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Psalms 46:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— There is a river, the streams whereof make glad the city of God, The holy place of the tabernacles of the Most High.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [There is] a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy [place] of the tabernacles of the most High.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God, The holy dwelling places of the Most High.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [There is] a river, the streams of which shall make glad the city of God, the holy [place] of the tabernacles of the Most High.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— There is a river the streams whereof make glad the city of God, the sanctuary of the habitations of the Most High.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A river! whose channels, shall gladden the city of God, The Most High, hath hallowed his habitation.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A river—its rivulets rejoice the city of God, Thy holy place of the tabernacles of the Most High.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The stream of the river maketh the city of God joyful: the most High hath sanctified his own tabernacle.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [There is] a riuer, the streames wherof shall make glad the citie of God: the holy place of the Tabernacles of the most High.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The flowings of the river gladden the city of God: the Most High has sanctified his tabernacle.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [There is] a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of Elohim, the holy [place] of the tabernacles of Elyon.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[There is] a river, 5104
{5104} Prime
From H5102; a stream (including the sea; especially the Nile, Euphrates, etc.); figuratively, prosperity.
the streams 6388
{6388} Prime
From H6385; a rill (that is, small channel of water, as in irrigation).
whereof shall make glad 8055
{8055} Prime
A primitive root; probably to brighten up, that is, (figuratively) be (causatively make) blithe or gleesome.
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
the city 5892
{5892} Prime
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
of lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
the holy 6918
{6918} Prime
From H6942; sacred (ceremonially or morally); (as noun) God (by eminence), an angel, a saint, a sanctuary.
[place] of the tabernacles 4908
{4908} Prime
From H7931; a residence (including a shepherd's hut, the lair of animals, figuratively the grave; also the Temple); specifically the Tabernacle (properly its wooden walls).
of `Elyn עֶליוֹן. 5945
{5945} Prime
From H5927; an elevation, that is, (adjectively) lofty (comparatively); as title, the Supreme.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 46:4

_ _ God’s favor is denoted by a river (compare Psalms 36:8; Zechariah 14:8; Revelation 22:1).

_ _ city of God, the holy place — His earthly residence, Jerusalem and the temple (compare Psalms 2:6; Psalms 3:4; Psalms 20:2; Psalms 48:2, etc.). God’s favor, like a river whose waters are conducted in channels, is distributed to all parts of His Church.

_ _ most High — denoting His supremacy (Psalms 17:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 46:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 46:4

A river — This may design the gracious presence, and blessing of the Lord, which is frequently described under the name of waters. Make glad — Shall not barely preserve it from danger, but give great occasion for rejoicing and thanksgiving. The city — Jerusalem, the place where God's holy tabernacle is settled.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 46:4

[There is] a (e) river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy [place] of the tabernacles of the most High.

(e) The river of Shiloh, which passed through Jerusalem: meaning, though the defence seems small, yet if God has appointed it, it is sufficient.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a river:

Psalms 23:2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.
Psalms 36:8-9 They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house; and thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures. ... For with thee [is] the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light.
Isaiah 8:6-7 Forasmuch as this people refuseth the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah's son; ... Now therefore, behold, the Lord bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, [even] the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks:
Isaiah 48:18 O that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! then had thy peace been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea:
Ezekiel 47:1-12 Afterward he brought me again unto the door of the house; and, behold, waters issued out from under the threshold of the house eastward: for the forefront of the house [stood toward] the east, and the waters came down from under from the right side of the house, at the south [side] of the altar. ... And by the river upon the bank thereof, on this side and on that side, shall grow all trees for meat, whose leaf shall not fade, neither shall the fruit thereof be consumed: it shall bring forth new fruit according to his months, because their waters they issued out of the sanctuary: and the fruit thereof shall be for meat, and the leaf thereof for medicine.
Revelation 22:1-3 And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. ... And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him:


Psalms 48:1 [[A Song [and] Psalm for the sons of Korah.]] Great [is] the LORD, and greatly to be praised in the city of our God, [in] the mountain of his holiness.
Psalms 48:8 As we have heard, so have we seen in the city of the LORD of hosts, in the city of our God: God will establish it for ever. Selah.
Psalms 87:3 Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God. Selah.
2 Chronicles 6:6 But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name might be there; and have chosen David to be over my people Israel.
Isaiah 37:35-36 For I will defend this city to save it for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake. ... Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they [were] all dead corpses.
Isaiah 60:14 The sons also of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee; and all they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet; and they shall call thee, The city of the LORD, The Zion of the Holy One of Israel.
Hebrews 12:22 But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,
Revelation 21:2-3 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. ... And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God [is] with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, [and be] their God.
Revelation 21:10 And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,


Deuteronomy 12:11-12 Then there shall be a place which the LORD your God shall choose to cause his name to dwell there; thither shall ye bring all that I command you; your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, your tithes, and the heave offering of your hand, and all your choice vows which ye vow unto the LORD: ... And ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God, ye, and your sons, and your daughters, and your menservants, and your maidservants, and the Levite that [is] within your gates; forasmuch as he hath no part nor inheritance with you.


Psalms 91:1 He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.
Psalms 92:1 [[A Psalm [or] Song for the sabbath day.]] [It is a] good [thing] to give thanks unto the LORD, and to sing praises unto thy name, O most High:
Psalms 92:8 But thou, LORD, [art most] high for evermore.
Ecclesiastes 5:8 If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter: for [he that is] higher than the highest regardeth; and [there be] higher than they.
Micah 6:6 Wherewith shall I come before the LORD, [and] bow myself before the high God? shall I come before him with burnt offerings, with calves of a year old?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 12:11. 2Ch 6:6. Ps 23:2; 36:8; 48:1, 8; 87:3; 91:1; 92:1, 8. Ec 5:8. Is 8:6; 37:35; 48:18; 60:14. Ezk 47:1. Mi 6:6. He 12:22. Rv 21:2, 10; 22:1.

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