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Psalms 40:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Blessed is the man that maketh Jehovah his trust, And respecteth not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Blessed [is] that man that maketh the LORD his trust, and respecteth not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— How blessed is the man who has made the LORD his trust, And has not turned to the proud, nor to those who lapse into falsehood.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Blessed [is] that man that maketh the LORD his trust, and respecteth not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Blessed is the man that hath made Jehovah his confidence, and turneth not to the proud, and to such as turn aside to lies.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— How happy the man, Who hath made Yahweh his confidence, who hath not turned unto the haughty, nor gone aside unto falsehood.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— O the happiness of the man Who hath made Jehovah his trust, And hath not turned unto the proud, And those turning aside to lies.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Blessed is the man whose trust is in the name of the Lord; and who hath not had regard to vanities, and lying follies.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Blessed [is] that man that maketh the LORD his truste: and respecteth not the proud, nor such as turne aside to lies.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Blessed [is] the man whose hope is in the name of the Lord, and [who] has not regarded vanities and false frenzies.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Blessed [is] that man that maketh Yahweh his trust, and respecteth not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Blessed 835
{0835} Prime
From H0833; happiness; only in masculine plural construction as interjection, how happy!.
[is] that man 1397
{1397} Prime
From H1396; properly a valiant man or warrior; generally a person simply.
that x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
maketh 7760
{7760} Prime
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
his trust, 4009
{4009} Prime
From H0982; properly a refuge, that is, (objectively) security, or (subjectively) assurance.
and respecteth 6437
{6437} Prime
A primitive root; to turn; by implication to face, that is, appear, look, etc.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
not x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
the proud, 7295
{7295} Prime
From H7292; insolent.
nor such as turn aside 7750
{7750} Prime
A primitive root; to detrude, that is, (intransitively and figuratively) become derelict (wrongly practise; namely, idolatry).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to lies. 3577
{3577} Prime
From H3576; falsehood; literally (untruth) or figuratively (idol).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 40:4

_ _ Blessed — (Psalms 1:1; Psalms 2:12).

_ _ respecteth — literally, “turns towards,” as an object of confidence.

_ _ turn aside — from true God and His law to falsehood in worship and conduct.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 40:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 40:4

The proud — Or, the mighty, the great and proud potentates of the world, to whom most men are apt to look and trust. Turn — From God, in whom alone they ought to trust. To lies — To lying vanities, such as worldly power and wisdom, and riches, and all other earthly things, or persons, in which men are prone to trust: which are called lies, because they promise more than they perform.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 40:4

Blessed [is] that man that maketh the LORD his trust, and respecteth (d) not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies.

(d) To follow their example, which he must do who trusts not only in the Lord.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish [from] the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed [are] all they that put their trust in him.
Psalms 34:8 O taste and see that the LORD [is] good: blessed [is] the man [that] trusteth in him.
Psalms 84:11-12 For the LORD God [is] a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good [thing] will he withhold from them that walk uprightly. ... O LORD of hosts, blessed [is] the man that trusteth in thee.
Psalms 118:8-9 [It is] better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in man. ... [It is] better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in princes.
Jeremiah 17:7-8 Blessed [is] the man that trusteth in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is. ... For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and [that] spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit.
Romans 15:12-13 And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust. ... Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.


Psalms 15:4 In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD. [He that] sweareth to [his own] hurt, and changeth not.
Psalms 101:3-7 I will set no wicked thing before mine eyes: I hate the work of them that turn aside; [it] shall not cleave to me. ... He that worketh deceit shall not dwell within my house: he that telleth lies shall not tarry in my sight.
Psalms 119:21 Thou hast rebuked the proud [that are] cursed, which do err from thy commandments.

as turn:

Psalms 125:5 As for such as turn aside unto their crooked ways, the LORD shall lead them forth with the workers of iniquity: [but] peace [shall be] upon Israel.
Isaiah 44:18-20 They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; [and] their hearts, that they cannot understand. ... He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?
Jeremiah 10:14-15 Every man is brutish in [his] knowledge: every founder is confounded by the graven image: for his molten image [is] falsehood, and [there is] no breath in them. ... They [are] vanity, [and] the work of errors: in the time of their visitation they shall perish.
Jonah 2:8 They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy.
2 Thessalonians 2:9-11 [Even him], whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, ... And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 2:12; 15:4; 34:8; 84:11; 101:3; 118:8; 119:21; 125:5. Is 44:18. Jr 10:14; 17:7. Jna 2:8. Ro 15:12. 2Th 2:9.

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