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Psalms 36:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He deviseth iniquity upon his bed; He setteth himself in a way that is not good; He abhorreth not evil.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He deviseth mischief upon his bed; he setteth himself in a way [that is] not good; he abhorreth not evil.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He plans wickedness upon his bed; He sets himself on a path that is not good; He does not despise evil.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He deviseth mischief upon his bed; he setteth himself in a way [that is] not good; he abhorreth not evil.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He deviseth wickedness up on his bed; he setteth himself in a way that is not good: he abhorreth not evil.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Iniquity, deviseth he upon his bed,—he taketh his stand in a way, not good, Wrong, doth he not abhor!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Iniquity he deviseth on his bed, He stationeth himself on a way not good, Evil he doth not refuse.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He hath devised iniquity on his bed, he hath set himself on every way that is not good: but evil he hath not hated.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hee deuiseth mischiefe vpon his bed, he setteth himselfe in a way [that is] not good; he abhorreth not euill.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He devises iniquity on his bed; he gives himself to every evil way; and does not abhor evil.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He deviseth mischief upon his bed; he setteth himself in a way [that is] not good; he abhorreth not evil.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He deviseth 2803
{2803} Prime
חָשַׁב
chashab
{khaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to plait or interpenetrate, that is, (literally) to weave or (generally) to fabricate; figuratively to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
mischief 205
{0205} Prime
אָוֶן
'aven
{aw-ven'}
From an unused root perhaps meaning properly to pant (hence to exert oneself, usually in vain; to come to naught); strictly nothingness; also trouble, vanity, wickedness; specifically an idol.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
his bed; 4904
{4904} Prime
מִשְׁכָּב
mishkab
{mish-kawb'}
From H7901; a bed (figuratively a bier); abstractly sleep; by euphemism carnal intercourse.
he setteth y3320
[3320] Standard
יָצַב
yatsab
{yaw-tsab'}
A primitive root; to place (any thing so as to stay); reflexively to station, offer, continue.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
himself x3320
(3320) Complement
יָצַב
yatsab
{yaw-tsab'}
A primitive root; to place (any thing so as to stay); reflexively to station, offer, continue.
in x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
a way 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
[that is] not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
good; 2896
{2896} Prime
טוֹב
towb
{tobe}
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
he abhorreth 3988
{3988} Prime
מָאַס
ma'ac
{maw-as'}
A primitive root; to spurn; also (intransitively) to disappear.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
evil. 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 36:2-4.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 36:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 36:4

Deviseth — Freely, from his own inclination, when none are present to provoke him to it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 36:4

He (d) deviseth mischief upon his bed; he setteth himself in a way [that is] not good; he abhorreth not evil.

(d) By describing at large the nature of the reprobate, he admonishes the godly to beware of these vices.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
deviseth:

Psalms 38:12 They also that seek after my life lay snares [for me]: and they that seek my hurt speak mischievous things, and imagine deceits all the day long.
1 Samuel 19:11 Saul also sent messengers unto David's house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David's wife told him, saying, If thou save not thy life to night, to morrow thou shalt be slain.
Esther 5:14 Then said Zeresh his wife and all his friends unto him, Let a gallows be made of fifty cubits high, and to morrow speak thou unto the king that Mordecai may be hanged thereon: then go thou in merrily with the king unto the banquet. And the thing pleased Haman; and he caused the gallows to be made.
Esther 6:4 And the king said, Who [is] in the court? Now Haman was come into the outward court of the king's house, to speak unto the king to hang Mordecai on the gallows that he had prepared for him.
Proverbs 4:16 For they sleep not, except they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless they cause [some] to fall.
Hosea 7:6-7 For they have made ready their heart like an oven, whiles they lie in wait: their baker sleepeth all the night; in the morning it burneth as a flaming fire. ... They are all hot as an oven, and have devoured their judges; all their kings are fallen: [there is] none among them that calleth unto me.
Micah 2:1 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil upon their beds! when the morning is light, they practise it, because it is in the power of their hand.
Matthew 27:1 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:
Acts 23:12 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul.

mischief:
or, vanity

setteth:

Proverbs 24:23 These [things] also [belong] to the wise. [It is] not good to have respect of persons in judgment.
Isaiah 65:2 I have spread out my hands all the day unto a rebellious people, which walketh in a way [that was] not good, after their own thoughts;
Jeremiah 6:16 Thus saith the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where [is] the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they said, We will not walk [therein].
Jeremiah 8:6 I hearkened and heard, [but] they spake not aright: no man repented him of his wickedness, saying, What have I done? every one turned to his course, as the horse rusheth into the battle.
Jeremiah 9:2-9 Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging place of wayfaring men; that I might leave my people, and go from them! for they [be] all adulterers, an assembly of treacherous men. ... Shall I not visit them for these [things]? saith the LORD: shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?
Micah 6:8 He hath shewed thee, O man, what [is] good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?

abhorreth:

Psalms 97:10 Ye that love the LORD, hate evil: he preserveth the souls of his saints; he delivereth them out of the hand of the wicked.
Job 15:16 How much more abominable and filthy [is] man, which drinketh iniquity like water?
Amos 5:15 Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish judgment in the gate: it may be that the LORD God of hosts will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph.
Romans 1:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
Romans 12:9 [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
Revelation 2:2 I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 19:11. Es 5:14; 6:4. Jb 15:16. Ps 38:12; 97:10. Pv 4:16; 24:23. Is 65:2. Jr 6:16; 8:6; 9:2. Ho 7:6. Am 5:15. Mi 2:1; 6:8. Mt 27:1. Ac 23:12. Ro 1:32; 12:9. Rv 2:2.

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