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Psalms 39:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Surely every man walketh in a vain show; Surely they are disquieted in vain: He heapeth up [riches], and knoweth not who shall gather them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up [riches], and knoweth not who shall gather them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Surely every man walks about as a phantom; Surely they make an uproar for nothing; He amasses [riches] and does not know who will gather them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Surely every man walketh in a vain show: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up [riches], and knoweth not who shall gather them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Verily, man walketh in a vain show; verily they are disquieted in vain; he heapeth up [riches], and knoweth not who shall gather them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Surely as a shadow, doth every man wander, Surely in vain, do they bustle about, he heapeth things up, and knoweth not who shall gather them in.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Only, in an image doth each walk habitually, Only, [in] vain, they are disquieted, He heapeth up and knoweth not who gathereth them.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Surely man passeth as an image: yea, and he is disquieted in vain. He storeth up: and he knoweth not for whom he shall gather these things.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Surely euery man walketh in a vaine shew: surely they are disquieted in vaine: he heapeth vp [riches], and knoweth not who shall gather them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Surely man walks in a shadow; nay, he is disquieted in vain: he lays up treasures, and knows not for whom he shall gather them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up [riches], and knoweth not who shall gather them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Surely x389
(0389) Complement
אַךְ
'ak
{ak}
Akin to H0403; a particle of affirmation, surely; hence (by limitation) only.
every man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
walketh 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
in a vain shew: 6754
{6754} Prime
צֶלֶם
tselem
{tseh'-lem}
From an unused root meaning to shade; a phantom, that is, (figuratively) illusion, resemblance; hence a representative figure, especially an idol.
surely x389
(0389) Complement
אַךְ
'ak
{ak}
Akin to H0403; a particle of affirmation, surely; hence (by limitation) only.
they are disquieted 1993
{1993} Prime
הָמָה
hamah
{haw-maw'}
A primitive root (compare H1949); to make a loud sound (like English 'hum'); by implication to be in great commotion or tumult, to rage, war, moan, clamor.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in vain: 1892
{1892} Prime
הֶבֶל
hebel
{heh'-bel}
From H1891; emptiness or vanity; figuratively something transitory and unsatisfactory; often used as an adverb.
he heapeth up 6651
{6651} Prime
צָבַר
tsabar
{tsaw-bar'}
A primitive root; to aggregate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[riches], and knoweth 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
who x4310
(4310) Complement
מִי
miy
{me}
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
shall gather 622
{0622} Prime
אסף
'acaph
{aw-saf'}
A primitive root; to gather for any purpose; hence to receive, take away, that is, remove (destroy, leave behind, put up, restore, etc.).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 39:4-7.


Psalms 39:5-6

_ _ His prayer is answered in his obtaining an impressive view of the vanity of the life of all men, and their transient state. Their pomp is a mere image, and their wealth is gathered they know not for whom.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 39:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 39:6

Vain shew — Heb. in a shadow or image; in an imaginary rather than a real life: in the pursuit of vain imaginations, in which there is nothing solid or satisfactory: man in and his life, and all his happiness in this world, are rather appearances and dreams, than truths and realities. Disquieted — Heb. They make a noise, bustling, or tumult, with unwearied industry seeking for riches, and troubling and vexing both themselves and others in the pursuit of them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a vain show:
Heb. an image, There is but the semblance of being. He appeareth for a little, and then vanisheth.
1 Corinthians 7:31 And they that use this world, as not abusing [it]: for the fashion of this world passeth away.
James 4:14 Whereas ye know not what [shall be] on the morrow. For what [is] your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away.

surely:

Ecclesiastes 1:14 I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all [is] vanity and vexation of spirit.
Ecclesiastes 2:17-18 Therefore I hated life; because the work that is wrought under the sun [is] grievous unto me: for all [is] vanity and vexation of spirit. ... Yea, I hated all my labour which I had taken under the sun: because I should leave it unto the man that shall be after me.
Ecclesiastes 2:20-21 Therefore I went about to cause my heart to despair of all the labour which I took under the sun. ... For there is a man whose labour [is] in wisdom, and in knowledge, and in equity; yet to a man that hath not laboured therein shall he leave it [for] his portion. This also [is] vanity and a great evil.
Ecclesiastes 4:7-8 Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun. ... There is one [alone], and [there is] not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother: yet [is there] no end of all his labour; neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither [saith he], For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good? This [is] also vanity, yea, it [is] a sore travail.
Ecclesiastes 6:11-12 Seeing there be many things that increase vanity, what [is] man the better? ... For who knoweth what [is] good for man in [this] life, all the days of his vain life which he spendeth as a shadow? for who can tell a man what shall be after him under the sun?
Ecclesiastes 12:8 Vanity of vanities, saith the preacher; all [is] vanity.
Ecclesiastes 12:13 Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this [is] the whole [duty] of man.
Isaiah 55:2 Wherefore do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? and your labour for [that which] satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.
Luke 10:40-42 But Martha was cumbered about much serving, and came to him, and said, Lord, dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? bid her therefore that she help me. ... But one thing is needful: and Mary hath chosen that good part, which shall not be taken away from her.
Luke 12:20-21 But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided? ... So [is] he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.
Luke 12:29 And seek not ye what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither be ye of doubtful mind.
1 Peter 5:7 Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you.

he heapeth:

Psalms 49:10-11 For he seeth [that] wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others. ... Their inward thought [is, that] their houses [shall continue] for ever, [and] their dwelling places to all generations; they call [their] lands after their own names.
Job 27:16-17 Though he heap up silver as the dust, and prepare raiment as the clay; ... He may prepare [it], but the just shall put [it] on, and the innocent shall divide the silver.
Proverbs 13:22 A good [man] leaveth an inheritance to his children's children: and the wealth of the sinner [is] laid up for the just.
Proverbs 23:5 Wilt thou set thine eyes upon that which is not? for [riches] certainly make themselves wings; they fly away as an eagle toward heaven.
Proverbs 27:24 For riches [are] not for ever: and doth the crown [endure] to every generation?
Ecclesiastes 2:8 I gathered me also silver and gold, and the peculiar treasure of kings and of the provinces: I gat me men singers and women singers, and the delights of the sons of men, [as] musical instruments, and that of all sorts.
Ecclesiastes 2:18-21 Yea, I hated all my labour which I had taken under the sun: because I should leave it unto the man that shall be after me. ... For there is a man whose labour [is] in wisdom, and in knowledge, and in equity; yet to a man that hath not laboured therein shall he leave it [for] his portion. This also [is] vanity and a great evil.
Ecclesiastes 2:26 For [God] giveth to a man that [is] good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he giveth travail, to gather and to heap up, that he may give to [him that is] good before God. This also [is] vanity and vexation of spirit.
Ecclesiastes 5:14 But those riches perish by evil travail: and he begetteth a son, and [there is] nothing in his hand.
Luke 12:20-21 But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided? ... So [is] he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.
James 5:3 Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treasure together for the last days.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 27:16. Ps 49:10. Pv 13:22; 23:5; 27:24. Ec 1:14; 2:8, 17, 18, 20, 26; 4:7; 5:14; 6:11; 12:8, 13. Is 55:2. Lk 10:40; 12:20, 29. 1Co 7:31. Jm 4:14; 5:3. 1P 5:7.

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