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Psalms 45:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thine arrows are sharp; The peoples fall under thee; [They are] in the heart of the king's enemies.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thine arrows [are] sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; [whereby] the people fall under thee.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Your arrows are sharp; The peoples fall under You; [Your arrows are] in the heart of the King’s enemies.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thy arrows [are] sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; [by which] the people fall under thee.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thine arrows are sharp—peoples fall under thee—in the heart of the king's enemies.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thine arrows, are sharp—Peoples, under thee, fall! In the heart of the foes of the king.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thine arrows [are] sharp,—Peoples fall under Thee—In the heart of the enemies of the king.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thy arrows are sharp: under thee shall people fall, into the hearts of the king's enemies.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thine arrowes [are] sharpe in the heart of the Kings enemies; whereby the people fall vnder thee.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thy weapons are sharpened, Mighty One, (the nations shall fall under thee) [they are] in the heart of the king's enemies.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thine arrows [are] sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; [whereby] the people fall under thee.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thine arrows 2671
{2671} Prime
חֵץ
chets
{khayts}
From H2686; properly a piercer, that is, an arrow; by implication a wound; figuratively (of God) thunder bolt; (by interchange for H6086) the shaft of a spear.
[are] sharp 8150
{8150} Prime
שָׁנַן
shanan
{shaw-nan'}
A primitive root; to point (transitively or intransitively); intensively to pierce; figuratively to inculcate.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in the heart 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
of the king's 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
enemies; 341
{0341} Prime
אֹיֵב
'oyeb
{o-yabe'}
Active participle of H0340; hating; an adversary.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[whereby] the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
fall 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
under x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
thee.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 45:5

_ _ The result.

_ _ people — Whole nations are subdued.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 45:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 45:5

Arrows — The same with the sword, and this is no other than his word, which is sharp and powerful, and pierceth the hearts of men. The kings — Of thine enemies. Fall — Prostrate at thy feet, after the manner of conquered persons.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Thine:

Psalms 21:12 Therefore shalt thou make them turn their back, [when] thou shalt make ready [thine arrows] upon thy strings against the face of them.
Psalms 38:2 For thine arrows stick fast in me, and thy hand presseth me sore.
Numbers 24:8 God brought him forth out of Egypt; he hath as it were the strength of an unicorn: he shall eat up the nations his enemies, and shall break their bones, and pierce [them] through with his arrows.
Zechariah 9:13-14 When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man. ... And the LORD shall be seen over them, and his arrow shall go forth as the lightning: and the Lord GOD shall blow the trumpet, and shall go with whirlwinds of the south.

sharp:

Psalms 2:1-9 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? ... Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.
Luke 19:42-44 Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things [which belong] unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes. ... And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
Luke 20:18-19 Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder. ... And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them.
Acts 2:37 Now when they heard [this], they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men [and] brethren, what shall we do?
Acts 2:41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added [unto them] about three thousand souls.
Acts 5:33 When they heard [that], they were cut [to the heart], and took counsel to slay them.
Acts 7:54 When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed on him with [their] teeth.

people:

Psalms 22:27 All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the LORD: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee.
Psalms 66:3-4 Say unto God, How terrible [art thou in] thy works! through the greatness of thy power shall thine enemies submit themselves unto thee. ... All the earth shall worship thee, and shall sing unto thee; they shall sing [to] thy name. Selah.
Acts 4:4 Howbeit many of them which heard the word believed; and the number of the men was about five thousand.
Acts 5:14 And believers were the more added to the Lord, multitudes both of men and women.)
Acts 6:7 And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem greatly; and a great company of the priests were obedient to the faith.
Romans 15:18-19 For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which Christ hath not wrought by me, to make the Gentiles obedient, by word and deed, ... Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 24:8. Ps 2:1; 21:12; 22:27; 38:2; 66:3. Zc 9:13. Lk 19:42; 20:18. Ac 2:37, 41; 4:4; 5:14, 33; 6:7; 7:54. Ro 15:18.

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