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Psalms 35:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Lord, how long wilt thou look on? Rescue my soul from their destructions, My darling from the lions.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Lord, how long wilt thou look on? rescue my soul from their destructions, my darling from the lions.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Lord, how long will You look on? Rescue my soul from their ravages, My only [life] from the lions.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Lord, how long wilt thou look on? rescue my soul from their destructions, my darling from the lions.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Lord, how long wilt thou look on? Rescue my soul from their destructions, my only one from the young lions.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— My Lord! how long wilt thou look on? Bring back my soul out of their raging, from among lions, my solitary self.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Lord, how long dost thou behold? Keep back my soul from their desolations, From young lions my only one.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Lord, when wilt thou look upon me? rescue thou my soul from their malice: my only one from the lions.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Lord, how long wilt thou looke on? rescue my soule from their destructions, my darling from the lyons.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— O Lord, when wilt thou look upon me? Deliver my soul from their mischief, mine only-begotten one from the lions.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yahweh, how long wilt thou look on? rescue my soul from their destructions, my darling from the lions.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yhw יָהוֶה, 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
how long x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
wilt thou look on? 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
rescue 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
my soul 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
from their destructions, 7722
{7722} Prime
שׁוֹא
show'
{sho}
From an unused root meaning to rush over; a tempest; by implication devastation.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
my darling 3173
{3173} Prime
יָחִיד
yachiyd
{yaw-kheed'}
From H3161; properly united, that is, sole; by implication beloved; also lonely; (feminine) the life (as not to be replace).
from the lions. 3715
{3715} Prime
כְּפִיר
k@phiyr
{kef-eer'}
From H3722; a village (as covered in by walls); also a young lion (perhaps as covered with a mane).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 35:17

_ _ darling — (Compare Psalms 22:20, Psalms 22:21).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 35:17-28

_ _ In these verses, as before,

_ _ I. David describes the great injustice, malice, and insolence, of his persecutors, pleading this with God as a reason why he should protect him from them and appear against them. 1. They were very unrighteous; they were his enemies wrongfully, for he never gave them any provocation: They hated him without a cause; nay, for that for which they ought rather to have loved and honoured him. This is quoted, with application to Christ, and is said to be fulfilled in him. John 15:25, They hated me without cause. 2. They were very rude; they could not find in their hearts to show him common civility: They speak not peace; if they met him, they had not the good manners to give him the time of day; like Joseph's brethren, that could not speak peaceably to him, Genesis 37:4. 3. They were very proud and scornful (Psalms 35:21): They opened their mouth wide against me; they shouted and huzzaed when they saw his fall; they bawled after him when he was forced to quit the court, “Aha! aha! this is the day we longed to see.” 4. They were very barbarous and base, for they trampled upon him when he was down, rejoiced at his hurt, and magnified themselves against him, Psalms 35:26. Turba Remi sequitur fortunam, ut semper, et odit damnatosThe Roman crowd, varying their opinions with every turn of fortune, are sure to execrate the fallen. Thus, when the Son of David was run upon by the rulers, the people cried, Crucify him, crucify him. 5. They set themselves against all the sober good people that adhered to David (Psalms 35:20): They devised deceitful matters, to trepan and ruin those that were quiet in the land. Note, (1.) It is the character of the godly in the land that they are the quiet in the land, that they live in all dutiful subjection to government and governors, in the Lord, and endeavour, as much as in them lies, to live peaceably with all men, however they may have been misrepresented as enemies to Caesar and hurtful to kings and provinces. I am for peace, Psalms 120:7. (2.) Though the people of God are, and study to be, a quiet people, yet it has been the common practice of their enemies to devise deceitful matters against them. All the hellish arts of malice and falsehood are made use of to render them odious or despicable; their words and actions are misconstrued, even that which they abhor is fathered upon them, laws are made to ensnare them (Daniel 6:4, etc.), and all to ruin them and root them out. Those that hated David thought scorn, like Haman, to lay hands on him alone, but contrived to involve all the religious people of the land in the same ruin with him.

_ _ II. He appeals to God against them, the God to whom vengeance belongs, appeals to his knowledge (Psalms 35:22): This thou hast seen. They had falsely accused him, but God, who knows all things, knew that he did not falsely accuse them, nor make them worse than really they were. They had carried on their plots against him with a great degree of secresy (Psalms 35:15): “I knew it not, till long after, when they themselves gloried in it; but thy eye was upon them in their close cabals and thou art a witness of all they have said and done against me and thy people.” He appeals to God's justice: Awake to my judgment, even to my cause, and let it have a hearing at thy bar, Psalms 35:23. “Judge me, O Lord my God! pass sentence upon this appeal, according to the righteousness of thy nature and government,” Psalms 35:24. See this explained by Solomon, 1 Kings 7:31, 1 Kings 7:32. When thou art appealed to, hear in heaven, and judge, by condemning the wicked and justifying the righteous.

_ _ III. He prays earnestly to God to appear graciously for him and his friends, against his and their enemies, that by his providence the struggle might issue to the honour and comfort of David and to the conviction and confusion of his persecutors. 1. He prays that God would act for him, and not stand by as a spectator (Psalms 35:17): “Lord, how long wilt thou look on? How long wilt thou connive at the wickedness of the wicked? Rescue my soul from the destructions they are plotting against it; rescue my darling, my only one, from the lions. My soul is my only one, and therefore the greater is the shame if I neglect it and the greater the loss if I lose it: it is my only one, and therefore ought to be my darling, ought to be carefully protected and provided for. It is my soul that is in danger; Lord, rescue it. It does, in a peculiar manner, belong to the Father of spirits, therefore claim thy own; it is thine, save it. Lord, keep not silence, as if thou didst consent to what is done against me! Lord, be not far from me (Psalms 35:22), as if I were a stranger that thou wert not concerned for; let not me beheld afar off, as the proud are.” 2. He prays that his enemies might not have cause to rejoice (Psalms 35:19): Let them not rejoice over me (and again, Psalms 35:24); not so much because it would be a mortification to him to be trampled upon the abjects, as because it would turn to the dishonour of God and the reproach of his confidence in God. It would harden the hearts of his enemies in their wickedness and confirm them in their enmity to him, and would be a great discouragement to all the pious Jews that were friends to his righteous cause. He prays that he might never be in such imminent danger as that they should say in their hearts, Ah! so would we have it (Psalms 35:25), much more that he might not be reduced to such extremity that they should say, We have swallowed him up; for then they will reflect upon God himself. But, on the contrary, that they might be ashamed and brought to confusion together (Psalms 35:26, as before, Psalms 35:4); he desires that his innocency might be so cleared that they might be ashamed of the calumnies with which they had loaded him, that his interest might be so confirmed that they might be ashamed of their designs against him and their expectations of his ruin, that they might either be brought to that shame which would be a step towards their reformation or that that might be their portion which would be their everlasting misery. 3. He prays that his friends might have cause to rejoice and give glory to God, Psalms 35:27. Notwithstanding the arts that were used to blacken David, and make him odious, and to frighten people from owning him, there were some that favoured his righteous cause, that knew he was wronged and bore a good affection to him; and he prays for them, (1.) That they might rejoice with him in his joys. It is a great pleasure to all that are good to see an honest man, and an honest cause, prevail and prosper; and those that heartily espouse the interests of God's people, and are willing to take their lot with them even when they are run down and trampled upon, shall in due time shout for joy and be glad, for the righteous cause will at length be a victorious cause. (2.) That they might join with him in his praises: Let them say continually, The Lord be magnified, by us and others, who hath pleasure in the prosperity of his servant. Note, [1.] The great God has pleasure in this prosperity of good people, not only of his family, the church in general, but of every particular servant in his family. He has pleasure in the prosperity both of their temporal and of their spiritual affairs, and delights not in their griefs; for he does not afflict willingly; and we ought therefore to have pleasure in their prosperity, and not to envy it. [2.] When God in his providence shows his good-will to the prosperity of his servants, and the pleasure he takes in it, we ought to acknowledge it with thankfulness, to his praise, and to say, The Lord be magnified.

_ _ IV. The mercy he hoped to win by prayer he promises to wear with praise: “I will give thee thanks, as the author of my deliverance (Psalms 35:18), and my tongue shall speak of thy righteousness, the justice of thy judgments and the equity of all thy dispensations;” and this, 1. Publicly, as one that took a pleasure in owning his obligations to his God, so far was he from being ashamed of them. he will do it in the great congregation, and among much people, that God might be honoured and many edified. 2. Constantly. he will speak God's praise every day (so it may be read) and all the day long; for it is a subject that will never be exhausted, no, not by the endless praises of saints and angels.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 35:17

Look on — Without affording me pity or help. Darling — My soul, Heb. my only one; which is now left alone and forsaken by my friends, and hath none to trust in but God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
how:

Psalms 6:3 My soul is also sore vexed: but thou, O LORD, how long?
Psalms 13:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] How long wilt thou forget me, O LORD? for ever? how long wilt thou hide thy face from me? ... How long shall I take counsel in my soul, [having] sorrow in my heart daily? how long shall mine enemy be exalted over me?
Psalms 74:9-10 We see not our signs: [there is] no more any prophet: neither [is there] among us any that knoweth how long. ... O God, how long shall the adversary reproach? shall the enemy blaspheme thy name for ever?
Psalms 89:46 How long, LORD? wilt thou hide thyself for ever? shall thy wrath burn like fire?
Psalms 94:3-4 LORD, how long shall the wicked, how long shall the wicked triumph? ... [How long] shall they utter [and] speak hard things? [and] all the workers of iniquity boast themselves?

look:

Psalms 10:14 Thou hast seen [it]; for thou beholdest mischief and spite, to requite [it] with thy hand: the poor committeth himself unto thee; thou art the helper of the fatherless.
Habakkuk 1:13 [Thou art] of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity: wherefore lookest thou upon them that deal treacherously, [and] holdest thy tongue when the wicked devoureth [the man that is] more righteous than he?

rescue:

Psalms 22:20-21 Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling from the power of the dog. ... Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.
Psalms 57:4 My soul [is] among lions: [and] I lie [even among] them that are set on fire, [even] the sons of men, whose teeth [are] spears and arrows, and their tongue a sharp sword.
Psalms 69:14-15 Deliver me out of the mire, and let me not sink: let me be delivered from them that hate me, and out of the deep waters. ... Let not the waterflood overflow me, neither let the deep swallow me up, and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me.
Psalms 142:6-7 Attend unto my cry; for I am brought very low: deliver me from my persecutors; for they are stronger than I. ... Bring my soul out of prison, that I may praise thy name: the righteous shall compass me about; for thou shalt deal bountifully with me.

darling:
Heb. only one
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