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Psalms 42:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterfalls: All thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Deep calls to deep at the sound of Your waterfalls; All Your breakers and Your waves have rolled over me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Deep calleth to deep at the noise of thy water-spouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy cataracts; all thy breakers and thy billows are gone over me.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Roaring deep unto roaring deep, is calling, at the voice of thy cataracts, All thy breakers and thy rolling waves, over me, have passed.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Deep unto deep is calling At the noise of Thy water-spouts, All Thy breakers and Thy billows passed over me.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Deep calleth on deep, at the noise of thy flood-gates. All thy heights and thy billows have passed over me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Deepe calleth vnto deepe at the noyse of thy water-spouts: all thy waues, and thy billowes are gone ouer me.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Deep calls to deep at the voice of thy cataracts: all thy billows and thy waves have gone over me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Deep 8415
{8415} Prime
תְּהוֹם
t@howm
{teh-home'}
(Usually feminine) from H1949; an abyss (as a surging mass of water), especially the deep (the main sea or the subterranean water supply).
calleth 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
deep 8415
{8415} Prime
תְּהוֹם
t@howm
{teh-home'}
(Usually feminine) from H1949; an abyss (as a surging mass of water), especially the deep (the main sea or the subterranean water supply).
at the noise 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
of thy waterspouts: 6794
{6794} Prime
צִנּוֹר
tsinnuwr
{tsin-noor'}
From an unused root perhaps meaning to be hollow; a culvert.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
thy waves 4867
{4867} Prime
מִשְׁבָּר
mishbar
{mish-bawr'}
From H7665; a breaker (of the sea).
and thy billows 1530
{1530} Prime
גַּל
gal
{gal}
From H1556; something rolled, that is, a heap of stone or dung (plural ruins); by analogy a spring of water (plural waves).
are gone 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
over x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 42:7

_ _ The roar of successive billows, responding to that of floods of rain, represented the heavy waves of sorrow which overwhelmed him.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 42:6-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 42:7

Deep — One affliction comes immediately after another, as if it were called for by the former. A metaphor taken from violent and successive showers of rain; which frequently come down from heaven, as it were at the noise, or call of God's water spouts.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 42:7

(g) Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.

(g) Afflictions came so thick upon me that I felt overwhelmed: by which he shows there is no end to our misery till God is pacified and sends help.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Deep calleth:

Job 1:14-19 And there came a messenger unto Job, and said, The oxen were plowing, and the asses feeding beside them: ... And, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young men, and they are dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.
Job 10:17 Thou renewest thy witnesses against me, and increasest thine indignation upon me; changes and war [are] against me.
Jeremiah 4:20 Destruction upon destruction is cried; for the whole land is spoiled: suddenly are my tents spoiled, [and] my curtains in a moment.
Ezekiel 7:26 Mischief shall come upon mischief, and rumour shall be upon rumour; then shall they seek a vision of the prophet; but the law shall perish from the priest, and counsel from the ancients.

waterspouts:
A water-spout is a large tube formed of clouds by means of the electric fluid, the base being uppermost, and the point let down perpendicularly form the clouds. It has a particular kind of circular motion at the point; and, being hollow within, attracts vast quantities of water, which it frequently pours down in torrents upon the earth. These spouts are frequent on the coast of Syria; and no doubt the Psalmist had often seen them, and the ravages which they made.

all thy:

Psalms 69:14-15 Deliver me out of the mire, and let me not sink: let me be delivered from them that hate me, and out of the deep waters. ... Let not the waterflood overflow me, neither let the deep swallow me up, and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me.
Psalms 88:7 Thy wrath lieth hard upon me, and thou hast afflicted [me] with all thy waves. Selah.
Psalms 88:15-17 I [am] afflicted and ready to die from [my] youth up: [while] I suffer thy terrors I am distracted. ... They came round about me daily like water; they compassed me about together.
Lamentations 3:53-55 They have cut off my life in the dungeon, and cast a stone upon me. ... I called upon thy name, O LORD, out of the low dungeon.
Jonah 2:3 For thou hadst cast me into the deep, in the midst of the seas; and the floods compassed me about: all thy billows and thy waves passed over me.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 1:14; 10:17. Ps 69:14; 88:7, 15. Jr 4:20. Lm 3:53. Ezk 7:26. Jna 2:3.

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