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Psalms 45:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; Forget also thine own people, and thy father's house:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Listen, O daughter, give attention and incline your ear: Forget your people and your father’s house;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thy ear; forget also thy own people, and thy father's house;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Hearken, daughter, and see, and incline thine ear; and forget thine own people and thy father's house:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Hearken, O daughter, and observe, Incline also thine ear, Forget, then, thine own people, And the house of thy father;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Hearken, O daughter, and see, incline thine ear, And forget thy people, and thy father's house,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Hearken, O daughter, and see, and incline thy ear: and forget thy people and thy father's house.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hearken (O daughter) and consider, and incline thine eare; forget also thine owne people, and thy fathers house.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Hear, O daughter, and see, and incline thine ear; forget also thy people, and thy father's house.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Hearken, 8085
{8085} Prime
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
O daughter, 1323
{1323} Prime
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
and consider, 7200
{7200} Prime
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
and incline 5186
{5186} Prime
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
thine ear; 241
{0241} Prime
From H0238; broadness, that is, (concretely) the ear (from its form in man).
forget 7911
{7911} Prime
A primitive root; to mislay, that is, to be oblivious of, from want of memory or attention.
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
also thine own people, 5971
{5971} Prime
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
and thy father's 1
{0001} Prime
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
house; 1004
{1004} Prime
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 45:10-11

_ _ She is invited to the union, for forming which she must leave her father’s people. She representing, by the form of the allegory, the Church, this address is illustrated by all those scriptures, from Genesis 12:1 on, which speak of the people of God as a chosen, separate, and peculiar people. The relation of subjection to her spouse at once accords with the law of marriage, as given in Genesis 3:16; Genesis 18:12; Ephesians 5:22; 1 Peter 3:5, 1 Peter 3:6, and the relation of the Church to Christ (Ephesians 5:24). The love of the husband is intimately connected with the entire devotion to which the bride is exhorted.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 45:10-17

_ _ This latter part of the psalm is addressed to the royal bride, standing on the right hand of the royal bridegroom. God, who said to the Son, Thy throne is for ever and ever, says this to the church, which, upon the account of her espousals to the Son, he here calls his daughter.

_ _ I. He tells her of the duties expected from her, which ought to be considered by all those that come into relation to the Lord Jesus: “Hearken, therefore, and consider this, and incline thy ear, that is, submit to those conditions of thy espousals, and bring thy will to comply with them.” This is the method of profiting by the word of God. He that has ears, let him hear, let him hearken diligently; he that hearkens, let him consider and weigh it duly; he that considers, let him incline and yield to the force of what is laid before him. And what is it that is here required?

_ _ 1. She must renounce all others.

_ _ (1.) Here is the law of her espousals: “Forget thy own people and thy father's house, according to the law of marriage. Retain not the affection thou hast had for them, nor covet to return to them again; banish all such remembrance (not only of thy people that were dear to thee, but of thy father's house that were dearer) as may incline thee to look back, as Lot's wife to Sodom.” When Abraham, in obedience to God's call, had quitted his native soil, he was not so much as mindful of the country whence he came out. This shows, [1.] How necessary it was for those who were converted from Judaism or paganism to the faith of Christ wholly to cast out the old leaven, and not to bring into their Christian profession either the Jewish ceremonies or the heathen idolatries, for these would make such a mongrel religion in Christianity as the Samaritans had. [2.] How necessary it is for us all, when we give up our names to Jesus Christ, to hate father and mother, and all that is dear to us in this world, in comparison, that is, to love them less than Christ and his honour, and our interest in him, Luke 14:26.

_ _ (2.) Here is good encouragement given to the royal bride thus entirely to break off from her former alliances: So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty, which intimates that the mixing of her old rites and customs, whether Jewish or Gentile, with her religion, would blemish her beauty and would hazard her interest in the affections of the royal bridegroom, but that, if she entirely conformed to his will, he would delight in her. The beauty of holiness, both on the church and on particular believers, is in the sight of Christ of great price and very amiable. Where that is he says, This is my rest for ever; here will I dwell, for I have desired it. Among the golden candlesticks he walks with pleasure, Revelation 2:1.

_ _ 2. She must reverence him, must love, honour, and obey him: He is thy Lord, and worship thou him. The church is to be subject to Christ as the wife to the husband (Ephesians 5:24), to call him Lord, as Sarah called Abraham, and to obey him (1 Peter 3:6), and so not only to submit to his government, but to give him divine honours. We must worship him as God, and our Lord; for this is the will of God, that all men should honour the Son even as they honour the Father; nay, in so doing it is reckoned that they honour the Father. If we confess that Christ is Lord, and pay our homage to him accordingly, it is to the glory of God the Father, Philippians 2:11.

_ _ II. He tells her of the honours designed for her.

_ _ 1. Great court should be made to her, and rich presents brought her (Psalms 45:12): “The daughter of Tyre,” a rich and splendid city, “the daughter of the King of Tyre shall be there with a gift; every royal family round about shall send a branch, as a representative of the whole, to seek thy favour and to make an interest in thee; even the rich among the people, whose wealth might be thought to exempt them from dependence at court, even they shall entreat thy favour, for his sake to whom thou art espoused, that by thee they may make him their friend.” The Jews, the pretending Jews, who are rich to a proverb (as rich as a Jew), shall come and worship before the church's feet in the Philadelphian period, and shall know that Christ has loved her, Revelation 3:9. When the Gentiles, being converted to the faith of Christ, join themselves to the church, they then come with a gift, 2 Corinthians 8:5; Romans 15:16. When with themselves they devote all they have to the honour of Christ, and the service of his kingdom, they then come with a gift.

_ _ 2. She shall be very splendid, and highly esteemed in the eyes of all, (1.) For her personal qualifications, the endowments of her mind, which every one shall admire (Psalms 45:13): The king's daughter is all glorious within. Note, The glory of the church is spiritual glory, and that is indeed all glory; it is the glory of the soul, and that is the man; it is glory in God's sight, and it is an earnest of eternal glory. The glory of the saints falls not within the view of a carnal eye. As their life, so their glory, is hidden with Christ in God, neither can the natural man know it, for it is spiritually discerned; but those who do so discern it highly value it. Let us see here what is that true glory which we should be ambitious of, not that which makes a fair show in the flesh, but which is in the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible (1 Peter 3:4), whose praise is not of men, but of God, Romans 2:29. (2.) For her rich apparel. Though all her glory is within, that for which she is truly valuable, yet her clothing also is of wrought gold; the conversation of Christians, in which they appear in the world, must be enriched with good works, not gay and gaudy ones, like paint and flourish, but substantially good, like gold; and it must be accurate and exact, like wrought gold, which is worked with a great deal of care and caution.

_ _ 3. Her nuptials shall be celebrated with a great deal of honour and joy (Psalms 45:14, Psalms 45:15): She shall be brought to the king, as the Lord God brought the woman to the man (Genesis 2:22), which was a type of this mystical marriage between Christ and his church. None are brought to Christ but whom the Father brings, and he has undertaken to do it; none besides are so brought to the king (Psalms 45:14) as to enter into the king's palace, Psalms 45:15.

_ _ (1.) This intimates a two-fold bringing of the spouse to Christ. [1.] In the conversion of souls to Christ; then they are espoused to him, privately contracted, as chaste virgins, 2 Corinthians 11:2; Romans 7:4. [2.] In the completing of the mystical body, and the glorification of all the saints, at the end of time; then the bride, the Lamb's wife, shall be made completely ready, when all that belong to the election of grace shall be called in and called home, and all gathered together to Christ, 2 Thessalonians 2:1. Then is the marriage of the Lamb come (Revelation 19:7; Revelation 21:2), and the virgins go forth to meet the bridegroom, Matthew 25:1. Then they shall enter into the king's palaces, into the heavenly mansions, to be ever with the Lord.

_ _ (2.) In both these espousals, observe, to the honour of the royal bride, [1.] Her wedding clothes — raiment of needle-work, the righteousness of Christ, the graces of the Spirit; both curiously wrought by divine wisdom. [2.] Her bride-maids — the virgins her companions, the wise virgins who have oil in their vessels as well as in their lamps, those who, being joined to the church, cleave to it and follow it, these shall go in to the marriage. [3.] The mirth with which the nuptials will be celebrated: With gladness and rejoicing shall she be brought. When the prodigal is brought home to his father it is meet that we should make merry and be glad (Luke 15:32); and when the marriage of the Lamb has come let us be glad and rejoice (Revelation 19:7); for the day of his espousals is the day of the gladness of his heart, Song of Songs 3:11.

_ _ 4. The progeny of this marriage shall be illustrious (Psalms 45:16): Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children. Instead of the Old Testament church, the economy of which had waxed old, and ready to vanish away (Hebrews 8:13), as the fathers that are going off, there shall be a New Testament church, a Gentile-church, that shall be grafted into the same olive and partake of its root and fatness (Romans 11:17); more and more eminent shall be the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, Isaiah 54:1. This promise to Christ is of the same import with that Isaiah 53:10, He shall see his seed; and these shall be made princes in all the earth; there shall be some of all nations brought into subjection to Christ, and so made princes, made to our God kings and priests, Revelation 1:6. Or it may intimate that there should be a much greater number of Christian kings than ever there was of Jewish kings (those in Canaan only, these in all the earth), nursing fathers and nursing mothers to the church, which shall suck the breasts of kings. They are princes of Christ's making; for by him kings reign and princes decree justice.

_ _ 5. The praise of this marriage shall be perpetual in the praises of the royal bridegroom (Psalms 45:17): I will make thy name to be remembered. His Father has given him a name above every name, and here promises to make it perpetual, by keeping up a succession of ministers and Christians in every age, that shall bear up his name, which shall thus endure for ever (Psalms 72:17), by being remembered in all the generations of time; for the entail of Christianity shall not be cut off. “Therefore, because they shall remember thee in all generations, they shall praise thee for ever and ever.” Those that help to support the honour of Christ on earth shall in heaven see his glory, and share in it, and be for ever praising him. In the believing hope of our everlasting happiness in the other world let us always keep up the remembrance of Christ, as our only way thither, in our generation; and, in assurance of the perpetuating of the kingdom of the Redeemer in the world, let us transmit the remembrance of him to succeeding generations, that his name may endure for ever and be as the days of heaven.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 45:10

Hearken — The prophet having hitherto spoken to the bridegroom, now addresseth his speech to the bride. O daughter — He speaks like an elder person, and as her spiritual father and counsellor. Incline — He uses several words, signifying the same thing, to shew his vehement desire of her good. Forget — Comparatively.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 45:10

(i) Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house;

(i) Under the figure of Pharaoh's daughter, he shows that the Church must cast off all carnal affections to obey Christ only.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Song of Songs 2:10-13 My beloved spake, and said unto me, Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away. ... The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines [with] the tender grape give a [good] smell. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away.
Isaiah 55:1-3 Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. ... Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, [even] the sure mercies of David.
2 Corinthians 6:17-18 Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean [thing]; and I will receive you, ... And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.


Genesis 2:24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
Genesis 12:1 Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will shew thee:
Deuteronomy 21:13 And she shall put the raiment of her captivity from off her, and shall remain in thine house, and bewail her father and her mother a full month: and after that thou shalt go in unto her, and be her husband, and she shall be thy wife.
Deuteronomy 33:9 Who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not seen him; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew his own children: for they have observed thy word, and kept thy covenant.
Matthew 10:37 He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.
Matthew 19:29 And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life.
Luke 14:26 If any [man] come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple.
2 Corinthians 5:16 Wherefore henceforth know we no man after the flesh: yea, though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet now henceforth know we [him] no more.
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Gn 2:24; 12:1. Dt 21:13; 33:9. So 2:10. Is 55:1. Mt 10:37; 19:29. Lk 14:26. 2Co 5:16; 6:17; 7:1.

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