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Psalms 44:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[For the Chief Musician. [A Psalm] of the sons of Korah. Maschil.]] We have heard with our ears, O God, Our fathers have told us, What work thou didst in their days, In the days of old.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, Maschil.]] We have heard with our ears, O God, our fathers have told us, [what] work thou didst in their days, in the times of old.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[For the choir director. A Maskil of the sons of Korah.]] O God, we have heard with our ears, Our fathers have told us The work that You did in their days, In the days of old.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, Maschil.]] We have heard with our ears, O God, our fathers have told us, [what] work thou didst in their days, in the times of old.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[To the chief Musician. Of the sons of Korah. An instruction.]] O God, with our ears have we heard, our fathers have told us, the work thou wroughtest in their days, in the days of old:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[To the Chief Musician. For the Sons of Korah. An Instructive Psalm.]] O God! with our own ears, have we heard, Our fathers, have recounted to us,—The work thou didst work, In their day, In the days of aforetime:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To the Overseer.—By sons of Korah. An Instruction. O God, with our ears we have heard, Our fathers have recounted to us, The work Thou didst work in their days, In the days of old.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Unto the end, for the sons of Core, to give understanding. We have heard, O God, with our ears: our fathers have declared to us, The work thou hast wrought in their days, and in the days of old.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[To the chiefe Musician for the sonnes of Korah.]] Wee haue heard with our eares, O God, our fathers haue told vs, [what] worke thou didst in their dayes, in the times of old.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[For the end, a Psalm for instruction, for the sons of Korah{gr.Core}.]] O God, we have heard with our ears, our fathers have told us, the work which thou wroughtest in their days, in the days of old.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[To the chief Musician for the sons of Qorach, Maskil.]] We have heard with our ears, O Elohim, our fathers have told us, [what] work thou didst in their days, in the times of old.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[To the chief Musician 5329
{5329} Prime
נָצַח
natsach
{naw-tsakh'}
A primitive root; properly to glitter from afar, that is, to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from H5331), to be permanent.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
for the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Kra קֹרַח, 7141
{7141} Prime
קֹרַח
Qorach
{ko'-rakh}
From H7139; ice; Korach, the name of two Edomites and three Israelites.
Ma$cl מַשׂכִּיל.]] 4905
{4905} Prime
מַשְׂכִּיל
maskiyl
{mas-keel'}
From H7919; instructive, that is, a didactic poem.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
We have heard 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with our ears, 241
{0241} Prime
אֹזֶן
'ozen
{o'-zen}
From H0238; broadness, that is, (concretely) the ear (from its form in man).
O lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
our fathers 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
have told 5608
{5608} Prime
סָפַר
caphar
{saw-far'}
A primitive root; properly to score with a mark as a tally or record, that is, (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively to recount, that is, celebrate.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
us, [what] work 6467
{6467} Prime
פֹּעַל
po`al
{po'-al}
From H6466; an act or work (concretely).
thou didst 6466
{6466} Prime
פָּעַל
pa`al
{paw-al'}
A primitive root; to do or make (systematically and habitually), especially to practise.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in their days, 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
in the times 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of old. 6924
{6924} Prime
קֶדֶם
qedem
{keh'-dem}
From H6923; the front, of palce (absolutely the fore part, relatively the East) or time (antiquity); often used adverbially (before, anciently, eastward).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 44:1-3

_ _ Psalms 44:1-26. In a time of great national distress, probably in David’s reign, the Psalmist recounts God’s gracious dealings in former times, and the confidence they had learned to repose in Him. After a vivid picture of their calamities, he humbly expostulates against God’s apparent forgetfulness, reminding Him of their faithfulness and mourning their heavy sorrows.

_ _ This period is that of the settlement of Canaan (Joshua 24:12; Judges 6:3).

_ _ have told — or, “related” (compare Exodus 10:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 44:1-8

_ _ Some observe that most of the psalms that are entitled Maschilpsalms of instruction, are sorrowful psalms; for afflictions give instructions, and sorrow of spirit opens the ear to them. Blessed is the man whom thou chastenest and teachest.

_ _ In these verses the church, though now trampled upon, calls to remembrance the days of her triumph, of her triumph in God and over her enemies. This is very largely mentioned here, 1. As an aggravation of the present distress. The yoke of servitude cannot but lie very heavily on the necks of those that used to wear the crown of victory; and the tokens of God's displeasure must needs be most grievous to those that have been long accustomed to the tokens of his favour. 2. As an encouragement to hope that God would yet turn again their captivity and return in mercy to them; accordingly he mixes prayers and comfortable expectations with his record of former mercies. Observe,

_ _ I. Their commemoration of the great things God had formerly done for them.

_ _ 1. In general (Psalms 44:1): Our fathers have told us what work thou didst in their days. Observe, (1.) The many operations of providence are here spoken of as one work — “They have told us the work which thou didst;” for there is a wonderful harmony and uniformity in all that God does, and the many wheels make but one wheel (Ezekiel 10:13), many works make but one work. (2.) It is a debt which every age owes to posterity to keep an account of God's works of wonder, and to transmit the knowledge of them to the next generation. Those that went before us told us what God did in their days, we are bound to tell those that come after us what he has done in our days, and let them do the like justice to those that shall succeed them; thus shall one generation praise his works to another (Psalms 145:4), the fathers to the children shall make known his truth, Isaiah 38:19. (3.) We must not only make mention of the work God has done in our own days, but must also acquaint ourselves and our children with what he did in the times of old, long before our own days; and of this we have in the scripture a sure word of history, as sure as the word of prophecy. (4.) Children must diligently attend to what their parents tell them of the wonderful works of God, and keep it in remembrance, as that which will be of great use to them. (5.) Former experiences of God's power and goodness are strong supports to faith and powerful pleas in prayer under present calamities. See how Gideon insists upon it (Judges 6:13): Where are all his miracles which our fathers told us of?

_ _ 2. In particular, their fathers had told them,

_ _ (1.) How wonderfully God planted Israel in Canaan at first, Psalms 44:2, Psalms 44:3. He drove out the natives, to make room for Israel, afflicted them, and cast them out, gave them as dust to Israel's sword and as driven stubble to their bow. The many complete victories which Israel obtained over the Canaanites, under the command of Joshua, were not to be attributed to themselves, nor could they challenge the glory of them. [1.] They were not owing to their own merit, but to God's favour and free grace: It was through the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favour to them. Not for thy righteousness, or the uprightness of thy heart, doth God drive them out from before thee (Deuteronomy 9:5, Deuteronomy 9:6), but because God would perform the oath which he swore unto their fathers, Deuteronomy 7:8. The less praise this allows us the more comfort it administers to us, that we may see all our successes and enlargements coming to us from the favour of God and the light of his countenance. [2.] They were not owing to their own might, but to God's power engaged for them, without which all their own efforts and endeavours would have been fruitless. It was not by their own sword that they got the land in possession, though they had great numbers of mighty men; nor did their own arm save them from being driven back by the Canaanites and put to shame; but it was God's right hand and his arm. He fought for Israel, else they would have fought in vain; it was through him that they did valiantly and victoriously. It was God that planted Israel in that good land, as the careful husbandman plants a tree, from which he promises himself fruit. See Psalms 80:8. This is applicable to the planting of the Christian church in the world, by the preaching of the gospel. Paganism was wonderfully driven out, as the Canaanites, not all at once, but by little and little, not by any human policy or power (for God chose to do it by the weak and foolish things of the world), but by the wisdom and power of God — Christ by his Spirit went forth conquering and to conquer; and the remembrance of that is a great support and comfort to those that groan under the yoke of antichristian tyranny, for to the state of the church under the power of the New Testament Babylon, some think (and particularly the learned Amyraldus), the complaints in the latter part of this psalm may very fitly be accommodated. He that by his power and goodness planted a church for himself in the world will certainly support it by the same power and goodness; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

_ _ (2.) How frequently he had given them success against their enemies that attempted to disturb them in the possession of that good land (Psalms 44:7): Thou hast, many a time, saved us from our enemies, and hast put to flight, and so put to shame, those that hated us, witness the successes of the judges against the nations that oppressed Israel. Many a time have the persecutors of the Christian church, and those that hate it, been put to shame by the power of truth, Acts 6:10.

_ _ II. The good use they make of this record, and had formerly made of it, in consideration of the great things God had done for their fathers of old.

_ _ 1. They had taken God for their sovereign Lord, had sworn allegiance to him, and put themselves under his protection (Psalms 44:4): Thou art my King, O God! He speaks in the name of the church, as (Psalms 74:12), Thou art my King of old. God, as a king, has made laws for his church, provided for the peace and good order of it, judged for it, pleaded its cause, fought its battles, and protected it; it is his kingdom in the world, and ought to be subject to him, and to pay him tribute. Or the psalmist speaks for himself here: “Lord, Thou art my King; whither shall I go with my petitions, but to thee? The favour I ask is not for myself, but for thy church.” Note, It is every one's duty to improve his personal interest at the throne of grace for the public welfare and prosperity of the people of God; as Moses, “If I have found grace in thy sight, guide thy people,” Exodus 33:13.

_ _ 2. They had always applied to him by prayer for deliverance when at any time they were in distress: Command deliverances for Jacob. Observe, (1.) The enlargedness of their desire. They pray for deliverances, not one, but many, as many as they had need of, how many soever they were, a series of deliverances, a deliverance from every danger. (2.) The strength of their faith in the power of God. They do not say, Work deliverances, but Command them, which denotes his doing it easily and instantly — Speak and it is done (such was the faith of the centurion, Matthew 8:8, Speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed); it denotes also his doing it effectually: “Command it, as one having authority, whose command will be obeyed.” Where the word of a king is there is power, much more the word of the King of kings.

_ _ 3. They had trusted and triumphed in him. As they owned it was not their own sword and bow that had saved them (Psalms 44:3), so neither did they trust to their own sword or bow to save them for the future (Psalms 44:6): “I will not trust in my bow, nor in any of my military preparations, as if those would stand me in stead without God. No; through thee will we push down our enemies (Psalms 44:5); we will attempt it in thy strength, relying only upon that, and not upon the number or valour of our forces; and, having thee on our side, we will not doubt of success in the attempt. Through thy name (by virtue of thy wisdom directing us, thy power strengthening us and working for us, and thy promise securing success to us) we shall, we will, tread those under that rise up against us.

_ _ 4. They had made him their joy and praise (Psalms 44:8): “In God we have boasted; in him we do and will boast, every day, and all the day long.” When their enemies boasted of their strength and successes, as Sennacherib and Rabshakeh hectored Hezekiah, they owned they had nothing to boast of, in answer thereunto, but their relation to God and their interest in him; and, if he were for them, they could set all the world at defiance. Let him that glories glory in the Lord, and let that for ever exclude all other boasting. Let those that trust in God make their boast in him, for they know whom they have trusted; let them boast in him all the day long, for it is a subject that can never be exhausted. But let them withal praise his name for ever; if they have the comfort of his name, let them give unto him the glory due to it.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 44:1

"To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, Maschil." We have heard with our (a) ears, O God, our fathers have told us, [what] work thou didst in their days, in the times of old.

(a) This psalm seems to have been made by some excellent prophet for the use of the people when the Church was in extreme misery, either at their return from Babylon or under Antiochus or in similar afflictions.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
have heard:

Psalms 22:31 They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done [this].
Psalms 71:18 Now also when I am old and grayheaded, O God, forsake me not; until I have shewed thy strength unto [this] generation, [and] thy power to every one [that] is to come.
Psalms 78:3-6 Which we have heard and known, and our fathers have told us. ... That the generation to come might know [them, even] the children [which] should be born; [who] should arise and declare [them] to their children:
Psalms 105:1-2 O give thanks unto the LORD; call upon his name: make known his deeds among the people. ... Sing unto him, sing psalms unto him: talk ye of all his wondrous works.
Exodus 12:24-27 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever. ... That ye shall say, It [is] the sacrifice of the LORD'S passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped.
Exodus 13:14-15 And it shall be when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What [is] this? that thou shalt say unto him, By strength of hand the LORD brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage: ... And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem.
Isaiah 38:19 The living, the living, he shall praise thee, as I [do] this day: the father to the children shall make known thy truth.
Joel 1:3 Tell ye your children of it, and [let] your children [tell] their children, and their children another generation.

in the times:

Numbers 21:14-16 Wherefore it is said in the book of the wars of the LORD, What he did in the Red sea, and in the brooks of Arnon, ... And from thence [they went] to Beer: that [is] the well whereof the LORD spake unto Moses, Gather the people together, and I will give them water.
Numbers 21:27-30 Wherefore they that speak in proverbs say, Come into Heshbon, let the city of Sihon be built and prepared: ... We have shot at them; Heshbon is perished even unto Dibon, and we have laid them waste even unto Nophah, which [reacheth] unto Medeba.
Job 8:8-9 For enquire, I pray thee, of the former age, and prepare thyself to the search of their fathers: ... (For we [are but of] yesterday, and know nothing, because our days upon earth [are] a shadow:)
Job 15:17-19 I will shew thee, hear me; and that [which] I have seen I will declare; ... Unto whom alone the earth was given, and no stranger passed among them.
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Ex 12:24; 13:14. Nu 21:14, 27. Jb 8:8; 15:17. Ps 22:31; 71:18; 78:3; 105:1. Is 38:19. Jol 1:3.

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