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Psalms 38:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But mine enemies are lively, [and] are strong; And they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But mine enemies [are] lively, [and] they are strong: and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But my enemies are vigorous [and] strong, And many are those who hate me wrongfully.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But my enemies [are] lively, [and] they are strong: and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But mine enemies are lively, they are strong; and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, my foes, are alive—have become strong,—and multiplied are they who hate me for false cause:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And mine enemies [are] lively, They have been strong, and those hating me without cause, Have been multiplied.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But my enemies live, and are stronger than I: and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But mine enemies [are] liuely, [and] they are strong: and they that hate mee wrongfully, are multiplied.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But mine enemies live, and are mightier than I: and they that hate me unjustly are multiplied.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But mine enemies [are] lively, [and] they are strong: and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But mine enemies 341
{0341} Prime
אֹיֵב
'oyeb
{o-yabe'}
Active participle of H0340; hating; an adversary.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[are] lively, 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
[and] they are strong: 6105
{6105} Prime
עָצַם
`atsam
{aw-tsam'}
A primitive root; to bind fast, that is, close (the eyes); intransitively to be (causatively make) powerful or numerous; denominatively (from H6106) to craunch the bones.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and they that hate 8130
{8130} Prime
שָׂנֵא
sane'
{saw-nay'}
A primitive root; to hate (personally).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
me wrongfully 8267
{8267} Prime
שֶׁקֶר
sheqer
{sheh'-ker}
From H8266; an untruth; by implication a sham (often adverbially).
are multiplied. 7231
{7231} Prime
רָבַב
rabab
{raw-bab'}
A primitive root; properly to cast together (compare H7241), that is, increase, especially in number; also (as denominative from H7233) to multiply by the myriad.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 38:19-20

_ _ Still, while humbled before God, he is the victim of deadly enemies, full of malice and treachery.

_ _ enemies are lively — literally, “of life,” who would take my life, that is, deadly.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 38:12-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 38:19

Strong — Are thriving and flourishing.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 38:19

But mine (n) enemies [are] lively, [and] they are strong: and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.

(n) In my greatest misery they most rejoice.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
But:

Psalms 3:1 [[A Psalm of David, when he fled from Absalom his son.]] LORD, how are they increased that trouble me! many [are] they that rise up against me.
Psalms 25:19 Consider mine enemies; for they are many; and they hate me with cruel hatred.
Psalms 56:1-2 [[To the chief Musician upon Jonathelemrechokim, Michtam of David, when the Philistines took him in Gath.]] Be merciful unto me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresseth me. ... Mine enemies would daily swallow [me] up: for [they be] many that fight against me, O thou most High.
Psalms 59:1-3 [[To the chief Musician, Altaschith, Michtam of David; when Saul sent, and they watched the house to kill him.]] Deliver me from mine enemies, O my God: defend me from them that rise up against me. ... For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not [for] my transgression, nor [for] my sin, O LORD.

are lively:
etc. Heb. being living are strong, Instead of chaymin, "lively" Bp. Lowth would read chinmon, "without cause" - "but mine enemies without cause have strengthened themselves." As this emendation renders this member of the sentence parallel to the other, it is by no means improbable. See note on
Psalms 35:19 Let not them that are mine enemies wrongfully rejoice over me: [neither] let them wink with the eye that hate me without a cause.
Psalms 79:5 How long, LORD? wilt thou be angry for ever? shall thy jealousy burn like fire?
.

they that:

Psalms 35:19 Let not them that are mine enemies wrongfully rejoice over me: [neither] let them wink with the eye that hate me without a cause.
Psalms 69:4 They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head: they that would destroy me, [being] mine enemies wrongfully, are mighty: then I restored [that] which I took not away.
Matthew 10:22 And ye shall be hated of all [men] for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved.
John 15:18-25 If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before [it hated] you. ... But [this cometh to pass], that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.
Acts 4:25-28 Who by the mouth of thy servant David hast said, Why did the heathen rage, and the people imagine vain things? ... For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 3:1; 25:19; 35:19; 56:1; 59:1; 69:4; 79:5. Mt 10:22. Jn 15:18. Ac 4:25.

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