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Psalms 45:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And in thy majesty ride on prosperously, Because of truth and meekness [and] righteousness: And thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness [and] righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And in Your majesty ride on victoriously, For the cause of truth and meekness [and] righteousness; Let Your right hand teach You awesome things.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness [and] righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And [in] thy splendour ride prosperously, because of truth and meekness [and] righteousness: and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, [in] thy majesty, be successful! ride forth! on behalf of faithfulness, and humility—righteousness, And let thine own right hand show thee wonderful things.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As to Thy majesty—prosper!—ride! Because of truth, and meekness—righteousness, And Thy right hand showeth Thee fearful things.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— With thy comeliness and thy beauty set out, proceed prosperously, and reign. Because of truth and meekness and justice: and thy right hand shall conduct thee wonderfully.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And in thy maiestie ride prosperously, because of trueth and meekenes, and righteousnesse: and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and bend [thy bow], and prosper, and reign, because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and thy right hand shall guide thee wonderfully.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness [and] righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And in thy majesty 1926
{1926} Prime
הָדָר
hadar
{haw-dawr'}
From H1921; magnificence, that is, ornament or splendor.
ride 7392
{7392} Prime
רָכַב
rakab
{raw-kab'}
A primitive root; to ride (on an animal or in a vehicle); causatively to place upon (for riding or generally), to despatch.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
prosperously 6743
{6743} Prime
צָלַח
tsalach
{tsaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to push forward, in various senses (literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
because 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
of truth 571
{0571} Prime
אֱמֶת
'emeth
{eh'-meth}
Contracted from H0539; stability; figuratively certainty, truth, trustworthiness.
and meekness 6037
{6037} Prime
עֲנָוָה
`anvah
{an-vaw'}
Feminine of H6035; mildness (royal); also (concretely) oppressed.
[and] righteousness; 6664
{6664} Prime
צֶדֶק
tsedeq
{tseh'-dek}
From H6663; the right (natural, moral or legal); also (abstractly) equity or (figuratively) prosperity.
and thy right hand 3225
{3225} Prime
יָמִין
yamiyn
{yaw-meen'}
From H3231; the right hand or side (leg, eye) of a person or other object (as the stronger and more dexterous); locally, the south.
shall teach 3384
{3384} Prime
יָרָה
yarah
{yaw-raw'}
A primitive root; properly to flow as water (that is, to rain); transitively to lay or throw (especially an arrow, that is, to shoot); figuratively to point out (as if by aiming the finger), to teach.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
thee terrible x3372
(3372) Complement
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
things. y3372
[3372] Standard
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 45:3-4.


Psalms 45:4

_ _ ride prosperously — or conduct a successful war.

_ _ because of — for the interests of truth, etc.

_ _ meekness ... righteousness — without any connection — that is, a righteousness or equity of government, distinguished by meekness or condescension (Psalms 18:35).

_ _ right hand — or power, as its organ.

_ _ shall teach thee — point the way to terrible things; that is, in conquest of enemies.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 45:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 45:4

And — Being thus magnificently girt and armed. Ride — March on speedily and successfully against thine enemies. The word — That is, the gospel: which is called the word of truth, Ephesians 1:13, and may no less truly be called the word of meekness, because it is not delivered with terror, as the law was at Sinai, but meekly and sweetly; and the word of righteousness, because it brings in everlasting righteousness, and strongly excites all men to the practice of righteousness and holiness. And so the gospel is compared, to an horse or chariot, upon which Christ is said to ride, when the gospel is preached, and carried about from place to place. Teach thee — Thou shalt do exploits, which shall be terrible to thine enemies. But the phrase, thy right hand shall teach thee, is not to be taken properly; the meaning is, his hand should shew him, discover and work before him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 45:4

And in thy majesty (d) ride prosperously because of truth and meekness [and] righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.

(d) He alludes to them, who ride in chariots in their triumphs, showing that the quiet state of a kingdom stands in truth, meekness and justice, and not in worldly pomp and vanity.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ride:
etc. Heb. prosper thou, ride thou,
Revelation 6:2 And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.
Revelation 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him [was] called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.

prosperously:

Psalms 110:2-3 The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. ... Thy people [shall be] willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.
1 Thessalonians 1:5 For our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance; as ye know what manner of men we were among you for your sake.
1 Thessalonians 2:13 For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received [it] not [as] the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.
2 Thessalonians 3:1 Finally, brethren, pray for us, that the word of the Lord may have [free] course, and be glorified, even as [it is] with you:

because:

Psalms 60:4 Thou hast given a banner to them that fear thee, that it may be displayed because of the truth. Selah.
John 1:17 For the law was given by Moses, [but] grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

meekness:

Zechariah 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he [is] just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.
Matthew 11:29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.
Matthew 12:19-20 He shall not strive, nor cry; neither shall any man hear his voice in the streets. ... A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory.
2 Corinthians 10:1 Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence [am] base among you, but being absent am bold toward you:

right:

Psalms 2:9 Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.
Psalms 21:8-9 Thine hand shall find out all thine enemies: thy right hand shall find out those that hate thee. ... Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.
Psalms 65:5 [By] terrible things in righteousness wilt thou answer us, O God of our salvation; [who art] the confidence of all the ends of the earth, and of them that are afar off [upon] the sea:
Psalms 110:5-6 The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath. ... He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill [the places] with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries.
Isaiah 59:17-18 For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance [for] clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke. ... According to [their] deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompence to his enemies; to the islands he will repay recompence.
Isaiah 63:1-6 Who [is] this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this [that is] glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save. ... And I will tread down the people in mine anger, and make them drunk in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth.
Luke 19:27 But those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay [them] before me.
2 Thessalonians 1:8-9 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: ... Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;
Revelation 6:16-17 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: ... For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?
Revelation 11:18 And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.
Revelation 19:17-21 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God; ... And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which [sword] proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.
Revelation 20:15 And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 2:9; 21:8; 60:4; 65:5; 110:2, 5. Is 59:17; 63:1. Zc 9:9. Mt 11:29; 12:19. Lk 19:27. Jn 1:17; 14:6. 2Co 10:1. 1Th 1:5; 2:13. 2Th 1:8; 3:1. Rv 6:2, 16; 11:18; 19:11, 17; 20:15.

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