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Psalms 41:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, Who did eat of my bread, Hath lifted up his heel against me.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up [his] heel against me.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Even my close friend in whom I trusted, Who ate my bread, Has lifted up his heel against me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Yes, my own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, who ate of my bread, hath lifted up [his] heel against me.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I confided, who did eat of my bread, hath lifted up [his] heel against me.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Even the man whom I used to salute, in whom I put confidence, who used to eat my bread,—hath magnified his heel against me!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Even mine ally, in whom I trusted, One eating my bread, made great the heel against me,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For even the man of my peace, in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, hath greatly supplanted me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yea mine owne familiar friend in whom I trusted, [which] did eate of my bread, hath lift vp his heele against me.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For even the man of my peace, in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, lifted up [his] heel against me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up [his] heel against me.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yea, x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
mine own familiar y7965
[7965] Standard
שָׁלוֹם
shalowm
{shaw-lome'}
From H7999; safe, that is, (figuratively) well, happy, friendly; also (abstractly) welfare, that is, health, prosperity, peace.
friend, 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
x7965
(7965) Complement
שָׁלוֹם
shalowm
{shaw-lome'}
From H7999; safe, that is, (figuratively) well, happy, friendly; also (abstractly) welfare, that is, health, prosperity, peace.
in whom x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
I trusted, 982
{0982} Prime
בָּטַח
batach
{baw-takh'}
A primitive root; properly to hie for refuge (but not so precipitately as H2620); figuratively to trust, be confident or sure.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
which did eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of my bread, 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
hath lifted up 1431
{1431} Prime
גָּדַל
gadal
{gaw-dal'}
A primitive root; properly to twist (compare H1434), that is, to be (causatively make) large (in various senses, as in body, mind, estate or honor, also in pride).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
[his] heel 6119
{6119} Prime
עָקֵב
`aqeb
{aw-kabe'}
From H6117; a heel (as protuberant); hence a track; figuratively the rear (of an army). (lier in wait is by mistake for H6120.).
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 41:9

_ _ mine ... friend — literally, “the man of my peace.”

_ _ eat ... bread — who depended on me or was well treated by me.

_ _ hath lifted up heel — in scornful violence. As David and his fortunes typified Christ and His (compare Introduction), so these words expressed the treatment he received, and also that of his Son and Lord; hence, though not distinctly prophetical, our Savior (John 13:18) applies them to Judas, “that the Scripture may be fulfilled.” This last phrase has a wide use in the New Testament, and is not restricted to denote special prophecies.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 41:5-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 41:9

Yea — These words were literally fulfilled in David, and yet the Holy Ghost looked farther in them, even to Christ and Judas, in whom they received a fuller accomplishment. Lift up — A phrase implying injury, joined with insolency and contempt; taken from an unruly horse, which kicks at him that owns and feeds him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 41:9

Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, (g) hath lifted up [his] heel against me.

(g) As David felt this falsehood, and as it was chiefly accomplished in Christ, (John 13:18) so shall his members continually prove the same.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Yea:

Psalms 55:12-14 For [it was] not an enemy [that] reproached me; then I could have borne [it]: neither [was it] he that hated me [that] did magnify [himself] against me; then I would have hid myself from him: ... We took sweet counsel together, [and] walked unto the house of God in company.
Psalms 55:20-22 He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant. ... Cast thy burden upon the LORD, and he shall sustain thee: he shall never suffer the righteous to be moved.
2 Samuel 15:12 And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, [even] from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.
Job 19:19 All my inward friends abhorred me: and they whom I loved are turned against me.
Jeremiah 20:10 For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, [say they], and we will report it. All my familiars watched for my halting, [saying], Peradventure he will be enticed, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him.

mine own familiar friend:
Heb. the man of my peace

which:

Deuteronomy 32:15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered [with fatness]; then he forsook God [which] made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
Obadiah 1:7 All the men of thy confederacy have brought thee [even] to the border: the men that were at peace with thee have deceived thee, [and] prevailed against thee; [they that eat] thy bread have laid a wound under thee: [there is] none understanding in him.
John 13:18 I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me.
John 13:26-27 Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped [it]. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave [it] to Judas Iscariot, [the son] of Simon. ... And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.

lifted up:
Heb. magnified
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:15. 2S 15:12. Jb 19:19. Ps 55:12, 20. Jr 20:10. Ob 1:7. Jn 13:18, 26.

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