Psalms 41:1 [study!]
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) 
[[For the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.]] Blessed is he that considereth the poor: Jehovah will deliver him in the day of evil.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
[[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Blessed [is] he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
[[For the choir director. A Psalm of David.]] How blessed is he who considers the helpless; The LORD will deliver him in a day of trouble.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
[[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Blessed [is] he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in the time of trouble.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
[[To the chief Musician. A Psalm of David.]] Blessed is he that understandeth the poor: Jehovah will deliver him in the day of evil.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
[[To the Chief Musician. A Melody of David.]] How happy is he that is attentive to the poor, In the day of calamity, will Yahweh deliver him:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
To the Overseer.A Psalm of David. O the happiness of him Who is acting wisely unto the poor, In a day of evil doth Jehovah deliver him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
Unto the end, a psalm for David himself. Blessed is he that understandeth concerning the needy and the poor: the Lord will deliver him in the evil day.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) 
[[To the chiefe Musician. A Psalme of Dauid.]] Blessed [is] he that considereth the poore; the LORD will deliuer him in time of trouble.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
[[For the end, a Psalm of David.]] Blessed [is the man] who thinks, on the poor and needy: the Lord shall deliver him in an evil day.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008)  
[[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of Dawid.]] Blessed [is] he that considereth the poor: Yahweh will deliver him in time of trouble.
[[To the chief Musician,
A primitive root; properly to glitter
from afar, that is, to be eminent
(as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from H5331
), to be permanent
Stem - Piel (See H8840
Mood - Participle (See H8813
Count - 685
; properly instrumental music
; by implication a poem
set to notes.
From the same as H1730
, the youngest son of Jesse.
; only in masculine plural construction as interjection, how happy!
] he that considereth
A primitive root; to be
and hence intelligent
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818
Mood - Participle (See H8813
Count - 857
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards
, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near
; often in general, to
; properly dangling
, that is, (by implication) weak
; (the) self Existent
or eternal; Jehovah
, Jewish national name of God.
A primitive root; properly to be smooth
, that is, (by implication) to escape
(as if by slipperiness
); causatively to release
; specifically to bring forth
Stem - Piel (See H8840
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811
Count - 2447
him in time
From an unused root meaning to be hot
; a day
(as the warm
hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
or (as noun) evil
(naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
_ _ Psalms 41:1-13. The Psalmist celebrates the blessedness of those who compassionate the poor, conduct strongly contrasted with the spite of his enemies and neglect of his friends in his calamity. He prays for God’s mercy in view of his ill desert, and, in confidence of relief, and that God will vindicate his cause, he closes with a doxology.
_ _ God rewards kindness to the poor (Proverbs 19:17). From Psalms 41:2, Psalms 41:11 it may be inferred that the Psalmist describes his own conduct.
_ _ poor in person, position, and possessions.
_ _ In these verses we have,
_ _ I. God's promises of succour and comfort to those that consider the poor; and,
_ _ 1. We may suppose that David makes mention of these with application either, (1.) To his friends, who were kind to him, and very considerate of his case, now that he was in affliction: Blessed is he that considers poor David. Here and there he met with one that sympathized with him, and was concerned for him, and kept up his good opinion of him and respect for him, notwithstanding his afflictions, while his enemies were so insolent and abusive to him; on these he pronounced this blessing, not doubting but that God would recompense to them all the kindness they had done him, particularly when they also came to be in affliction. The provocations which his enemies gave him did but endear his friends so much the more to him. Or, (2.) To himself. He had the testimony of his conscience for him that he had considered the poor, that when he was in honour and power at court he had taken cognizance of the wants and miseries of the poor and had provided for their relief, and therefore was sure God would, according to his promise, strengthen and comfort him in his sickness.
_ _ 2. We must regard them more generally with application to ourselves. Here is a comment upon that promise, Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy. Observe, (1.) What the mercy is which is required of us. It is to consider the poor or afflicted, whether in mind, body, or estate. These we are to consider with prudence and tenderness; we must take notice of their affliction and enquire into their state, must sympathize with them and judge charitably concerning them. We must wisely consider the poor; that is, we must ourselves be instructed by the poverty and affliction of others; it must be Maschil to us, that is the word here used. (2.) What the mercy is that is promised to us if we thus show mercy. He that considers the poor (if he cannot relieve them, yet he considers them, and has a compassionate concern for them, and in relieving them acts considerately and with discretion) shall be considered by his God: he shall not only be recompensed in the resurrection of the just, but he shall be blessed upon the earth This branch of godliness, as much as any, has the promise of the life that now is and is usually recompensed with temporal blessings. Liberality to the poor is the surest and safest way of thriving; such as practise it may be sure of seasonable and effectual relief from God, [1.] In all troubles: He will deliver them in the day of evil, so that when the times are at the worst it shall go well with them, and they shall not fall into the calamities in which others are involved; if any be hidden in the day of the Lord's anger, they shall. Those who thus distinguish themselves from those that have hard hearts God will distinguish from those that have hard usage. Are they in danger? he will preserve and keep them alive; and those who have a thousand times forfeited their lives, as the best have, must acknowledge it as a great favour if they have their lives given them for a prey. He does not say, “They shall be preferred,” but, “They shall be preserved and kept alive, when the arrows of death fly thickly round about them.” Do their enemies threaten them? God will not deliver them into the will of their enemies; and the most potent enemy we have can have no power against us but what is given him from above. The good-will of a God that loves us is sufficient to secure us from the ill-will of all that hate us, men and devils; and that good-will we may promise ourselves an interest in if we have considered the poor and helped to relieve and rescue them. [2.] Particularly in sickness (Psalms 41:3): The Lord will strengthen him, both in body and mind, upon the bed of languishing, on which he had long lain sick, and he will make all his bed a very condescending expression, alluding to the care of those that nurse and tend sick people, especially of mothers for their children when they are sick, which is to make their beds easy for them; and that bed must needs be well made which God himself has the making of. He will make all his bed from head to foot, so that no part shall be uneasy; he will turn his bed (so the word is), to shake it up and make it very easy; or he will turn it into a bed of health. Note, God has promised his people that he will strengthen them, and make them easy, under their bodily pains and sicknesses. He has not promised that they shall never be sick, nor that they shall not lie long languishing, nor that their sickness shall not be unto death; but he has promised to enable them to bear their affliction with patience, and cheerfully to wait the issue. The soul shall by his grace be made to dwell at ease when the body lies in pain.
_ _ II. David's prayer, directed and encouraged by these promises (Psalms 41:4): I said, Heal my soul. It is good for us to keep some account of our prayers, that we may not unsay, in our practices, any thing that we said in our prayers. Here is, 1. His humble petition: Lord be merciful to me. He appeals to mercy, as one that knew he could not stand the test of strict justice. The best saints, even those that have been merciful to the poor, have not made God their debtor, but must throw themselves on his mercy. When we are under the rod we must thus recommend ourselves to the tender mercy of our God: Lord, heal my soul. Sin is the sickness of the soul; pardoning mercy heals it; renewing grace heals it; and this spiritual healing we should be more earnest for than for bodily health. 2. His penitent confession: “I have sinned against thee, and therefore my soul needs healing. I am a sinner, a miserable sinner; therefore, God be merciful to me,” Luke 18:13. It does not appear that this has reference to any particular gross act of sin, but, in general, to his many sins of infirmity, which his sickness set in order before him, and the dread of the consequences of which made him pray, Heal my soul.
"To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David." Blessed [is] he that (a) considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.
(a) Not condemning him as accused whom God visits, knowing that there are various reasons why God lays his hand on us, yea and afterwards he restores us.
(Title), This Psalm is supposed to have been written on the same occasion as the three former; and to relate to David's affliction, and the evil treatment he received from his enemies during its continuance.
Psalms 112:9 He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.
Deuteronomy 15:7-11 If there be among you a poor man of one of thy brethren within any of thy gates in thy land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brother: ... For the poor shall never cease out of the land: therefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy, in thy land.
Job 29:12-16 Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and [him that had] none to help him. ... I [was] a father to the poor: and the cause [which] I knew not I searched out.
Job 31:16-20 If I have withheld the poor from [their] desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail; ... If his loins have not blessed me, and [if] he were [not] warmed with the fleece of my sheep;
Proverbs 14:21 He that despiseth his neighbour sinneth: but he that hath mercy on the poor, happy [is] he.
Proverbs 19:17 He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he pay him again.
Ecclesiastes 11:1-2 Cast thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt find it after many days. ... Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth.
Isaiah 58:7-11 [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh? ... And the LORD shall guide thee continually, and satisfy thy soul in drought, and make fat thy bones: and thou shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters fail not.
Mark 14:7 For ye have the poor with you always, and whensoever ye will ye may do them good: but me ye have not always.
Luke 14:13-14 But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind: ... And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.
2 Corinthians 9:8-14 And God [is] able to make all grace abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all [things], may abound to every good work: ... And by their prayer for you, which long after you for the exceeding grace of God in you.
Galatians 2:10 Only [they would] that we should remember the poor; the same which I also was forward to do.
- the poor:
- or, the weak, or sick,
Matthew 25:34-39 Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: ... Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee?
Acts 20:35 I have shewed you all things, how that so labouring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive.
1 Thessalonians 5:14 Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all [men].
Psalms 34:19 Many [are] the afflictions of the righteous: but the LORD delivereth him out of them all.
Psalms 37:26 [He is] ever merciful, and lendeth; and his seed [is] blessed.
Psalms 37:39-40 But the salvation of the righteous [is] of the LORD: [he is] their strength in the time of trouble. ... And the LORD shall help them, and deliver them: he shall deliver them from the wicked, and save them, because they trust in him.
Hebrews 6:10 For God [is] not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed toward his name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do minister.
James 2:13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.
- time of trouble:
- Heb. the day of evil,
Psalms 37:19 They shall not be ashamed in the evil time: and in the days of famine they shall be satisfied.
Proverbs 16:14 The wrath of a king [is as] messengers of death: but a wise man will pacify it.
Ecclesiastes 12:1 Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in them;
Revelation 3:10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.
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