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Psalms 47:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— God is gone up with a shout, Jehovah with the sound of a trumpet.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— God is gone up with a shout, the LORD with the sound of a trumpet.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— God has ascended with a shout, The LORD, with the sound of a trumpet.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— God is gone up with a shout, the LORD with the sound of a trumpet.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— God is gone up amid shouting, Jehovah amid the sound of the trumpet.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— God hath ascended with a shout, Yahweh, with the sound of a horn.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— God hath gone up with a shout, Jehovah with the sound of a trumpet.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— God is ascended with jubilee, and the Lord with the sound of trumpet.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— God is gone vp with a shout, the LORD with the sound of a trumpet.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— God is gone up with a shout, the Lord with a sound of a trumpet.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Elohim is gone up with a shout, Yahweh with the sound of a trumpet.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
is gone up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with a shout, 8643
{8643} Prime
תְּרוּעָה
t@ruw`ah
{ter-oo-aw'}
From H7321; clamor, that is, acclamation of joy or a battle cry; especially clangor of trumpets, as an alarum.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
with the sound 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
of a trumpet. 7782
{7782} Prime
שׁוֹפָר
showphar
{sho-far'}
From H8231 in the original sense of incising; a cornet (as giving a clear sound) or curved horn.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 47:5-7

_ _ God, victorious over His enemies, reascends to heaven, amid the triumphant praises of His people, who celebrate His sovereign dominion. This sovereignty is what the Psalm teaches; hence he adds,

_ _ sing ... praises with understanding — literally, “sing and play an instructive (Psalm).” The whole typifies Christ’s ascension (compare Psalms 68:18).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 47:5-9

_ _ We are here most earnestly pressed to praise God, and to sing his praises; so backward are we to this duty that we have need to be urged to it by precept upon precept, and line upon line; so we are here (Psalms 47:6): Sing praises to God, and again, Sing praises, Sing praises to our King, and again, Sing praises. This intimates that it is a very necessary and excellent duty, that it is a duty we ought to be frequent and abundant in; we may sing praises again and again in the same words, and it is no vain repetition if it be done with new affections. Should not a people praise their God? Daniel 5:4. Should not subjects praise their king? God is our God, our King, and therefore we must praise him; we must sing his praises, as those that are pleased with them and that are not ashamed of them. But here is a needful rule subjoined (Psalms 47:7): Sing you praises with understanding, with Maschil. 1. “Intelligently; as those that do yourselves understand why and for what reasons you praise God and what is the meaning of the service.” This is the gospel-rule (1 Corinthians 14:15), to sing with the spirit and with the understanding also; it is only with the heart that we make melody to the Lord, Ephesians 5:19. It is not an acceptable service if it be not a reasonable service. 2. “Instructively, as those that desire to make others understand God's glorious perfections, and to teach them to praise him.” Three things are mentioned in these verses as just matter for our praises, and each of them will admit of a double sense: —

_ _ I. We must praise God going up (Psalms 47:5): God has gone up with a shout, which may refer, 1. To the carrying up of the ark to the hill of Zion, which was done with great solemnity, David himself dancing before it, the priests, it is likely, blowing the trumpets, and the people following with their loud huzzas. The ark being the instituted token of God's special presence with them, when that was brought up by warrant from him he might be said to go up. The emerging of God's ordinances out of obscurity, in order to the more public and solemn administration of them, is a great favour to any people, which they have reason to rejoice in and give thanks for. 2. To the ascension of our Lord Jesus into heaven, when he had finished his work on earth, Acts 1:9. Then God went up with a shout, the shout of a King, of a conqueror, as one who, having spoiled principalities and powers, then led captivity captive, Psalms 68:18. He went up as a Mediator, typified by the ark and the mercy-seat over it, and was brought as the ark was into the most holy place, into heaven itself; see Hebrews 9:24. We read not of a shout, or of the sound of a trumpet, at the ascension of Christ, but they were the inhabitants of the upper world, those sons of God, that then shouted for joy, Job 38:7. He shall come again in the same manner as he went (Acts 1:11) and we are sure that he shall come again with a shout and the sound of a trumpet.

_ _ II. We must praise God reigning, Psalms 47:7. 8. God is not only our King, and therefore we owe our homage to him, but he is King of all the earth (Psalms 47:7), over all the kings of the earth, and therefore in every place the incense of praise is to be offered up to him. Now this may be understood, 1. Of the kingdom of providence. God, as Creator, and the God of nature, reigns over the heathen, disposes of them and all their affairs, as he pleases, though they know him not, nor have any regard to him: He sits upon the throne of his holiness, which he has prepared in the heavens, and there he rules over all, even over the heathen, serving his own purposes by them and upon them. See here the extent of God's government; all are born within his allegiance; even the heathen that serve other gods are ruled by the true God, our God, whether they will or no. See the equity of his government; it is a throne of holiness, on which he sits, whence he gives warrants, orders, and judgment, in which we are sure there is no iniquity. 2. Of the kingdom of the Messiah. Jesus Christ, who is God, and whose throne is for ever and ever reigns over the heathen; not only he is entrusted with the administration of the providential kingdom, but he shall set up the kingdom of his grace in the Gentile world, and rule in the hearts of multitudes that were bred up in heathenism, Ephesians 2:12, Ephesians 2:13. This the apostle speaks of as a great mystery that the Gentiles should be fellow-heirs, Ephesians 3:6. Christ sits upon the throne of his holiness, his throne in the heavens, where all the administrations of his government are intended to show forth God's holiness and to advance holiness among the children of men.

_ _ III. We must praise God as attended and honoured by the princes of the people, Psalms 47:9. This may be understood, 1. Of the congress or convention of the states of Israel, the heads and rulers of the several tribes, at the solemn feasts, or to despatch the public business of the nation. It was the honour of Israel that they were the people of the God of Abraham, as they were Abraham's seed and taken into his covenant; and, thanks be to God, this blessing of Abraham has come upon the isles of the Gentiles, Galatians 3:14. It was their happiness that they had a settled government, princes of their people, who were the shields of their land. Magistracy is the shield of a nation, and it is a great mercy to any people to have this shield, especially when their princes, their shields, belong unto the Lord, are devoted to his honour, and their power is employed in his service, for then he is greatly exalted. It is likewise the honour of God that, in another sense, the shields of the earth do belong to him; magistracy is his institution, and he serves his own purposes by it in the government of the world, turning the hearts of kings as the rivers of water, which way soever he pleases. It was well with Israel when the princes of their people were gathered together to consult for the public welfare. The unanimous agreement of the great ones of a nation in the things that belong to its peace is a very happy omen, which promises abundance of blessings. 2. It may be applied to the calling of the Gentiles into the church of Christ, and taken as a prophecy that in the days of the Messiah the kings of the earth and their people should join themselves to the church, and bring their glory and power into the New Jerusalem, that they should all become the people of the God of Abraham, to whom it was promised that he should be the father of many nations. The volunteers of the people (so it may be read); it is the same word that is used in Psalms 110:3, Thy people shall be willing; for those that are gathered to Christ are not forced, but made freely willing, to be his. When the shields of the earth, the ensigns of royal dignity ( 1 Kings 14:27, 1 Kings 14:28,), are surrendered to the Lord Jesus, as the keys of a city are presented to the conqueror or sovereign, when princes use their power for the advancement of the interests of religion, then Christ is greatly exalted.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 47:5

God — This is meant literally of the ark: but mystically of Christ's ascension into heaven, as may be gathered by comparing this with Ephesians 4:8, where the like words uttered concerning the ark upon the same occasion, Psalms 68:18, are directly applied to Christ's ascension.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 47:5

God is gone up with a shout, the LORD with the (d) sound of a trumpet.

(d) He alludes to the trumpets that were blown at solemn feasts: but he further signifies the triumph of Christ and his glorious ascension into the heavens.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
God:

Psalms 24:7-10 Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in. ... Who is this King of glory? The LORD of hosts, he [is] the King of glory. Selah.
Psalms 68:17-19 The chariots of God [are] twenty thousand, [even] thousands of angels: the Lord [is] among them, [as in] Sinai, in the holy [place]. ... Blessed [be] the Lord, [who] daily loadeth us [with benefits, even] the God of our salvation. Selah.
Psalms 68:24-25 They have seen thy goings, O God; [even] the goings of my God, my King, in the sanctuary. ... The singers went before, the players on instruments [followed] after; among [them were] the damsels playing with timbrels.
Psalms 68:33 To him that rideth upon the heavens of heavens, [which were] of old; lo, he doth send out his voice, [and that] a mighty voice.
Luke 24:51-53 And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. ... And were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.
Acts 1:5-11 For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence. ... Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.
Ephesians 4:8-10 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. ... He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.

with a shout:

Psalms 78:65 Then the Lord awaked as one out of sleep, [and] like a mighty man that shouteth by reason of wine.
Numbers 23:21 He hath not beheld iniquity in Jacob, neither hath he seen perverseness in Israel: the LORD his God [is] with him, and the shout of a king [is] among them.
2 Samuel 6:15 So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.
1 Chronicles 15:28 Thus all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the LORD with shouting, and with sound of the cornet, and with trumpets, and with cymbals, making a noise with psalteries and harps.

sound:

Psalms 81:3 Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.
Psalms 150:3 Praise him with the sound of the trumpet: praise him with the psaltery and harp.
Numbers 10:1-10 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, ... Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I [am] the LORD your God.
Joshua 6:5 And it shall come to pass, that when they make a long [blast] with the ram's horn, [and] when ye hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall ascend up every man straight before him.
1 Chronicles 15:24 And Shebaniah, and Jehoshaphat, and Nethaneel, and Amasai, and Zechariah, and Benaiah, and Eliezer, the priests, did blow with the trumpets before the ark of God: and Obededom and Jehiah [were] doorkeepers for the ark.
1 Chronicles 16:42 And with them Heman and Jeduthun with trumpets and cymbals for those that should make a sound, and with musical instruments of God. And the sons of Jeduthun [were] porters.
1 Corinthians 15:52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
1 Thessalonians 4:16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:
Revelation 8:6-13 And the seven angels which had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound. ... And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are yet to sound!
Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become [the kingdoms] of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 10:1; 23:21. Jsh 6:5. 2S 6:15. 1Ch 15:24, 28; 16:42. Ps 24:7; 68:17, 24, 33; 78:65; 81:3; 150:3. Lk 24:51. Ac 1:5. 1Co 15:52. Ep 4:8. 1Th 4:16. 1Ti 3:16. Rv 8:6; 11:15.

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