of a multitude; Abraham, the later name of Abram.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the shields 4043
{4043} Prime
מָגֵן
magen
{maw-gane'}
From H1598; a shield (that is, the small one or buckler); figuratively a protector; also the scaly hide of the crocodile.
of the earth 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
[belong] unto lhm אֱלֹהִים: 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
he is greatly 3966
{3966} Prime
מְאֹד
m@`od
{meh-ode'}
From the same as H0181; properly vehemence, that is, (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated).
exalted. 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 47:8-9.


Psalms 47:9

_ _ princes — who represent peoples. For —

_ _ even — supply, “as,” or, “to” — that is, they all become united under covenant with Abraham’s God.

_ _ shields — as in Hosea 4:18, “rulers” [Margin].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 47:5-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 47:9

The princes — The Gentiles, who were divided in their principles, and interests, and religions, are now united and gathered together to Christ, laying their scepters at his feet, and jointly owning his worship and service. And altho' he mentions their conversion only, yet the conversion of their people might reasonably be supposed. Of the God — He doth not say the people of Abraham, lest this should be appropriated to the Israelites; but the people of the God of Abraham who worship the God of Abraham, whether they be Jews or Gentiles. The Shields — The princes or rulers, who are called shields, Hosea 4:18, because by their office they are the common prosecutors of all their people. These are the Lord's, at his disposal, or subject to his dominion, both as to their hearts and kingdoms. Exalted — By this means God shall be greatly glorified.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 47:9

The princes of the people are gathered together, [even] the people of the God of Abraham: for the shields of the earth [belong] unto God: he (f) is greatly exalted.

(f) He praises God's highness, for that he joins the great princes of the world (whom he calls shields) to the fellowship of his Church.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The princes:
etc. or, The voluntary of the people are gathered unto the people of, etc.
Psalms 72:7-9 In his days shall the righteous flourish; and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth. ... They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before him; and his enemies shall lick the dust.
Psalms 110:2-3 The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. ... Thy people [shall be] willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.
Genesis 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him [shall] the gathering of the people [be].
Isaiah 11:10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.
Isaiah 60:4-5 Lift up thine eyes round about, and see: all they gather themselves together, they come to thee: thy sons shall come from far, and thy daughters shall be nursed at [thy] side. ... Then thou shalt see, and flow together, and thine heart shall fear, and be enlarged; because the abundance of the sea shall be converted unto thee, the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee.
Isaiah 66:19-20 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, [to] Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, [to] Tubal, and Javan, [to] the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles. ... And they shall bring all your brethren [for] an offering unto the LORD out of all nations upon horses, and in chariots, and in litters, and upon mules, and upon swift beasts, to my holy mountain Jerusalem, saith the LORD, as the children of Israel bring an offering in a clean vessel into the house of the LORD.
Romans 11:25 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.

the God:

Genesis 17:7-8 And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee. ... And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.
Exodus 3:6 Moreover he said, I [am] the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.
Exodus 3:15 And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this [is] my name for ever, and this [is] my memorial unto all generations.
Isaiah 41:8-10 But thou, Israel, [art] my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend. ... Fear thou not; for I [am] with thee: be not dismayed; for I [am] thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.
Matthew 22:32 I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.
Romans 4:11-12 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which [he had yet] being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: ... And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which [he had] being [yet] uncircumcised.
Galatians 3:29 And if ye [be] Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.

shields:

Psalms 89:18 For the LORD [is] our defence; and the Holy One of Israel [is] our king.
Proverbs 30:5 Every word of God [is] pure: he [is] a shield unto them that put their trust in him.
*marg.

he is:

Psalms 46:10 Be still, and know that I [am] God: I will be exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 17:7; 49:10. Ex 3:6, 15. Ps 46:10; 72:7; 89:18; 110:2. Pv 30:5. Is 11:10; 41:8; 60:4; 66:19. Mt 22:32. Ro 4:11; 11:25. Ga 3:29.

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